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FOREST SERVICE HANDBOOK
PORTLAND, OREGON
2409.11a  CUBIC SCALING HANDBOOK
R6 Supplement No. 2409.11a982
Effective September 2, 1998
POSTING NOTICE. Supplements to this handbook are numbered consecutively. Check the last transmittal sheet received for this handbook to see that the above supplement number is in sequence. If not, obtain intervening supplement (s) at once from the Information Center. Do not post this supplement until the missing one(s) is received and posted. After posting, place the transmittal at the front of the title and retain until the first transmittal of the next calendar year is received.
Superseded New
Document Name Number of Pages
2409.11a, 214 0 3
Pages 23 are in paper copy only.
Digest:
214 This supplement changes the method used to obtain large end diameters on butt logs while cubic scaling. This procedure is for measuring all butt diameters.
ROBERT W. WILLIAMS
Regional Forester
FSH 2409.11a  National Forest Cubic Scaling Handbook
R6/PNW Suppplement 2409.11a,982
Effective
CHAPTER 20 Cubic Log Scaling Rules
Part 214  Determining the Large End Diameter of Butt Logs.
Region 6 Cubic Butt Rule
Use the procedure below for measuring all butt diameters:
1. Measure the butt end diameters inside the bark.
2. Measure through the geometric (true) center of the log end, cross
section.
3. Avoid measuring over stem abnormalities, such as bumps and depressions,
if possible. Otherwise measure as if such conditions were absent.
4. Read the measurement device straight on, not from the side.
5. Take a pair of diameter measurements at right angles to each other.
Measure the short axis first, then take the second measurement at right
angles to the first measurement. Average these two measurements.
6. Measure diameter to the nearest inch. Round exact onehalf inch
measurements before averaging.
a. when one measurement is on the the half inch mark, round up.
b. when both measurements fall on the half inch marks, round one up
and one down before averaging.
7. Drop the fraction when the average of the two measurements is not a
whole number. If the average diameter is on a half inch mark, for example
23.5 inches, round down for the final scaling diameter; that is to 23
inches.
8. After you have taken the actual butt measurement, from the previous
steps 1 through 7, apply the following formula to determine the recorded
large end diameter. This represents the diameter at 4 feet above the butt
end.
From the actual butt diameter, subtract the small end diameter of the log
regardless of the log length. Raise the difference until divisible by 3, divide
by 3 and subtract from the actual butt diameter.
EXAMPLE: Two right angle actual butt measurements on the butt end are 23 inches
and 19 inches. Average 23 and 19, actual butt diameter equals 21 inches. The
small end diameter is 17 inches. Subtract 17" from 21" equals 4" difference.
Raise 4" until divisible by 3, which is 6". Divide by 3 which equals 2".
Subtract 2" from the actual butt diameter of 21, the recorded large end
diameter equals 19 inches.
OR
A simplified process is to take the difference between the small end and actual
butt diameter and look up the inch difference on the chart below and subtract
the indicated number of inches from the actual butt diameter to obtain the
recorded large end diameter.
Inch(es) difference
1"
2" subtract 1 inch from actual butt diameter
3"
4"
5" subtract 2 inches from actual butt diameter
6"
7"
8" subtract 3 inches from actual butt diameter
9"
10"
11" subtract 4 inches from actual butt diameter
12"
13"
14" subtract 5 inches from actual butt diameter
15"
16"
17" subtract 6 inches from actual butt diameter
18"
EXAMPLE:
20" actual butt diameter 20" actual butt diameter
15" small end diameter  2" from the 4" to 6" set chart from above
5" difference 18" recorded large end diameter
R/6 PNW Supplement 2409.11a982
Effective September 2, 19982409.11a,20,214
Page 2 of NUMPAGES4
2409.11a,214
Page 1 of NUMPAGES4
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