Numerous factors contribute to whether or not an individual will take action to reduce his or her wildfire risk. When an individual opts to not implement risk mitigation measures, community leaders can use a variety of policy tools to encourage that person to adopt an action or change behavior. These tools included passing rules or regulations, building capacity to act, providing incentives, and establishing community norms. A Forest Service scientist and partners reviewed approaches used by six communities in Idaho, Oregon, and Utah that have been effective at encouraging homeowners to adopt and maintain mitigation activities. Each community's approach was different. Each was tailored to meet specific community needs, and ranged from collective efforts organized locally to efforts developed externally to provide incentives or potential punishments for not adopting treatments. The most consistent policy tool across communities was capacity building, primarily raising awareness of the fire hazard and potential mitigation behaviors and leveraging external resources, generally obtaining grant funding to assist with vegetation reduction efforts. Another commonality was the involvement of a central group or individual that provided leadership by initiating and championing the mitigation effort and serving as a link to external resources.