USDA Forest Service

Pacific Northwest Research Station

Pacific Northwest Research Station
1220 SW 3rd Ave.
Portland, OR 97204

(503) 808-2100

US Forest Service



A GIS-based tool for linking field and digital stream data.

This tool based on a geographic information system matches stream-survey data to digitally produced stream layers created with NetStream software. The output is a shapefile of survey reaches with both the survey data and attributes associated with the digitally produced stream layer (e.g., drainage area, gradient, and valley width). It enables users to extrapolate survey results to unsurveyed streams by using GIS to estimate habitat abundance, potential fish abundance, or fish carrying capacity, for example.

How to get it:

Contact: Kelly Burnett,, Ecological Process and Function Program


Analyzing climate change effects on wildlife and habitats in the western Arctic, Alaska

This work provides a template and procedure for combining sources of models, data, and expert knowledge pertaining to forecasting climate change effects on hydrology, vegetation, wildlife habitats, and wildlife species.

Contact: Bruce Marcot,, Ecological Process and Function Program


Aquatic and riparian state and transition models for the Blue Mountains of northeastern Oregon and the northern Oregon Coast Range.

These state and transition models simulate the effects of plant succession, natural disturbance, landuse and restoration practices on conditions of riparian forests, channel morphology, and salmon habitat. State classes in the models are defined by channel morphology and riparian vegetation. Transitions are defined by plant succession, natural disturbances (floods, debris flows, wildfires, native ungulate browsing), landuse activities (fuels treatments, timber harvests, livestock grazing) and restoration practices (planting riparian hardwoods, exclusion of domestic livestock or native ungulate browsing). Habitat suitability rankings for anadromous salmonids (migration, spawning, winter rearing, summer rearing) are derived from channel and vegetation attributes associated with each state in the models.


BlueSky Framework

A modular modeling system that enables fire information, consumption, and smoke modeling. BlueSky modularly links a variety of independent models of fire information, fuel loading, fire consumption, fire emissions, and smoke dispersion.



Community Socioeconomic Information System (CSIS)

This tool allows users to retrieve 1990 and 2000 U.S. census data to examine conditions and trends for communities in western Washington, western Oregon, and northern California. The tool includes socioeconomic data for 1,314 communities in the entire region, including incorporated and unincorporated places.


Digital Photo Series

Digital Photo Series (DPS), a web-based project to provide the Natural Fuels Photo Series data in electronic form. Here you'll find data from all 16 volumes published to date with 42 photo series containing a total of 438 sites in database form to enable searching, downloading, and eventually side-by-side comparisons and customized site generation. The DPS diverges from the published volumes both in content and presentation. In many cases we've added more information than was published (e.g., land owner and Bailey's ecoregion), in others, data have been rearranged and terminology (e.g., field names, table headings) altered to standardize among the sites.


Equations for Evaluating Nutritional Quality of Available Moose Forage

These equations for evaluating the nutritional quality of moose forages are based on laboratory analyses of small quantities of forage samples. Prior to their development, predictive equations for quantifying the nutritional quality of wild, native forages for moose in their natural habitats did not exist.

How to get it: Spalinger, D.E.; Collins, W.B.; Hanley, T.A.; Cassara, N.E.; Carnahan, A.M. 2010. The impact of tannins on protein, dry matter, and energy digestion in moose (Alces alces). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 88: 977-987.

Contact: Tom Hanley,, Ecological Process and Function Program


Forest Sector Carbon Calculator

This online tool allows users to compare how stores of carbon in the forest and in forest products change over time following forest harvest and wildfire. The calculator is designed to give users a way to compare the short- and long-term effects of different forest management practices, wildfire occurrence, and assumptions about forest product use. It contains tutorials and produces graphs and data that can be downloaded for further analysis. It is intended to complement more technical models that are used to give precise estimates of actual levels of carbon storage for particular stands or landscapes with good forest inventory information.


Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS)

Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) is a family of forest growth simulation models. The basic FVS model structure has been calibrated to unique geographic areas to produce individual FVS variants. Since its initial development in 1973, it has become a system of highly integrated analytical tools. These tools are based upon a body of scientific knowledge developed from decades of natural resources research. New versions of the Pacific Northwest Coast and West Cascades variants were developed to improve its ability to accurately predict the growth and survival of Oregon white oak.



FP_DECK is a web-based planning tool that electronically archives Forest Service Land and Resource Management plans in a searchable database. Plan directions from forest plans across the US are compiled in a common location accessible through any web browser. Also included in the database are plans that may supercede forest direction such as the NW Forest Plan and Greater Sage Grouse Records of Decision. Directions are tagged with keywords describing activities affected by the direction, resources protected by the direction and geographical location for those directions. This allows anyone to conduct a search on an individual forest or across multiple forests based on a topic of interest (ie, Forest Service activities, protected resources and/or mappable locations including more specific geographical features or more general locations).


Green Cities: Good Health

This Web site presents concise summaries on the benefits of urban trees and green spaces, based on more than 1,700 scientific articles. Key findings are presented for multiple audiences, such as resource managers in local government, conservation groups, and nongovernmental organizations. The research evidence about the benefits of the human experience of nature in cities indicates proximity to nature can lead to stress reduction, healing, better learning and work productivity, and improved social dynamics in communities. All of these findings have broad implications, from human capital enhancement, to community cohesion, to economic costs and benefits.


Hand-Piled Fuels Biomass Calculator

This calculator was developed to help fuel managers and air quality regulators manage hand-piled fuels and coordinate piled-fuel disposal through prescribed burning. By using easily measured dimensions, the user can estimate the volume and biomass of hand-piled fuels and the emissions produced when those piled fuels are burned. The estimation equations were developed from field measurement. The developers presented the calculator at the Joint Fire Science Program Biomass Roundtable, which prompted a request and additional funding to further develop and enhance this tool for fuel management.


Incident Command Tool for Protecting Drinking Water (ICWater) v. 3:

This software informs incident commanders and other first responders about risks to drinking water as they mount an effective emergency response. It now includes effects from deposition of toxic materials from airborne plumes and tidal influence on riverflows in coastal areas.


LandTrendr and TimeSync:

These tools are used in tandem to detect trends in forest disturbance and recovery. LandTrendr (Landsat-based detection of Trends in Disturbance and Recovery) is a mapping tool that automatically extracts information on land surface changes (e.g., fire, insect and disease damage, timber harvesting or regrowth) from Landsat satellite imagery. TimeSync is a companion image interpretation software tool for synchronizing algorithm and human interpretations of Landsat imagery. These tools capture both short-duration events such as harvest and fire, and long-term trends such as declines in forest health and regrowth. Researchers can use these new tools to comprehensively map change over every Landsat pixel (30 m) since 1972 in forested ecosystems and understand the accuracy of the maps.


Modeling the Effect of Fire on Aquatic Systems

These models predict the potential of fire to alter critical in-stream salmon habitat by modeling a fire's potential to facilitate delivery of fine sediments and large wood to stream channels. They are based on the geomorphology of stream channels combined with complex models of fire behavior and fire intensity across the landscape.

Contact: Rebecca Flitcroft,, Land and Watershed Management Program.



Now with climate change component

NetMap is a Web-based platform for doing cost-effective, timely watershed and landscape analyses. NetMap contains models that allow the user to conduct analyses on various parameters that influence aquatic ecosystems such as wood recruitment, erosion sources, and potential habitat. It now hosts a climate change component that includes projected changes in seasonal hydrographs, changes in the likely location of snow-to-rain transition zones, and thermal loading.


New model predicts marten age based on genetic material

Researchers developed a Bayesian network model that can be used to predict the age of martens based on chromosomal evidence and other environmental factors. This is the first model of its kind–calibrated and tested with empirical data–that can accurately predict a marten's age by using hair samples or other genetic material collected without actually trapping the animal.

How to get it: Pauli, J.N.; Whiteman, J.P.; Marcot, B.G. [et al.]. 2011. DNA-based approach to aging martens (Martes americana and M. caurina). Journal of Mammalogy. 92(3): 500-510.

Contact: Bruce Marcot,, Ecological Process and Function Program


Northern Spotted Owl Dispersal Assessment Tool

This tool is used to assess northern spotted owl dispersal habitat. It has a stand-level habitat quality component based on the Ecosystem Management Decision-Support system. These results are further assessed for connectivity by using customized programming based on graph theory.

Contact Sean Gordon, sgordon@fs.fed.usEcological Process and Function Program



This tool allows users to work with the database populated and maintained by the Pacific Northwest Research Station's Forest Inventory and Analysis team. Users can answer questions about the status and trends of forest resources by summarizing data on live and dead trees, down woody materials (fuels), and understory vegetation.



Production, Prices, Employment, and Trade in Northwest Forest Industries

This online resource offers downloadable data on the current timber situation in Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California, Montana, Idaho, and British Columbia, as well as 50 years of historical data. Data sets include lumber and plywood production and prices; timber harvest; employment in forest products industries; international trade in logs, pulpwood, chips, lumber, veneer, and plywood; log prices in the Pacific Northwest; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies. The extensive data sets can be downloaded into Microsoft Excel®, a commonly-used program. This online version complements the printed quarterly publication by the same name that has been published continuously since 1963.


Reference Guild on the Effects of Fire, Insect, and Pathogen Damage on Wood Quality of Dead and Dying Western Conifers:

Summarizes information on deterioration rates of western configers and the potential suitablity of the wood for commercial use. We update and expand the 1992 survey of research findings by Lowell and colleagues, providing an ecological context for the findings, using a more reader-friendly format, and including extensive citations so readers can get indepth information on particular topics. Our intent is that managers will use this report as a desktop reference and field guide. The worksheet can be copied and taken to the field, as a reminder of key indicators to look for and key questions to ask. With a visual assessment process, potential volume and value losses associated with disturbance can be estimated for postdisturbance management planning.




Riparian Management Explorer

This tool is used to explore the implications of different riparian management options for future wood recruitment and abundance of in-stream wood. The Riparian Management Explorer illustrates how differences in riparian-management buffer widths and thinning prescriptions within each buffer affect expected recruitment rates and abundances of large wood. The tool is flexible, accommodating different stand-growth models, topography, bole-taper equations, and bank erosion rates. Results, using either wood volume or number of pieces, can be viewed graphically for (1) recruitment rate and in-stream abundance over time, or (2) the amount of wood accumulated as a function of distance from the channel edge at a specific future date. Results can be formulated in terms of wood-piece diameter, the diameter of the source trees, and by source-tree species classes (hardwood or conifer).


Seedlot Selection Tool

The Seedlot Selection Tool is a GIS mapping program designed to help forest managers match seedlots with planting sites based on climate information. The tool can be used to map current climates, or future climates based on selected climate change scenarios.




Threat Mapper

Threat Mapper employs several new technologies for wildland threat detection, mapping, and assessment. It includes an interactive, online mapping system that intergrates risk maps gerated by the Forest Service and other land management agencies. Users are able to examine spatial patterns of multiple thereats and the human and eclological values they ptoentially affect.

How to get it: /wwetac/threat_map/

Contact: Alan Ager,, Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center


Tribal Climate Change Project Profiles

With their close cultural and economic relationship to the land, American Indian and Alaska Native tribes face disproportionate risks associated with climate change. Station scientists have developed information tools to help build awareness of the unique problems faced by tribal stakeholders in addressing natural resource issues, as well as their innovative approaches to adaptation. These profiles summarize climate change mitigation and adaptation projects implemented around the United States to share success stories and provide examples for others to learn from. In addition, profiles include information on available resources, key contacts, and government programs that can provide services or grants.


Virtual Trail for Olympic Habitat Development Study

This interactive Web site features photos, maps, and original artwork. Visitors can explore a study site on the Olympic Peninsula and learn about some of the silvicultural techniques that have been suggested for use in accelerating the development of structures and ecological communities associated with old-growth forests.




Wildland Fire Air Quality Tools

This new Web portal site centralizes access to a number of air quality tools, making it both easier and faster to obtain information for planned prescribed fires and unplanned wildland fires. The site includes several help features, including a glossary and phone- based technical assistance.




Software & Application


BIOPAK (Means, et al. 1994) is a menu-driven package of computer programs for personal computers that calculates the biomass, area, height, length, or volume of plant components (leaves, branches, stem, crown, and roots) and biomass by fuels size classes using existing prediction equations. Most of the 1150 equations in the equation library currently available as part of BIOPAK were developed in the Pacific Northwest, including southeast Alaska.

BIOPAK User's Guide


BioSum 5

Bioregional Inventory Originated Simulation Under Management

Biosum provides simulation-based analytical tools that leverage data from FIA — the nation's forest census — to predict, and statistically summarize over multi-million acre forested landscapes, the consequences of forest management strategies. Management strategies can be multi-objective, vary among owner groups, evolve over time, and be contingent on targeted sets of specific site and vegetation attributes. As many as hundreds of alternative silvicultural sequences can be simulated, evaluated and compared and best alternatives selected for each forested acre via user defined heuristics.



Consume 3.0

CONSUME is a user-friendly software application designed for resource managers and scientists with some working knowledge of Microsoft Windows® applications. Land managers and researchers input fuel characteristics, lighting patterns, fuel conditions, and meteorological attributes, then CONSUME outputs fuel consumption and emissions by combustion phase.

CONSUME 3.0 is designed to import data directly from the Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS), and the output is formatted to feed other models and provide usable outputs for burn plan preparation and smoke management requirements. Additionally, training and a user’s manual are available. CONSUME can be used for most forest, shrub and grasslands in North America.


Ecosystem Management Decision-Support (EMDS) System v. 5.0Ecosystem Management Decision-Support (EMDS) System v. 6.0

The Ecosystem Management Decision Support (EMDS) system is a state-of-the-art modeling framework that supports decisions of environmental analysis and planning at multiple geographic scales. The system integrates the latest technology from geographic information systems (GIS) as well as logic-based reasoning and a variety of decision modeling technologies. This provides explicit, practical decision support for strategic and tactical planning as well as adaptive management. Because EMDS is a generic solution framework, it can be applied to an extremely broad array of problems at virtually all spatial scales.


Fire Emission Production Simulator (FEPS)

Fire Emission Production Simulator (FEPS) is a user-friendly computer program designed for scientists and resource managers with some working knowledge of Microsoft Windows applications. The software manages data concerning consumption, emissions and heat release characteristics of prescribed burns and wildland fires.



FishXing 3.0

This interactive software tool with over 150 new features has been released to assist engineers, hydrologists, and fish biologists in the evaluation and design of culverts for aquatic organism passage.




Fuel Characteristic Classification System, Version 3.0

The Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS) was designed to build and catalog fuelbeds by using inventoried fuel data, photo series, or literature. Fuelbeds span the canopy to the ground and have been mapped for the continental United States. The system predicts surface fire behavior including reaction intensity, flame length, and rate of spread; and surface fire behavior, crown fire, and available fuel potential using a 9-point index. Version 2.2 was released in 2011 with refined fire behavior equations, a total carbon calculator, and options for both metric and English units. Station scientists are working with the University of Aveiro, Portugal, and the University of Alcala, Spain, to build FCCS fuelbeds representing Portugal and the world.


Fuel Characteristics Classification System/Forest Vegetation Simulator Postprocessor

The Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) is used to predict forest stand dynamics. It is used extensively throughout the United States. The Fire and Fuels Extension to FVS, when combined with the Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS), has the potential to model fire effects and succession more realistically and with higher resolution. Postprocessors are stand-alone applications that extend the capabilities of a model. This new postprocessor will integrate the effects of silvicultural and surface fuel treatments, using realistic fuels and making the fuels component more visible, user friendly, and flexible within the modeling system.


Fusion/LDV FUSION/LDV (version 3.50)

FUSION/LiDAR data viewer (LDV) software is used worldwide in research, academia, and industry to process LiDAR data and then use the data to model vegetation structure over large areas. The visualization system consists of two main programs, FUSION and LDV (LIDAR data viewer), implemented as Microsoft Windows applications coded in C++ using the Microsoft Foundation Classes. The primary interface, provided by FUSION, consists of a graphics display window and a control window. The FUSION display presents all project data using a 2-D display typical of geographic information systems. It supports a variety of data types and formats but requires that all data be geo-referenced using the same projection system and units of measurement. LDV provides the 3-D visualization environment, based on OpenGL, for the examination of spatially-explicit data subsets.

Version 3.50 includes a tool to compute topographic metrics using bare-earth surface models. It computes basic metrics describing the terrain shape and orientation along with a topographic position index that compares local and surrounding topography. When computed using large window sizes, this index informs analyses of landform shape and position and has proven useful when looking at factors influencing overall vegetation patterns across a landscape and assessing things such as moisture-related stress or solar input into riparian areas. When small windows sizes are considered, the index helps identify local topographic features that influence vegetation patterns or serve as resting sites for animals.


LTERMapS Internet Mapping Application

LTERMapS Internet Mapping Application uses Google Maps technology to provide information on Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites. The U.S. LTER network comprises 26 sites representing a diverse array of ecosystems. With this new tool, users can view current weather at all LTER sites, zoom into individual sites, and view aerial images (provided by Google). The tool provides a consistent interface to brief site descriptions, a photo library, list of contacts, and links to individual LTER site Web pages.


My Fuel Treatment Planner (MyFTP)

MyFTP is designed to allow planners working at the level of a national forest district or similarly sized unit to estimate costs, revenues, economic impacts, and surface fuels resulting from operations designed to reduce fuel loads in fire-prone forests. The software is limited in scope to the dry forests of the western United States. MyFTP is a spreadsheet application developed with Microsoft® Excel® 2002. Its compatibility with spreadsheet software other than Microsoft Excel has not been tested. MyFTP has, however, been tested successfully with Excel 2002-2003 and with Excel 2007.


SnagPRO (Version 1.0)

SnagPro software analyzes log, snag, and tree densities based on peer-reviewed, scientific sampling protocols. It was specifically developed to analyze log, snag, and tree data in support of sampling methods presented in general technical reports (Bate and others, PNW-GTR-746, and PNW-GTR-780) published by the PNW Research Station in 2008. SnagPRO provides example field sheets for data collection as well as a user-friendly, spreadsheet-based process for data input and analyses. SnagPro also provides recommendations for optimizing sample design (sample size and sample stratification) based on pilot surveys. Finally, SnagPRO provides a wide range of statistical analyses and output to meet a variety of analysis needs.


Center for Forest Provenance Data

The Center for Forest Provenance Data is a centralized data and information management system designed to archive data from long-term provenance tests and seedling genecology studies and make those data available to facilitate collaboration among researchers. A provenance test is a planting where population samples from different geographical areas are grown together in one or more locations.


Global Bd Mapping Project database

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a disease-causing fungus that is devastating amphibian populations worldwide. This Web-based mapping project facilitates communication between scientists and natural resource managers as they try to learn more about the fungus and assess risk to local amphibian populations.


Quercus Garryana Bibliography Endnote® Database

A comprehensive bibliography for Q. garryana. The citations in the bibliography pertain primarily to Q. garryana; however, some references pertain to geographically associated oaks in southern Oregon and California, Q. alba (an eastern species closely related to Q. garryana), and general information about the genus Quercus. There are 488 citations that refer to Q. garryana, 191 that pertain to geographically associated oaks, 131 that pertain to Q. alba, and 27 general oak citations.

US Forest Service - Pacific Northwest Research Station
Last Modified: Wednesday,14November2018 at15:39:35CST

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