As climate warms most species are expected to escape the heat by shifting their distributions upwards in elevations. However,given the growing evidence of multiple responses of species distributions due to climate change and the lack of studies in the tropics, we evaluated the responses of a montane bird community to climate change in El Yunque National Forest/Luquillo Experimental Forest. To test for elevational shifts, we compared the distribution of 21 species in 1998 and 2015 using occupancy models. The historical data set was based on point counts, while the current data set was based on acoustic monitoring. We detected a similar number of species in historical (35) and current data set (33). We show an overall pattern of no significant change in range limits for the majority of species, although there was a significant shift in the range limit of eight species (38%). Elevation limits shifted mostly upward, and this pattern was more common for upper than lower limits. Our results demonstrate the variability of species responses to climate change and emphasize the importance of long-term population monitoring, especially the value of acoustic monitoring for cost-effective monitoring of animal abundance and distributions. The results from acoustic monitoring also provide invaluable baseline data for future studies of extreme weather events (e.g., hurricanes and droughts), which managers can use to assess responses of vulnerable or sensitive wildlife species.