USDA Forest Service

Pacific Southwest Research Station

Pacific Southwest
Research Station

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Albany, CA 94710-0011
(510) 883-8830
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Publications and Products

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General Technical Report

Title: Managing Sierra Nevada forests

Author: North, Malcolm, ed.

Date: 2012

Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-237. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 184 p.

Station ID: GTR-PSW-237

Description:  There has been widespread interest in applying new forest practices based on concepts presented in U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-220, "An Ecosystem Management Strategy for Sierran Mixed-Conifer Forests." This collection of papers (PSW-GTR-237) summarizes the state of the science in some topics relevant to this forest management approach, presents case studies of collaborative planning efforts and field implementation of these new practices, and clarifies some of the concepts presented in GTR 220. It also describes a method for assessing forest heterogeneity at the stand level using the Forest Vegetation Simulator and a new geographic information system tool for projectlevel planning that classifies a landscape into different topographic categories. While this collection of papers presents information and applications relevant to implementation, it does not offer standards and prescriptions. Forest management should be flexible to adapt to local forest conditions and stakeholder interests. This report does, however, strive to clarify concepts and present examples that may improve communication with stakeholders and help build common ground for collaborative forest management.

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North, Malcolm, ed. 2012. Managing Sierra Nevada forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-237. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 184 p.


  1. Chapter 1: Fire and Fuels Reduction
    B.M. Collins and S.L. Stephens
  2. Chapter 2: Forest Health and Bark Beetles
    C.J. Fettig
  3. Chapter 3: Climate Change and the Relevance of Historical Forest Conditions
    H.D. Safford, M. North, and M.D. Meyer
  4. Chapter 4: Fishers and American Martens
    K.L. Purcell, C.M. Thompson, and W.J. Zielinski
  5. Chapter 5: California Spotted Owls
    S. Roberts and M. North
  6. Chapter 6: Managing Forests for Wildlife Communities
    M. North and P. Manley
  7. Chapter 7: Developing Collaboration and Cooperation
    G. Bartlett
  8. Chapter 8: Using GTR 220 to Build Stakeholder Collaboration
    C. Thomas
  9. Chapter 9: Marking and Assessing Forest Heterogeneity
    M. North and J. Sherlock
  10. Chapter 10: Geographic Information System Landscape Analysis Using GTR 220 Concepts
    M. North, R.M. Boynton, P.A. Stine, K.F. Shipley, E.C. Underwood, N.E. Roth, J.H. Viers, and J.F. Quinn
  11. Chapter 11: Dinkey North and South Project
    M. North and R. Rojas
  12. Chapter 12: The Variable-Density Thinning Study at Stanislaus-Tuolumne Experimental Forest
    E. Knapp, M. North, M. Benech, and B. Estes
  13. Chapter 13: Applying GTR 220 Concepts on the Sagehen Experimental Forest
    P. Stine and S. Conway
  14. Chapter 14: Clarifying Concepts
    M. North and P. Stine
  15. Chapter 15: A Desired Future Condition for Sierra Nevada Forests
    M. North
  16. Appendix: Examples of Forest Structures That May Provide Wildlife Habitat
    D. Walsh and M. North