Interagency Special Status /
Sensitive Species Program (ISSSSP)
Inventory & Monitoring Protocols
Inventory protocols presented here are generally used to determine what species are present in a project area or in specific habitat types. An intended objective of these survey protocols is to provide standard survey methodology, which can be used by field personnel to determine presence/lack-of-detection for target species, and to document species locations and habitats in a consistent format. These methodologies can be used during project design to collect information about what species are present and may be affected by such projects. They can also be used during general inventories or for other efforts to determine distribution or habitat associations. Following these survey protocols will assure consistent, standardized surveys in order to have comparable and credible survey effort and data quality standards; and to assist in future protocol refinement.
Before planning or implementing any survey, it is important to determine what the objectives of the survey are and what type of information is needed from the survey in order to design a feasible and safe sampling method that will provide the best results.
Whenever possible, use published inventory and monitoring protocols for specific species, taxa group, or habitat types. When such protocols do not exist, agency personnel work with the Interagency Special Status/Sensitive Species Program (ISSSSP) regional inventory coordinator to develop a protocol to meet the sensitive and special status program objectives and needs.
Some Special Status/Sensitive species are also Survey and Manage species. A resource for inventory protocols for these species can be found at the Survey & Manage Program website.
- GeoBOB Survey Form for Flora and Fauna - 10/2010 - Word .doc File - 23K
- GeoBOB Sites and Observations Form for Flora - 10/2010 - Word .doc File - 27K
- GeoBOB Sites and Observations Form for Fauna - 10/2010 - Word .doc File - 25K
- GeoBOB Features Form - 10/2010 - Word .doc File - 19K
- GeoBOB Field Forms Look-Up Values - 10/2010 - Word .doc File - 40K
- GeoBOB Data Dictionary, December 2006 - Word .doc File - 116K
Forest Service NRIS TES Plants
- TESP Element Occurrence Field Guide - Word .doc File - 972K
- R6 TESP Element Occurrence Field Form - Word .doc File - 233K
- TESP Survey Field Guide - Word .doc File - 1.0M
- TESP Survey Field Form - Word .doc File - 226K
Forest Service NRIS Wildlife
- R6 NRIS Wildlife Administrative Site Survey Form - 2010 - Word .doc File - 38K
- R6 NRIS Wildlife Administrative Site Survey Form AQUATIC - 2010 - Word .doc File - 37K
- R6 NRIS Wildlife Biological Site Survey Form - 2010 - Word .doc File - 42K
- R6 NRIS Wildlife Observations Form - 2010 - Word .doc File - 27K
- List of Values for NRIS Wildlife Administrative Site Surveys - 2010 - Word .doc File - 18K
- List of Values for NRIS Wildlife Biological Site Surveys - 2010 - Word .doc File - 19K
Butterflies and Moths (Order Lepidoptera)
- Callophrys johnsoni, Johnson’s hairstreak butterfly
- Survey Protocol Version 1.2, May 2011 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.1M
- Polites mardon, Mardon skipper
- Survey Protocol, Version 1.1 - Zipped Word .doc File - 264K
Snails and Slugs (Class Gastropoda)
- Rana pretiosa, Oregon spotted frog
- Survey Protocol - 2010 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.8M
- Zip file with Breeding Survey Form Instructions and Survey Form - 2009 - Zip .zip File - 111K
- Picoides albolarvatus, White-headed Woodpecker
- White-headed Woodpecker Monitoring Strategy and Protocols - 2013 - Adobe .pdf File -
- Appendix I – Data Form Instructions, Transect Establishment Form, Playback Surveys Form - Word .docx File - 31K
- Appendix II – Instructions for Vegetation Measurements at Survey Stations and Nest Sites - Word .docx File - 664K
- Appendix III – Safety information for developing a Job Hazard Analysis - Word .docx File - 26K
- Appendix IV – Regional Transect Establishment Methodology - Word .docx File - 21K
- Appendix V – Nest Data Form - Word .docx File - 54K
- White-headed Woodpecker Monitoring Strategy and Protocols - 2013 - Adobe .pdf File - 295K
- Strix nebulosa, Great gray owl
- Survey Protocol – 2016 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.5M
- Bat Conservation International, Bats and Mines, Evaluating Abandoned Mines for Bats: Recommendations for survey and closure
- State Guidelines for Prevention of Rabies
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Decontamination protocol and direction
- Bat Conservation International, Bats in American Bridges - 1999
- BLM Financial Assistance Agreement with Bat Conservation International
- The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has a Financial Assistance Agreement with Bat Conservation International, Inc. (BCI). The BLM Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) program awarded a financial assistance agreement (FAA) to BCI. The objective is to survey the biological assets of hazardous abandoned mine adits and/or shafts that will be closed and provide information on habitat quality, presence or absence of bats, and recommendations on the type of closure so that the biological communities are accounted and accommodated for when deciding on closure techniques. Biologists can coordinate with their local AML lead on specifics of task requests.
- Forest Service Job Hazard Analyses
- Bat Exit Counts - 2014 - Word .doc file - 42K
- Bat Mist Netting - 2014 - Word .doc file - 40K
- Cave & Bat Surveys - 2014 - Word .doc file - 39K
- White Nose Syndrome: Something is Killing our Bats
- Bridgeoporus nobilissimus - 2008 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.1M
- Macro-Fungi Foray Task Checklist - 2011 - Word .doc file - 22K
- Sporocarp Survey Protocol for Macrofungi, Version 1.0, December 2008 - Adobe .pdf File - 418K
Inventory and Monitoring Methods
- Comparison of Inventory and Monitoring Methods for Columbia Spotted Frog - Word .doc File - 40K
Surveying for biotic soil crust lichens of shrub steppe habitats in the Columbia Basin – 2012 - Adobe .pdf File - 1.0M
Online Resources for Monitoring
There are many books on how to design, sample, and analyze natural resource data, specifically, wildlife and botanical populations. Listed here are several Bureau of Land Management and Forest Service publications.
Elzinga, C., D. Salzer, and J.W. Willoughby. 1998. Measuring and monitoring plant populations. Bureau of Land Management Technical Reference 1730-1. Denver, CO. 492 pages.
Schreuder, Hans T.; Ernst, Richard; Ramirez-Maldonado, Hugo. 2004. Statistical techniques for sampling and monitoring natural resources. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-126. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 111 p.
Holthausen, Richard; Czaplewski, Raymond L.; DeLorenzo, Don; Hayward, Greg; Kessler, Winifred B.; Manley, Pat; McKelvey, Kevin S.; Powell, Douglas S.; Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Schwartz, Michael K.; Van Horne, Bea; Vojta, Christina D. 2005. Strategies for monitoring terrestrial animals and habitats. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-161. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 34 p.
Manley, P.N.; Van Horne, B.; Roth, J.K.; Zielinski, W.J.; McKenzie, M.M.; Weller, T.J.; Weckerly, F.W.; Vojta, C. 2006. Multiple species inventory and monitoring technical guide. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-73. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington Office. 204 p.