After the large wildfire seasons of 2014 and 2015 in Washington State, the state legislature tasked the Washington Department of Natural Resources to conduct a forest resiliency burning pilot project to monitor and evaluate the benefits of forest resiliency burning on air quality and to investigate means of increasing the use of prescribed burns in forests across the state. This large-scale, interagency effort involved approximately 15 prescribed burns sites on state and national forest lands. The Forest Service’s Pacific Northwest Research Station was specifically asked by the state to provide science support for this pilot project. Roger Ottmar, a research forester with the research station, led the effort to characterize the pre- and post-fire fuels and assess post-fire tree damage and mortality. Data from this project was used to evaluate the model "Consume," developed at the research station, and currently used in Washington's smoke management program. The follow-up reports presented to the state legislature will help the state develop a forest resiliency burning program that will maintain healthy forests and limit uncontrolled wildfires while protecting ambient air quality.