Forests provide key ecosystem services, ranging from the specific production services of valuable tree species to broad services of forest communities that are integral for facilitating clean water and air. At all of these levels, climate change has the potential to affect forests that supports our well-being. Forest Service scientists worked to identify potential implications of climate change for ecosystem services, evaluating how both forest communities and individual tree species habitats may respond and how these changes relate to specific ecosystem services and the eastern United States. These scientists developed a Forest-Related Index of Climate Vulnerability based on models of 134 tree species distributions and their projected habitat responses by 2100. In addition to quantifying the relative climate change pressure, they showed how for important economic sectors such as maple syrup (sugar maple), or high quality timber species (black cherry) climate change risk may influence these species regionally. This approach is an essential first step towards summarizing how these relative changes can influence forest-related ecosystem services and how changes in tree species habitat may influence the maintenance of ecosystem processes.