Forest Service researchers are studying the use of high-strength laminated paper composite material as a low-cost replacement for aluminum and synthetic fiber-based composite panels for a variety of applications. The research began as a response to the National Fire Plan to improve resource utilization through optimized placement and utilization of fibrous materials. Trial applications are currently underway with the Department of Defense. In one trial, the U.S. Army is testing the panels as a lower cost replacement for their tactical shelters. The shelters are currently made using high-cost aircraft aluminum and nomex honeycomb panel materials. Commercially available laminated composite paper material was used to produce a 3D-engineered fiberboard end-panel. In another trial, the U.S. Air Force is using the 3D engineered panels for a disposable pallet. Their current pallet design is made from aluminum skins and synthetic honeycomb core that cost about $2000 perpallet. Their goal is to develop a lower cost pallet using wood-based materials.