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Publications and Products

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General Technical Report

Title: Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on the genetics of host-parasite interactions in forestry: Disease and insect resistance in forest trees.

Author: Sniezko, Richard A.; Yanchuk, Alvin D.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M.; Alexander, Janice M.; Frankel, Susan J., tech. coords.

Date: 2012

Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-240. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Station ID: GTR-PSW-240

Description: The Fourth International Workshop on the Genetics of Host-Parasite Interactions in Forestry: Disease and Insect Resistance in Forest Trees provided a forum for research and management options and successes which have occurred over the last 30 years (the previous workshop was held in 1980 in Wageningen, The Netherlands). Eighty-eight submissions from oral and poster presentations at the 2011 workshop held in Eugene, Oregon provide a worldwide, comprehensive update on many aspects of research and operational programs on genetic resistance to forest insects and diseases. Topics of concern to natural forest systems and intensively managed forests are discussed, including resistance mechanisms, durability of resistance, ecology and evolutionary biology of resistance and tolerance, pathogen evolution, molecular tools, short-term screening assays for resistance and status of several applied forest tree resistance programs.


Sniezko, Richard A.; Yanchuk, Alvin D.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M.; Alexander, Janice M.; Frankel, Susan J., tech. coords. 2012. Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on the genetics of host-parasite interactions in forestry: Disease and insect resistance in forest trees. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-240. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 372 p.

View and print the entire publication (46 MB) or the individual papers below.

Front Matter

Cover, conference information, abstract, contents

Richard A. Sniezko

Mechanisms of Resistance to Pests and Pathogens

Tree Breeding for Pest Resistance for the Next 50 Years: The Search for Cross Resistance?
Alvin D. Yanchuk

Multiple Resistances Against Diseases and Insects in a Breeding Population of Pinus pinaster
Alejandro Solla, María Vivas, Elena Cubera, Luis Sampedro, Xoaquín Moreira, Esther Merl, Raúl de la Mata, and Rafael Zas

Endophyte Mediated Plant-Herbivore Interactions or Cross Resistance to Fungi and Insect Herbivores
Kari Saikkonen and Marjo Helander

Insertion Site Selection and Feeding of the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid: Implications for Host-Plant Resistance
K.L.F. Oten, A.C. Cohen, and F.P. Hain

Genetic Basis of Resistance in Eucalyptus spp. Pathosystems
Acelino Couto Alfenas, Lúcio Mauro da Silva Guimarães, and Marcos Deon Vilela de Resende

Genetic Variation of Lodgepole Pine Physical and Chemical Defenses Associated With Each Step in Host Selection Behavior Sequence by Mountain Pine Beetle
Kimberly F. Wallin, Daniel S. Ott, and Alvin D. Yanchuk

Stilbenes as Constitutive and Induced Protection Compounds in Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)
Anni Harju and Martti Venäläinen

Simultaneous Laurel Wilt Disease Biology and Resistance Research
Jason A. Smith and Randy C. Ploetz

Breeding for Resistance in a Changing Environment - Durable Resistance: Hopes, Pitfalls, and Management Strategies

Breeding Poplars with Durable Resistance to Melampsora larici-populina Leaf Rust: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Understand and Delay Pathogen Adaptation
A. Dowkiw, V. Jorge, M. Villar, E. Voisin, V. Guérin, P. Faivre-Rampant, A. Bresson, F. Bitton, S. Duplessis, P. Frey, B. Petre, C. Guinet, C. Xhaard, B. Fabre, F. Halkett, C. Plomion, C. Lalanne, and C. Bastien

Developing Hazelnuts (Corylus spp.) with Durable Resistance to Eastern Filbert Blight Caused by Anisogramma anomala
Thomas J. Molnar, John Capik, Clayton W. Leadbetter, Ning Zhang, Guohong Cai, and Bradley I. Hillman

Breeding for Growth Improvement and Resistance to Multiple Pests in Thuja plicata
John H. Russell and Alvin D. Yanchuk

The New Zealand Douglas-fir Breeding Program: Proposed Adjustments for a Changing Climate
Heidi Dungey, Charlie Low, Mark Miller, Kane Fleet, and Alvin D. Yanchuk

White Pine Blister Rust Resistance Research in Minnesota and Wisconsin
Andrew David, Paul Berrang, and Carrie Pike

Phenotypic Evidence Suggests a Possible Major-Gene Element to Weevil Resistance in Sitka Spruce
John N. King, René I. Alfaro, Peter Ott, and Lara vanAkker

Operational Program to Develop Phytophthora lateralis-Resistant Populations of Port-Orford-cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)
R.A. Sniezko, J. Hamlin, and E.M. Hansen

Strong Partial Resistance to White Pine Blister Rust in Sugar Pine
Bohun B. Kinloch, Jr., Deems Burton, Dean A. Davis, Robert D. Westfall, Joan Dunlap, and Detlev Vogler

An Investigation into Western White Pine Partial Resistance Against the Rust Pathogen Cronartium ribicola Using In Vitro Screening Method
D. Noshad and J.N. King

Resistance Gene Management: Concepts and Practice
Christopher C. Mundt

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology of Resistance and Tolerance — Natural Systems

An Overview of Ecological and Evolutionary Research on Disease in Natural Systems: An Annotated Reference List
Helen M. Alexander

What Do We Know About Mechanisms for Tolerating Pathogens, and Can Tolerance Be Applied to Managing Tree Diseases?
Bitty A. Roy

Approaches to Understanding the Impact of Life-History Features on Plant-Pathogen Co-Evolutionary Dynamics
Jeremy J. Burdon, Peter H. Thrall, and Adnane Nemri

Integrating Regeneration, Genetic Resistance, and Timing of Intervention for the Long-Term Sustainability of Ecosystems Challenged by Non-Native Pests - A Novel Proactive Approach
A.W. Schoettle, J.G. Klutsch, and R.A. Sniezko

Plant Compensatory Growth in Aspen Seedlings: The Role of Frequency and Intensity of Herbivory and Resource Availability
Nadir Erbilgin, David A. Galvez, and Bin Zhang

Trade-Offs Between Induced and Constitutive Resistance in Two Pine Species: Secondary Chemistry, Effective Antiherbivore-Resistance, and Effect of Nutrient Availability
Luis Sampedro, Xoaquín Moreira, and Rafael Zas

Host Preference of the Vector Beetle, Host Resistance, and Expanding Pattern of Japanese Oak Wilt in a Stand
Kazuyoshi Futai, Hiroaki Kiku, Hong-ye Qi, Hagus Tarn, Yuko Takeuchi, and Michimasa Yamasaki

The Effect of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Infestation on Water Relations of Carolina and Eastern Hemlock
Laura Rivera, JC Domec, John Frampton, Fred Hain, John King, and Ben Smith

Genotype x Environment Interaction and Growth Stability of Several Elm Clones Resistant to Dutch Elm Disease
Alberto Santini, Francesco Pecori, Alessia L. Pepori, and Luisa Ghelardini

Rapid Evolution of Introduced Tree Pathogens Via Episodic Selection and Horizontal Gene Transfer
Clive Brasier

Dynamics of Surviving Ash (Fraxinus spp.) Populations in Areas Long Infested by Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis)
Kathleen S. Knight, Daniel Herms, Reid Plumb, Eileen Sawyer, Daniel Spalink, Elizabeth Pisarczyk, Bernadette Wiggin, Rachel Kappler, Emily Ziegler, and Karen Menard

Coast Live Oak Resistance to Phytophthora ramorum
B.A. McPherson, David L. Wood, Sylvia R. Mori, and Pierluigi Bonello

Relationship Between Field Resistance to Phytophthora ramorum and Constitutive Phenolic Chemistry of Coast Live Oak
A.M. Nagle, B.A. McPherson, D.L. Wood, M. Garbelotto, A.O. Conrad, S. Opiyo, and P. Bonello

Modeling Elm Growth and Dutch Elm Disease Susceptibility
Alberto Santini and Luisa Ghelardini

Altered Distribution of Susceptibility Phenotypes Implies Environmental Modulation of Genetic Resistance
Thomas R. Gordon and Neil McRoberts

Latent Infection by Fusarium circinatum Influences Susceptibility of Monterey Pine Seedlings to Pitch Canker
Cassandra L. Swett and Thomas R. Gordon

Breeding for Resistance in Norway Spruce to the Root and Butt Rot Fungi Heterobasidion spp.
G. Swedjemark, A.K. Borg-Karlson, and B. Karlsson

Using Survival Analysis for Assessing Resistance to Phytophthora lateralis in Port-Orford-Cedar Families
Sylvia R. Mori, Richard A. Sniezko, Angelia Kegley, and Jim Hamlin

Molecular and Genomics Tools in Resistance Programs

Integrating Molecular Tools and Conventional Approaches in the Oregon State University Hazelnut Breeding Program
Shawn A. Mehlenbacher

High-Resolution Genetic and Physical Mapping of Eastern Filbert Blight Resistance in Hazelnut
Vidyasagar Sathuvalli and Shawn A. Mehlenbacher

Molecular and Genetic Basis for Partial Resistance of Western White Pine against Cronartium ribicola
Jun-Jun Liu, Arezoo Zamany, and Richard Sniezko

Mapping Resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi in Chestnut (Castanea sp.)
Bode A. Olukolu, C. Dana Nelson, and Albert G. Abbott

Evaluating Resistance

Methods for Screening Port-Orford-Cedar for Resistance to Phytophthora lateralis
Everett M. Hansen, Paul Reeser, Wendy Sutton, and Richard A. Sniezko

Resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi in the Genus Abies
John Frampton, Fikret Isik, Mike Benson, Jaroslav Kobliha, and Jan Stejskal

Host Resistance Screening for Balsam Woolly Adelgid: A Comparison of Seedlings From 12 Fir Species
Leslie Newton, John Frampton, and Fred Hain

Resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi Among Seedlings From Backcross Families of Hybrid American Chestnut
Steven N. Jeffers, Inga M. Meadows, Joseph B. James, and Paul H. Sisco

Screening for Resistance to Beech Bark Disease: Improvements and Results from Seedlings and Grafted Field Selections
Jennifer L. Koch, Mary E. Mason, and David W. Carey

Breeding Resistance to Butternut Canker Disease
James McKenna, Keith Woeste, and Michael Ostry

Towards the Development of a Laurel Wilt Screening Program in Redbay (Persea borbonia)
Marc Hughes and Jason Smith

Breeding Eucalyptus for Disease Resistance
Edival A.V. Zauza, Acelino Couto Alfenas, Lúcio Mauro da Silva Guimarães, and João Flávio da Silva

Fusiform Rust Resistance - Southern Pines

Identification of Pathogen Avirulence Genes in the Fusiform Rust Pathosystem
John M. Davis, Katherine E. Smith, Amanda Pendleton, Jason A. Smith, and C. Dana Nelson

Tandem Selection for Fusiform Rust Disease Resistance to Develop a Clonal Elite Breeding Population of Loblolly Pine
Steve McKeand, Saul Garcia, Josh Steiger, Jim Grissom, Ross Whetten, and Fikret Isik

Bulked Fusiform Rust Inocula and Fr Gene Interactions in Loblolly Pine
Fikret Isik, Henry Amerson, Saul Garcia, Ross Whetten, and Steve McKeand

Selection of Loblolly Pine Varieties Resistant to Fusiform Rust for Commercial Deployment
Andy Benowicz and Robert J. Weir

Resistance Breeding Programs

The American Chestnut Foundation Breeding Program
F.V. Hebard

Breeding Strategies for the Development of Emerald Ash Borer - Resistant North American Ash
Jennifer L. Koch, David W. Carey, Kathleen S. Knight, Therese Poland, Daniel A. Herms, and Mary E. Mason

Breeding for Disease Resistance in Hevea spp. - Status, Potential Threats, and Possible Strategies
Chaendaekattu Narayanan and Kavitha K. Mydin

Developing a Disease Resistance Research Program for Tanoaks
Katherine J. Hayden, Jessica W. Wright, Richard S. Dodd, and Matteo Garbelotto

Genetic Variation in Resistance to Pine Pitch Canker and Western Gall Rust in Monterey Pine (Pinus radiata D. Don): Results From a Three-Country Collaborative Field Trial
A.C. Matheson, W.R. Mark, G. Stovold, C. Balocchi, N. Smith, and C. Brassey

Genetic Selection in Coastal Douglas-fir for Tolerance to Swiss Needle Cast Disease
Keith J.S. Jayawickrama, David Shaw, and Terrance Z. Ye

White Pine Blister Rust Resistance in Pinus monticola and P. albicaulis in the Pacific Northwest U.S. - A Tale of Two Species
Richard A. Sniezko, Angelia Kegley, and Robert Danchok

Shoot Winter Injury and Nut Cold Tolerance: Possible Limitations for American Chestnut Restoration in Cold Environments?
Thomas M. Saielli, Paul G. Schaberg, Gary J. Hawley, Joshua M. Halman, and Kendra M. Gurney


Screening Sitka Spruce for Resistance to Weevil Damage in British Columbia
René I. Alfaro and John N. King

Developing Clones of Eucalyptus cloeziana Resistant to Rust (Puccinia psidii)
Rafael F. Alfenas, Marcelo M. Coutinho, Camila S. Freitas, Rodrigo G. Freitas, and Acelino C. Alfenas

Screening for Resistance to Fusiform Rust in Southern United States Forest Trees
Josh Bronson

Variation in the Development of Current Season Needle Necrosis on Noble, Nordmann, and Turkish Fir Christmas Trees in the United States Pacific Northwest
Gary A. Chastagner, Kathy Riley, and Chal Landgren

Frequency of Hypersensitive-Like Reaction and Stem Infections in a Large Full-Sib Family of Pinus monticola
Robert S. Danchok, R.A. Sniezko, S. Long, A. Kegley, D. Savin, J.B. Mayo, J.J. Liu, and J. Hill

Operational Disease Screening Program for Resistance to Wilt in Acacia koa in Hawaii
Nick Dudley, Robert James, Richard Sniezko, Phil Cannon, Aileen Yeh, Tyler Jones, and Michael Kaufmann

A First Look at Genetic Variation in Resistance to the Root Pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi using a Range-wide Collection of Pacific Madrone (Arbutus menziesii)
Marianne Elliott, Gary Chastagner, Annie DeBauw, Gil Dermott, and Richard A. Sniezko

Range-wide Genetic Variability in Pacific Madrone (Arbutus menziesii): Examining Disease Resistance, Growth, and Survival in a Common Garden Study
Marianne Elliott, Gary A. Chastagner, Gil Dermott, Alan Kanaskie, Richard A. Sniezko, and Jim Hamlin

Development of Screening Trials to Rank Pinus radiata Gentoypes for Resistance to Defoliation by Monterey Pine Aphid (Essigella californica)
Stephen Elms, Peter Ades, and Nick Collet

Tree-Mediated Interactions Between the Jack Pine Budworm and a Mountain Pine Beetle Fungal Associate
Nadir Erbilgin and Jessie Colgan

The Chapter Breeding Program of the American Chestnut Foundation
Sara Fitzsimmons, Kendra Gurney, William White, and Katy McCune

Needle Terpenoid Composition of Pinus halepensis (Mill.) Trees Infested by the Scale Insect Marchalina hellenica (Genn.) in Greece
Athanassios Gallis, Carlos Arrabal, Aristotle C. Papageorgiou, and Maria C. Garcia-Vallejo

Genetic Variation of Piperidine Alkaloids in Pinus ponderosa From a Common Garden
Elizabeth A. Gerson, Rick G. Kelsey, and J. Bradley St. Clair

Gene Expression in the Tanoak-Phytophthora ramorum Interaction
Katherine J. Hayden, Matteo Garbelotto, Hardeep Rai, Brian Knaus, Richard Cronn, and Jessica W. Wright

Blister Rust Resistance Among 19 Families of Whitebark Pine, Pinus albicaulis, From Oregon and Washington - Early Results From an Artificial Inoculation Trial
Angelia Kegley, Richard A. Sniezko, Robert Danchok, and Douglas P. Savin

Interaction of an Invasive Bark Beetle with a Native Forest Pathogen: Potential Effect of Dwarf Mistletoe on Range Expansion of Mountain Pine Beetle in Jack Pine Forests
Jennifer Klutsch and Nadir Erbilgin

Using Dutch Elm Disease-Tolerant Elm to Restore Floodplains Impacted by Emerald Ash Borer
Kathleen S. Knight, James M. Slavicek, Rachel Kappler, Elizabeth Pisarczyk, Bernadette Wiggin, and Karen Menard

Quantitative Trait Loci for Resistance to Two Fungal Pathogens in Quercus robur
Cécile Robin, Amira Mougou-Hamdane, Jean-Marc Gion, Antoine Kremer, and Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau

Testing Resistance to Chestnut Blight of Hybrid Chestnuts
Cécile Robin, Xavier Capdevielle, Gilles Saint-Jean, and Teresa Barreneche

The Italian Elm Breeding Program for Dutch Elm Disease Resistance
Alberto Santini, Francesco Pecori, and Luisa Ghelardini

Patterns of Resistance to Cronartium ribicola in Pinus aristata, Rocky Mountain Bristlecone Pine
A.W. Schoettle, R.A. Sniezko, A. Kegley, R. Danchok, and K.S. Burns

Development of Methods for the Restoration of the American Elm in Forested Landscapes
James M. Slavicek

Generation of American Elm Trees with Tolerance to Dutch Elm Disease Through Controlled Crosses and Selection
James M. Slavicek and Kathleen S. Knight

Breeding for Resistance to Adelgids in Abies fraseri, Tsuga canadensis, and T. caroliniana
Ben Smith, Fred Hain, and John Frampton

Nine Year Survival of 16 Phytophthora lateralis Resistant and Susceptible Port-Orford-Cedar Families in a Southern Oregon Field Trial
Richard A. Sniezko, Jim Hamlin, Everett Hansen, and Sunny Lucas

White Pine Blister Rust Resistance of 12 Western White Pine Families at Three Field Sites in the Pacific Northwest
Richard A. Sniezko, Robert Danchok, Jim Hamlin, Angelia Kegley, Sally Long, and James Mayo

Are Needle Reactions in Resistance to Cronartium ribicola a Hypersensitivity Response?
Katarina Sweeney, Jeffrey Stone, Kathy Cook, Richard Sniezko, Angelia Kegley, and Anna Schoettle

The Potential of Breeding for Enhanced Inducibility in Pinus pinaster and Pinus radiata
Rafael Zas, Alejandro Solla, Xoaquin Moreira, and Luis Sampedro