An expansion in future consumption of wood energy could affect wood products markets. Less is understood about the competition between wood for energy and traditional products. The effects on final and byproduct production and prices are also unclear. To better understand such effects, USDA Forest Service scientists at the agency's Southern Research Station projected market prices and quantities of timber, lumber, wood energy, and paper produced and consumed. The projections included a baseline scenario, where wood energy use increases at the historic rate, and a high use scenario, where wood energy almost doubles by 2050. The model results show that increased wood use for energy will impact traditional forest products industries, such as pulp and paper, because increased demand for wood for energy leads to higher prices for timber, which will reduce profits and production quantity of other industries. At the same time, increased timber demand leads to higher revenues for timber landowners. Another interesting result is that increased demand for mill residues and small diameter timber leads to increased production of sawtimber and lumber. Future expansion in wood energy use could bring notable increases in regional timber harvests, timber prices, timberland area, and timber inventory. Increased consumption of pulpwood for energy could lead to higher prices. However, increasing pulpwood consumption for energy led to increased lumber production and gains in the net exports of lumber. By increasing associated future forest rents, wood energy-induced increases in timber prices could help prevent forest conversion to other land uses, as higher timber prices could incentivize landowners to invest in new plantations or intensified management activities.