Well-functioning food webs are fundamental for sustaining rivers as ecosystems and maintaining associated aquatic and terrestrial communities. As an illustration, scientists examined how the Columbia River Basin, site of one of the largest aquatic-riparian restoration programs in the United States, would benefit from implementing a food web perspective. This complements ongoing approaches and enhance the ability to meet the vision and legal obligations of the U.S. Endangered Species Act, the Northwest Power Act (Fish and Wildlife Program), and federal treaties with Northwest Indian Tribes while meeting fundamental needs for improved river management. Based on a variety of reviews, meetings, workshops, site visits, and other feedback, the scientific underpinnings of many habitat restoration efforts in the Columbia River Basin have been improved. Most notably, this effort increased attention to monitoring and evaluating restoration projects so that habitat managers can learn from their experiences and pass this information along to other practitioners. This report was used by the Bonneville Power Administration as well as federal, state, tribal, and non-governmental organizations to help identify habitat restoration opportunities where food web improvements could be implemented, and to make improvements in existing projects and programs.