USDA Forest Service

Pacific Southwest Research Station

 
Pacific Southwest
Research Station

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Publications and Products

Title: Innate resistance and phosphite treatment affect both the pathogen’s and host’s transcriptomes in the tanoak-Phytophthora ramorum pathosystem

Authors: Kasuga, Takao; Hayden, Katherine J.; Eyre, Catherine A.; Croucher, Peter J. P.; Schechter, Shannon; Wright, Jessica W.; Garbelotto, Matteo

Date: 2021

Source Journal of Fungi. 7(3): 198

Abstract:

Phosphites have been used to control Sudden Oak Death; however, their precise mode of action is not fully understood. To study the mechanism of action of phosphites, we conducted an inoculation experiment on two open-pollinated tanoak families, previously found to be partially resistant. Stems of treatment group individuals were sprayed with phosphite, and seven days later, distal leaves were inoculated with the Sudden Oak Death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. Leaves from treated and untreated control plants were harvested before and seven days after inoculation, and transcriptomes of both host and pathogen were analyzed. We found that tanoak families differed in the presence of innate resistance (resistance displayed by untreated tanoak) and in the response to phosphite treatment. A set of expressed genes associated with innate resistance was found to overlap with an expressed gene set for phosphite-induced resistance. This observation may indicate that phosphite treatment increases the resistance of susceptible host plants. In addition, genes of the pathogen involved in detoxification were upregulated in phosphite-treated plants compared to phosphite-untreated plants. In summary, our RNA-Seq analysis supports a two-fold mode of action of phosphites, including a direct toxic effect on P. ramorum and an indirect enhancement of resistance in the tanoak host.

Keywords: phosphonate, Notholithocarpus densiflorus, Sudden Oak Death (SOD), in planta RNA-Seq, plant defense, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA)

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Citation

    Kasuga, Takao; Hayden, Katherine J.; Eyre, Catherine A.; Croucher, Peter J. P.; Schechter, Shannon; Wright, Jessica W.; Garbelotto, Matteo. 2021. Innate resistance and phosphite treatment affect both the pathogen’s and host’s transcriptomes in the tanoak-Phytophthora ramorum pathosystem. Journal of Fungi. 7(3): 198. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof7030198.
Last Modified: May 19, 2021