Interagency Special Status /
Sensitive Species Program (ISSSSP)
Inventory & Monitoring Protocols
Inventory protocols presented here are generally used to determine what species are present in a project area or in specific habitat types. An intended objective of these survey protocols is to provide standard survey methodology, which can be used by field personnel to determine presence/lack-of-detection for target species, and to document species locations and habitats in a consistent format. These methodologies can be used during project design to collect information about what species are present and may be affected by such projects. They can also be used during general inventories or for other efforts to determine distribution or habitat associations. Following these survey protocols will assure consistent, standardized surveys in order to have comparable and credible survey effort and data quality standards; and to assist in future protocol refinement.
Before planning or implementing any survey, it is important to determine what the objectives of the survey are and what type of information is needed from the survey in order to design a feasible and safe sampling method that will provide the best results.
Whenever possible, use published inventory and monitoring protocols for specific species, taxa group, or habitat types. When such protocols do not exist, agency personnel work with the Interagency Special Status/Sensitive Species Program (ISSSSP) regional inventory coordinator to develop a protocol to meet the sensitive and special status program objectives and needs.
Some Special Status/Sensitive species are also Survey and Manage species. A resource for inventory protocols for these species can be found at the Survey & Manage Program website.
- GeoBOB Aquatic Survey Form - Word .doc File - 85K
- GeoBOB Survey Form for Flora and Fauna - 09/2016 - Word .doc File - 21K
- GeoBOB Sites and Observations Form for Flora - 12/2016 - Word .doc File - 34K
- GeoBOB Sites and Observations Form for Fauna - 12/2016 - Word .doc File - 26K
- GeoBOB Features Form - 10/2010 - Word .doc File - 19K
- GeoBOB Field Forms Look-Up Values - 10/2010 - Word .doc File - 40K
- GeoBOB Data Dictionary - 11/2016 - Excel .xlsx File - 142K
Forest Service NRM TES Plants
- TESP Element Occurrence Field Guide - 2015 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.0M
- R6 TESP Element Occurrence Field Form - 2015 - Adobe .pdf File - 240K
- TESP Survey Field Guide - 2014 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.1M
- TESP Survey Field Form - 2014 - Adobe .pdf File - 156K
Forest Service NRM Wildlife
- R6 NRM Wildlife Administrative Site Survey Form – 2020 - Word .docx File - 37K
- R6 NRM Wildlife Administrative Site Survey Form Aquatic – 2020 - Word .docx File - 36K
- R6 NRM Biological Site Survey Form – 2020 - Word .docx File - 41K
- R6 NRM Wildlife Observations Form – 2020 - Word .docx File - 27K
- List of Values for NRM Wildlife Administrative Site Surveys – 2020 - Word .docx File - 19K
- List of Values for NRM Wildlife Biological Site Surveys – 2020 - Word .docx File - 21K
Butterflies and Moths (Order Lepidoptera)
- Callophrys johnsoni, Johnson’s hairstreak butterfly
- Survey Protocol Version 1.2, May 2011 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.1M
- Polites mardon, Mardon skipper
- Survey Protocol, Version 1.1 - Zipped Word .doc File - 264K
Damselflies and Dragonflies (Order Odonata)
- Darner Identification and Monitoring Guide – 2020 - Adobe .pdf File - 35M
Snails and Slugs (Class Gastropoda)
- Aquatic Mollusk - Adobe .pdf File - 273K
- Rana pretiosa, Oregon spotted frog
- Survey Protocol - 2010 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.8M
- Zip file with Breeding Survey Form Instructions and Survey Form - 2009 - Zip .zip File - 111K
- Picoides albolarvatus, White-headed Woodpecker
- Final Monitoring Report for the Pacific Northwest Region - 2017 - Adobe .pdf File - 644K
- Annual Monitoring Report in the Pacific Northwest Region - 2013-2014 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.5M
- Conservation Assessment - 2013 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.2M
- Annual Monitoring Report in the Pacific Northwest Region - 2012 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.9M
- White-headed Woodpecker Monitoring Strategy and Protocols - 2013
- Strix nebulosa, Great gray owl
- Survey Protocol – 2016 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.5M
- Bat Conservation International, Bats and Mines, Evaluating Abandoned Mines for Bats: Recommendations for survey and closure
- State Guidelines for Prevention of Rabies
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Decontamination protocol and direction
- Bat Conservation International, Bats in American Bridges - 1999
- BLM Financial Assistance Agreement with Bat Conservation International
- The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has a Financial Assistance Agreement with Bat Conservation International, Inc. (BCI). The BLM Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) program awarded a financial assistance agreement (FAA) to BCI. The objective is to survey the biological assets of hazardous abandoned mine adits and/or shafts that will be closed and provide information on habitat quality, presence or absence of bats, and recommendations on the type of closure so that the biological communities are accounted and accommodated for when deciding on closure techniques. Biologists can coordinate with their local AML lead on specifics of task requests.
- Forest Service Job Hazard Analyses
- Bat Exit Counts - 2014 - Word .doc file - 42K
- Bat Mist Netting - 2014 - Word .doc file - 40K
- Cave & Bat Surveys - 2014 - Word .doc file - 39K
- White Nose Syndrome: Something is Killing our Bats
- Bridgeoporus nobilissimus - 2008 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.1M
- Macro-Fungi Foray Task Checklist - 2011 - Word .doc file - 22K
- Sporocarp Survey Protocol for Macrofungi, Version 1.0, December 2008 - Adobe .pdf File - 418K
Inventory and Monitoring Methods
- Comparison of Inventory and Monitoring Methods for Columbia Spotted Frog - Word .doc File - 40K
Surveying for biotic soil crust lichens of shrub steppe habitats in the Columbia Basin – 2012 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.0M
Online Resources for Monitoring
There are many books on how to design, sample, and analyze natural resource data, specifically, wildlife and botanical populations. Listed here are several Bureau of Land Management and Forest Service publications.
Elzinga, C., D. Salzer, and J.W. Willoughby. 1998. Measuring and monitoring plant populations. Bureau of Land Management Technical Reference 1730-1. Denver, CO. 492 pages.
Schreuder, Hans T.; Ernst, Richard; Ramirez-Maldonado, Hugo. 2004. Statistical techniques for sampling and monitoring natural resources. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-126. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 111 p.
Holthausen, Richard; Czaplewski, Raymond L.; DeLorenzo, Don; Hayward, Greg; Kessler, Winifred B.; Manley, Pat; McKelvey, Kevin S.; Powell, Douglas S.; Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Schwartz, Michael K.; Van Horne, Bea; Vojta, Christina D. 2005. Strategies for monitoring terrestrial animals and habitats. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-161. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 34 p.
Manley, P.N.; Van Horne, B.; Roth, J.K.; Zielinski, W.J.; McKenzie, M.M.; Weller, T.J.; Weckerly, F.W.; Vojta, C. 2006. Multiple species inventory and monitoring technical guide. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-73. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington Office. 204 p.