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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle - examining the effects of ungulates on ecosystems"


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Starkey Publications: Holthausen, Richard
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PublicationHolthausen, R. S., M. J. Wisdom, J. Pierce, D. K. Edwards, and M. M. Rowland. 1994. Using expert opinion to evaluate a habitat effectiveness model for elk. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research Paper PNW-RP-479, Portland, OR.

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"Long-term studies of elk, deer, and cattle in managed forests."
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