Fire-prone landscapes present many challenges for both managers and policy makers in developing adaptive behaviors and institutions. Researchers used an agent-based landscape model to examine how alternative management scenarios affect fire and ecosystem services metrics in a fire-prone multi-ownership landscape in the eastern Cascades of Oregon. Scenarios with federal restoration treatments had slightly less high-severity fire than a scenario without treatment. Treatments appeared to be more effective at reducing high-severity fire in years with more fire than in years with less fire. Under the current management scenario, timber production could be maintained for at least 50 years on federal lands. Under an accelerated restoration scenario, timber production fell due to shortage of areas meeting current stand structure treatment targets. Tradeoffs between restoration outcomes (e.g. open forests with large fire-resistant trees) and habitat for species that require dense older forests were evident. For example, percent area of nesting habitat for northern spotted owls was somewhat less after 50 years under the restoration scenarios than under no management.