USDA Forest Service

Pacific Southwest Research Station

Pacific Southwest
Research Station

800 Buchanan Street
Albany, CA 94710-0011
(510) 883-8830
United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.

Research Topics Water & Watersheds

Turbidity Threshold Sampling Literature

Lewis, Jack, and Rand Eads. 2008. Implementation guide for turbidity threshold sampling: principles, procedures, and analysis. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-212. Arcata, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. Oct 2008.

Lewis, Jack. 2003. Turbidity-controlled sampling for suspended sediment load estimation. In: Bogen, J. Tharan Fergus and Des Walling (eds.), Erosion and Sediment Transport Measurement in Rivers: Technological and Methodological Advances (Proc. Oslo Workshop, 19-20 June 2002). IAHS Publ. 283: 13-20. M [294 KB]

Eads, Rand and Jack Lewis. 2003. Turbidity Threshold sampling in watershed research. In: Renard, Kenneth G.; McElroy, Stephen A.; Gburek, William J.; Canfield, H. Evan; Scott, Russell L., eds. First Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, October 27-30, 2003. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service; 567-571.

Eads, Rand, and Jack Lewis. 2002. Continuous turbidity monitoring in streams of northwestern California. In: Turbidity and other sediment surrogates workshop (ed. by G.D. Glysson & J.R. Gray). 30 April - 02 May 2002, Reno, Nevada. 3 p.

Lewis, Jack. 2002. Estimation of suspended sediment flux in streams using continuous turbidity and flow data coupled with laboratory concentrations. In: Turbidity and other sediment surrogates workshop (ed. by G.D. Glysson & J.R. Gray). 30 April - 02 May 2002, Reno, Nevada. 3 p.

Lewis, Jack, and Rand Eads. 2001. Turbidity threshold sampling for suspended sediment load estimation. In: Proceedings, 7th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, 25-29 Mar 2001, Reno, Nevada. [1824 KB]

Lewis, Jack, and Rand Eads. 1998. Automatic real-time control of suspended sediment based upon high frequency in situ measurements of nephelometric turbidity. In: Gray, John, and Larry Schmidt (Organizers). Proceedings of the Federal Interagency Workshop on Sediment Technology for the 21st Century, February 17-20, 1998, St. Petersburg, FL.

Lewis, Jack. 1996. Turbidity-controlled suspended sediment sampling for runoff-event load estimation. Water Resources Research 32(7): 2299-2310.

Lewis, Jack, and Rand Eads. 1996. Turbidity-controlled suspended sediment sampling. Watershed Management Council Newsletter 6(4): 1&4-5.

Other turbidity-related references:

Adams, R. J. (1991). Ambient suspended sediment concentration and turbidity levels. Proceedings of the 1991 National Conference, New York, pp. 865-869.

Anderson, C.W., (2004). Turbidity (2d ed.): U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, book 9, chap. A6., section 6.7.

Barrett, J. C. (1992). Turbidity-induced changes in reactive distance of rainbow trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 121: 437-443.

Baygi, M. H. M., P. A. Payne, et al. (1994). Measurement of turbidity with polarized light. Measurement Science Technology 5: 685-693.

Davies-Colley, R. J. and D. G. Smith (2001). Turbidity, suspended sediment, and water clarity: a review. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37(5): 1085-1100.

Downing, John (2005). Turbidity monitoring. Chapter 24 in Down, R.D. and J.H. Lehr. Environmental Instrumentation and Analysis Handbook. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. pp. 511- 546.

Downing, John (2006). Twenty-five years with OBS sensors: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Continental Shelf Research. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2006.07.018. 20 pp.

Foster, I. D. L., R. Millington, et al. (1992). The impact of particle size controls on stream turbidity measurement; some implications for suspended sediment yield estimation. Erosion and Sediment Transport Monitoring Programmes in River Basins 210: 51-62.

Gilvear, D. J. and G. E. Petts (1985). Turbidity and suspended solids variations downstream of a regulating reservoir. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 10: 363-373.

Gippel, C. J. (1989). The use of turbidimeters in suspended sediment research. Hydrobiologia 176/177: 465-480.

Gippel, C. J. (1995). Potential of turbidity monitoring for measuring the transport of suspended solids in streams. Hydrological Processes 9: 83-97.

Guibai, L. and J. Gregory (1991). Flocculation and sedimentation of high-turbidity waters. Water Resources 25(9): 1137-1143.

Jethra, R. (1993). Turbidity measurement. ISA Transactions 32: 397-405.

Lewis, Jack (2007). Comparisons of turbidity data collected with different instruments. Report on a cooperative agreement between the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and USDA Forest Service--Pacific Southwest Research Station (PSW Agreement # 06-CO-11272133-041)..

Lex, D. (1993). In-line ratiometric turbidimeters are highly accurate, easy to use. I &CS 66(2): 41-44.

Mitchell, A. W. and M. J. Furnas (2001). River loggers - a new tool to monitor riverine suspended particle fluxes. Water Science and Technology 43(9):115-120.

Murren, C. (1993). Clear thinking on turbidity. Measurement and Contro 26: 83-85.

Orwin, John F. and C. Chris Smart (2005). An inexpensive turbidimeter for monitoring suspended sediment. Geomorphology 68: 3-15.

Puleo, Jack A. et al. The effect of air bubbles on optical backscatter sensors. Marine Geology 230: 87-97.

Singler, J. W. (1984). Effects of chronic turbidity on andromous salmonids: recent studies and assessment techniques in perspective. Logan, Utah State University.

Sun, H., P. S. Cornish and T. M. Daniell (2001). Turbidity-based erosion estimation in a catchment in South Australia. Journal of Hydrology 253: 227-238.

Last Modified: Aug 29, 2016 11:24:33 AM