Selected References

FIELD GUIDE TO INSECTS AND DISEASES OF ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO FORESTS
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  26. Geils, B.W., J. Cibrian Tovar, and B. Moody, tech. coords. 2002. Mistletoes of North American conifers. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-98. Ogden, UT: USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 123 pp.
  27. Geils, B.W.; Conklin, D.A.; Van Arsdel, E.P. 1999. A preliminary hazard model of white pine blister rust for the Sacramento Ranger District, Lincoln National Forest. USDA Forest Service, RMRS-RN-6. 6 pp.
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  34. Hawksworth, F.G. 1961. Dwarf mistletoe of ponderosa pine in the Southwest. Tech. Bull. 1246. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 13 pp.
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  36. Hawksworth, F.G. and R.F. Scharpf. 1981. Phoradendron on conifers. USDA Forest Service, Forest Pest Leaflet 164. 7 pp.
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  39. Hinds, T.E. 1985. Diseases. In: DeByle, N.V., Winokur, R.P., eds. Aspen: Ecology and Management in Western United States. Tech. Rep. RM-119. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 87-106.
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  46. Johnson W.T. and H.H. Lyon, 1988. Insects that feed on trees and shrubs, 2nd ed. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. 556 pp.
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  48. Keen, F.P. 1958. Cone and seed insects of western forest trees. USDA Forest Service, California Forest and Range Exp. Stn. Tech. Bull. 1169. 169 pp.
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  51. Linnane, J.P., comp. 1984. Annual Southwestern Region pest conditions report-1983. USDA Forest Service, Southwestern Region. Albuquerque, NM. R3 84-13. 13 pp.
  52. Lightle, P.C. and S.R. Andrews. 1968. Red rot in residual ponderosa pine stands on the Navajo Indian Reservation. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Res. Pap. RM-37. 12 pp.
  53. Livingston, R.L. 1979. The pine engraver beetle in Idaho, life history, habits and management recommendations. Idaho Department of Lands, Forest Insect and Disease Control Report 79-3. 7 pp.
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  56. Lynch, A.M. 2004. Fate and characteristics of Picea damaged by Elatobium abietinum (Walker) (Homoptera: Aphididae) in the White Mountains of Arizona. Western North American Naturalist. 7-17.
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  76. Parker, D.L. 1991. Integrated pest management guide: Arizona five-spined ips, Ips lecontei Swaine, and pine engraver, Ips pini (Say), in ponderosa pine. USDA Forest Service, Southwestern Region, 91-8. 17 pp.
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