USDA Forest Service

Pacific Southwest Research Station

Pacific Southwest
Research Station

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Publications and Products

Title: Selecting reference cities for i-Tree Streets

Authors: McPherson, E.G.

Date: 2010

Source Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 36(5): 230-240

Abstract: The i-Tree Streets (formerly STRATUM) computer program quantifies municipal forest structure, function, and value using tree growth and geographic data from sixteen U.S. reference cities, one for each of sixteen climate zones. Selecting the reference city that best matches a subject city is problematic when the subject city is outside the U.S., lays on the border between two climate zones, has a different climate, or tree species composition because of differences in elevation, urban morphology, and environmental quality. A systematic process for selecting the best match is described and illustrated for Lisbon, Portugal. Selection criteria are tree species composition, heating and cooling degree days, and annual precipitation. Raw and difference values for each criterion are normalized to range from 0 to 10 using linear interpolation. The coefficient for each criterion is weighted to reflect its relative importance. The Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) is calculated and the reference city with the lowest value is the best match for the subject city. The state of California’s reference cities of Modesto (RMSE = 2.41) and Claremont (2.71) proved to be the best match for Lisbon when coefficients were unequally weighted.

Keywords: Benefit-Cost Analysis, i-Tree Streets, Municipal Forests, Street Tree Inventory, Urban Forest Valuation

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    McPherson .E.G. 2010. Selecting reference cities for i-Tree Streets. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry 36(5): 230-240.
Last Modified: September 29, 2010