The western pond turtle (Actinemys marmorata) is a Species of Special Concern in California and a candidate for federal listing. In 2006 the pond turtle population at the San Joaquin Experimental Range in Madera County, Calif., was estimated at only 10-12 individuals and consisted entirely of individuals greater than 12 years of age. Following the initiation of bullfrog (Lithobates catesbianus) control efforts, juvenile turtles appeared to be rebounding. Four years of drought have caused the stock pond that serves as their primary water source to dry up in late summer (2012 and 2013) or to not form at all (2014 and 2015). Forest Service scientists observed high levels of turtle mortality during this period, which was negatively correlated with precipitation. The scientists observed extensive terrestrial movements and movement into new areas, both which of which make them vulnerable to predation are considered risky behavior. The scientists concluded low precipitation and drought are likely to negatively impact the already imperiled pond turtle populations in California. ?