National Stream & Aquatic Ecology Center
Email Web Manager
USDA Press Releases
2018-9 Conservation of Aquatic Biodiversity in the Context of Multiple-Use Management on National Forest System Lands. B.B. Roper, J.M. Capurso, Y. Paroz, M.K. Young.
2018-8 Longitudinal variability of geomorphic response to floods. J.S. Sholtes, S.E. Yochum, J.A. Scott, B.P. Bledsoe
2018-1 Flow regime alteration degrades ecological networks in riparian ecosystems. J.D. Tonkin, D.M. Merritt, J.D. Olden, L.V. Reynolds, and D.A. Lytle.
2017-8 Effects of closed roads, traffic, and road decommissioning on infiltration and sediment production: A comparative study using rainfall simulations. G. Sosa-Pérez, L.H. MacDonald (funded in part by the NSAEC).
2017-7 Reductions in road sediment production and road-stream connectivity from two decommissioning treatments. G. Sosa-Pérez, L.H. MacDonald (funded in part by the NSAEC).
2017-6 Linking river flow regimes to riparian plant guilds: a community-wide modeling approach. D.A. Lytle, D.M. Merritt, J.D. Tonkin, J.D. Olden, and L.V. Reynolds.
2017-6 Stream power framework for predicting geomorphic change: The 2013 Colorado Front Range flood. S.E. Yochum, J.S. Sholtes, J.A. Scott, B.P. Bledsoe.
2017-1 Functional traits and ecological affinities of riparian plants along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon. E.C. Palmquist, B.E. Ralston, D. Sarr, D.M. Merritt, P.B. Shafroth, and J.A. Scott.
2016-10 The Origin of shallow lakes in the Khorezm Province, Uzbekistan, and the history of pesticide use around these lakes. M.R Rosen, A. Crootof, L. Reidy, L. Saito, B. Nishonov, and J.A. Scott.
2016-7 Hydrogeomorphic and Biotic Drivers of Instream Wood Differ Across Sub-basins of the Columbia River Basin, USA.
N. Hough-Snee, A. Kasprak, R.K. Rossi, N. Bouwes, B.B. Roper, and J.M. Wheaton.
2016-7 Wildfire effects on road surface erosion, deposition, and road–stream connectivity. G. Sosa-Pérez, L.H. MacDonald (funded in part by the NSAEC).
2015-11 Riparian Vegetation Communities of the American Pacific Northwest are Tied to Multi-Scale Environmental Filters.
N. Hough-Snee, B.B. Roper, J.M. Wheaton, and R.L. Lokteff.
2015-10 Multi-scale environmental filters and niche partitioning govern the distributions of riparian vegetation guilds.
N. Hough-Snee, B.G. Laub, D.M. Merritt, A.L. Long, L.L. Nackley, B.B. Roper, and J.M. Wheaton.
2015-2 Alternative standardization approaches to improving streamflow reconstructions with ring-width indices of riparian trees. D.M. Meko, J.M. Friedman, R. Touchan, J.R. Edmondson, E.R. Griffin, and J.A. Scott.
2015-2 Approaches for studying fish production: Do river and lake researchers have different perspectives?
W.A. Wurtsbaugh, N. A. Heredia, B.G. Laub, C.S. Meredith, H.E. Mohn, S.E. Null, D.A. Pluth, B.B. Roper, W.C. Saunders, D.K. Stevens, R.H. Walker, and K. Wheeler.
2015-2 Hydroecological condition and potential for aquaculture in lakes of the arid region of Khorezm, Uzbekistan.
A. Crootof, N. Mullabaev, L. Saito, L. Atwell, M. R. Rosen, M. Bekchonova, E. Ginatullina, J. Scott, S. Chandra, B. Nishonov, J.P.A. Lamers, D. Fayzieva.
2015-1 Empirical evaluation of the conceptual model underpinning a regional aquatic long-term monitoring program using causal modelling. K.M Irvine, S.W. Miller, R.K. Al-Chokhachy, E.K. Archer, B.B. Roper, J.L. Kershner.
2014-11 Effective discharge in Rocky Mountain headwater streams. K. Bunte, S.R. Abt, K.W. Swingle, D.A. Cenderelli.
2014-10 Downstream effects of stream flow diversion on channel characteristics and riparian vegetation in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. S.T. Caskey, T.S. Blaschak, E. Wohl, E. Schnackenberg, D.M. Merritt, K.A. Dwire.
2014-9 Annual Variation of Spawning Cutthroat Trout in a Small Western USA Stream. S. Bennett, R. Al-Chokhachy, B.B. Roper, P. Budy.
2014-9 Are dams regulating diversity of riparian forests? Functional trade-offs and synergies in Mediterranean Europe.
F.C. Aguiar, M.J. Martins, M.D. Bejarano, C. Nilsson, M.M. Portela, P. Segurado, D.M. Merritt.
2014-9 FLOWBASE: a trait-base for Mediterranean riparian Flora. F.C. Aguiar, A. Fabião, M.D. Bejarano, C. Nilsson, D.M. Merritt, M.J. Martins.
2014-8 Riparian vegetation communities of the American Pacific Northwest are tied to multi-scale environmental filters. N. Hough-Snee, B.B. Roper, J.M. Wheaton, R.L. Lokteff.
2014-7 Modeling the functional influence of vegetation type on streambank cohesion. L.E. Polvi, E.E. Wohl, D.M. Merritt.
2014-6 Direct and indirect drivers of instream wood in the interior Pacific Northwest, USA: decoupling climate, vegetation, disturbance, and geomorphic setting. N. Hough-Snee, A. Kasprak, B.B. Roper, and C.S. Meredith.
2014-6 Spatial characterization of roughness elements in high-gradient channels of the Fraser Experimental Forest, Colorado, USA. S.E. Yochum, B.P. Bledsoe, E. Wohl, and G.C.L. David.
2014-5 Reductions in instream wood in streams near roads in the interior Columbia River Basin. C.M. Meredith, B. Roper, E. Archer.
2014-4 Flood Effects on Road–Stream Crossing Infrastructure: Economic and Ecological Benefits of Stream Simulation Designs. N. Gillespie; A. Unthank, L. Campbell, P. Anderson, R. Gubernick, M. Weinhold, D. Cenderelli, B Austin, D. McKinley, S. Wells, J. Rowan, C. Davis, M. Hudy, A. Bowden, A. Singler, E. Fretz, J. Levine, R. Kirn.
2014-3 Riparian responses to reduced flood flows: comparing and contrasting narrowleaf and broadleaf cottonwoods. T. Wilding, J. Sanderson, D.M. Merritt, S.B. Rood, N.L. Poff.
2014-1 Dendroclimatic Potential of Plains Cottonwood (Populus deltoides Subsp. Monilifera) from the Northern Great Plains, USA. J. Edmondson, J. Friedman, D. Meko, R. Touchan, J. Scott, Alan Edmondson
2014-1 Indirect effects of biocontrol of an invasive riparian plant (Tamarix) alters habitat and reduces herpetofauna abundance. H.L. Bateman, D.M. Merritt, E.P. Glenn, P.L. Nagler
2013-11 An assessment of permanent and nonpermanent plots in riparian vegetation monitoring. C.M. Laine, K.M. Kettenring, B.B. Roper
2013-11 Critical Shields values in coarse-bedded steep streams. K. Bunte, S.R. Abt, K.W. Swingle, D.A. Cenderelli, J.M. Schneider
2013-9 Riparian vegetation communities change rapidly following passive restoration at a northern Utah stream. N. Hough-Snee, B.B. Roper, J.M. Wheaton, P. Budy, P., R.L. Lokteff
2013-8 Climate Change: Overview of Data Sources, Observed and Predicted Temperature Changes, and Impacts on Public and Environmental Health. D.H. Levinson, C.J. Fettig
2013-7 Article: Kettenring, Karin M. and Menuz, Diane R., The importance of roads, nutrients, and climate for invasive plant establishment in riparian areas in the northwestern United States (2013). Watershed Sciences Faculty Publications. Paper 585.
2013-6 Do Beaver Dams Impede the Movement of Trout? R.L. Lokteff, B.B. Roper, J.M. Wheaton
2013-6 Exotic Plant Colonization and Occupancy Within Riparian Areas of the Interior Columbia River and Upper Missouri River Basins. R. Al-Chokhachy, A.M. Ray, B.B. Roper, E. Archer
2013-5 Thesis: Goss, Lindsey M., Understanding the Relationship Between Livestock Disturbance, The Protocols Used to Measure that Disturbance and Stream Conditions (2013). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 258.
2013-0 Article: B.B. Roper, Kershner, J. L., and R. C. Henderson. 2013. The value of using permanent sites when evaluating stream attributes at the reach scale. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 18 (4): 585-592.
2013-0 Article: Hough-Snee, N., B. B. Roper, J. M. Wheaton, P. Budy, R. L. Lokteff. 2013. Riparian vegetation communities change rapidly following passive restoration in a northern Utah stream. Ecological Engineering 58: 371-377.
2013-3 Riparian Restoration in the Context of Tamarix Control. Chapter 23 in Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West. P.B. Shafroth, D.M. Merritt, M.K. Briggs, V.B. Beauchamp, K.D. Lair, M.L. Scott and A.
2013-2 Characterizing spatial variability in velocity and turbulence intensity using 3-D acoustic Doppler velocimeter data in a plane-bed reach of East St. Louis Creek, Colorado, USA. G.C.L. David, C.J. Legleiter, E. Wohl, S.E. Yochum
2013-1 Tamarix, hydrology, and fluvial geomorphology. in Tamarix: A Case Study of Ecological Change in the American West. D.A. Auerbach, D.M. Merritt, and P.B. Shafroth
2013-1 Reciprocal Relations between Riparian Vegetation, Fluvial Landforms, and Channel Processes. Treatise on Geomorphology. 9. 219-243. D.M. Merritt.
2012-12 Edaphic and stand structural trends in chronosequences of native and non-native dominated riparian forests along the Colorado River. D.M. Merritt, P.B. Shafroth
2012-11 Development of an enhanced tropical cyclone tracks database for the southwest Pacific from 1840 to 2010. H.J. Diamond, A.M. Lorrey, K.R. Knapp, D.H. Levinson
2012-9 Riparian forest restoration: conflicting goals, trade-offs, and measures of success. H.L. Bateman, D.M. Merritt, J.B. Johnson
2012-9 Streams past and future: Fluvial responses to rapid environmental change in the context of historical variation. in Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management. D.A. Auerbach, N.L. Poff, R.R. McShane, D.M. Merritt, M.I. Pyne, T. Wilding
2012-8 Linking stream flow and groundwater to avian habitat in a desert riparian system. D.M. Merritt, H.L. Bateman
2012-5 Western Mountain Wetlands, in Wetland Habitats of North America: Ecology and Conservation Concerns. D.J. Cooper, R.J. Chimner, D.M. Merritt.
2012-5 A study of the spawning ecology and early life history survival of Bonneville cutthroat trout. P. Budy, S. Wood, B.B. Roper
2012-0 Eric Archer; Hough-Snee, Nate; Lokteff, Ryan; Andrew Van Wagenen; B. Roper, Brett (2013): The PACFISH/INFISH Biological Opinion (PIBO) Effectiveness Monitoring Program and Invasive Plant Species Detection: A Retrospective Summary 2003-2011. figshare. Paper.
2012-3 Velocity prediction in high-gradient channels. S.E. Yochum, B.P. Bledsoe, G.C.L. David, E. Wohl.
2011-9 The influence of irrigation water on the hydrology and lake water budgets of two small arid-climate lakes in Khorezm, Uzbekistan. J.A. Scott, M.R. Rosen, L. Saito, and D.L. Decker.
2011-4 Al-Chokhachy, Robert, B. B. Roper, Eric K. Archer, and Scott Miller. April 2011. Quantifying the Extent of and Factors Associated with the Temporal Variability of Physical Stream Habitat in Headwater Streams in the Interior Columbia River Basin. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 140. 15p.
2011-3 Al-Chokhachy, Robert & Roper, Brett. (2010). Different Approaches to Habitat Surveys Can Impact Fisheries Management and Conservation Decisions. Fisheries. 35. 476-488. 10.1577/1548-8446-35.10.476.
2011-2 Thesis: Laine, Caroline M., An Assessment of Vegetation Metrics and Plot Types to Measure Seasonal Variation and Grazing Effects on Riparian Plant Communities (2011). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 1091.
2011-1 Thesis: Menuz, Diane. 2011. Masters Thesis. Utah State University. Using species distribution models to assess invasion theory and provide management recommendations for riparian areas in the eastern Columbia and western Missouri River basins.
2010-12 Thesis: Kyger, Chastine Daniel. James Madison University. December 2010. Fish Community Response to the Addition of Wood in Smith Creek, Virginia. 48p.
2010-12 Thesis: Trumbo, Bradley Allen. James Madison University. December 2010. Sensitivity and Exposure of Brook Trout (Salvelinus Fontinalis) Habitat to Climate Change. 75p.
2010-0 Article: Hill, Andrew. 2010. Masters Thesis. Utah State University. Assessing linkages among landscape characteristics, stream habitat, and macro-invertebrate communities in the Idaho batholith ecoregion.
2010-6 Article: Kershner, Jeffrey L., and B.B. Roper. June 2010. An Evaluation of Management Objectives Used to Assess Stream Habitat Conditions on Federal Lands within the Interior Columbia Basin. 9p.
2010-5 Article: B.B. Roper, John Buffington, Stephen Bennett, Steven H. Lanigan, Eric Archer, etal. May 2010. A Comparison of the Performance and Compatibility of Protocols Used by Seven Monitoring Groups to Measure Stream Habitat in the Pacific Northwest. 22p.
2010-0 Article: Trumbo, Brad, Mark Hudy, Eric P. Smith, Dong-Yun Kim, Bruce A. Wiggins, Keith H. Nislow, and Charles A. Dolloff. 2010. Sensitivity and Vulnerability of Brook Trout Populations to Climate Change. Journal of Publication TBA.
2010-0 Article: Hudy, Mark, Jason A. Coombs, Keith H. Nislow, Benjamin H. Letcher. 2010. Dispersal and Within-Stream Spatial Population Structure of Brook Trout Revealed by Pedigree Reconstruction Analysis. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139: 1276-1287. TAFS - Available at AFS for a fee online (free to members).
2010-0 Article: Al-Chokhachy, R., B.B. Roper, T. Bowerman, and P. Budy. 2010. A Review of Bull Trout habitat Associations and Exploratory Analyses of Patterns Across the Interior Columbia River Basin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management: 30:464-480.
2010-0 Article: Al-Chokhachy, R., B.B. Roper, and E. Archer. 2010. Using a Multimetric Approach to Evaluate the Abiotic Condition of Streams in the Upper Columbia and Missouri River basins. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139:1041-1059.
2009-0 Article: Hudy, Mark, Jeremy Shiflet. 2009. Movement and Recolonization of Potomac Sculpin in a Virginia Stream. American Journal of Fisheries Management 29:196-–204.
2008-11 Article: Heitke, J.D., R.C. Henderson, B.B. Roper, and E.K. Archer. 2008. Evaluating Livestock Grazing Use with Streambank Alteration Protocols: Challenges and Solutions. Rangeland Ecology and Management 61:647-655.
2008-9 Thesis: Willey, K. Tara. James Madison University. September 2008. Environmental Factors Determining the Pre-Restoration Benthic Macroinvertebrate Assemblage In A Stream Used By Cattle. 49p.
2008-5 Thesis: Shiflet, Jeremy Michael. James Madison University. May 2008. Habitat Selection and Spatiotemporal Patterns of Movement in a Fluvial Population of White Sucker (Catostomus commersoni). 45p.
2008-5 Thesis: Sweeten, Sara E. James Madison University. May 2008. Home Range, Hibernacula Fidelity, and Best Management Practices for Wood Turtles (Glyptemys insculpta) in Virginia. 98 p.
2008-5 Thesis: Fink, David Brad. James Madison University. May 2008. Artificial Shading and Stream Temperature Modeling for Watershed Restoration and Brook Trout (Salvenius fontinalis) Management. 34 p.
2008-4 Article: B.B. Roper, J. M. Buffington, E. Archer, C. Moyer, and M. Ward. 2008. The Role of Observer Variation in Determining Rosgen Stream Types in Northeastern Oregon Mountain Streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44:417-427.
2008-0 Article: Hudy, Mark, Teresa M. Thieling, Nathaniel Gillespie, Eric P. Smith. 2008. Distribution, Status, and Land Use Characteristics of Subwatersheds within the Native Range of Brook Trout in the Eastern United States. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28:1069–1085.
2008-0 Article: Zhang, Huizi, Teresa Thieling, Samantha C. Bates Prins, Eric P. Smith, Mark Hudy. 2008. Model-Based Clustering in a Brook Trout Classification Study within the Eastern United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137:841-851.
2007-10 Article: Hudy, Mark, Brett B. Roper, Nathaniel Gillespie. 2007. Large Scale Assessments: Lessons Learned for Native Trout Management. Proceedings of Wild Trout 9, West Yellowstone, MT October 2007.
2007-8 Article: Whitacre, H.W., B.B. Roper, and J.L. Kershner. 2007. A Comparison of Protocols and Observer Precision for Measuring Physical Stream Attributes. Journal of American Water Resources Association 43:923-937.
2007-6 Article: Coles-Ritchie, Marc C., David W. Roberts, Jeffrey L. Kershner, Richard C. Henderson. 2007. Use of a Wetland Index to Evaluate Changes in Riparian Vegetation After Livestock Exclusion. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 43(3):731-743.
2007-0 Article: Roper, Brett B, Beau Jarvis, Jeffrey L. Kershner. 2007. The Role of Natural Vegetative Disturbance in Determining Stream Reach Characteristics in Central Idaho and Western Montana. Northwest Science, Vol. 81, No. 3, 2007.
2007-0 Fish & Aquatic Ecology Unit Annual Report - 2007, 28 pages;
2006-5 Thesis: Thieling, Teresa M. James Madison University. May 2006. Assessment and Predictive Model for Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) population status in the eastern United States. 65 p.
2005-10 Article: Olsen, D.S., B.B. Roper, J.L. Kershner, R. Henderson, and E. Archer. 2005. Sources Of Variability In Conducting Pebble Counts: Their Potential Influence On The Results Of Stream Monitoring Programs. Journal of The American Water Resources Association: 41(5):1225-1236.
2005-9 Article: Henderson, Richard C., Eric K. Archer, Boyd A. Bouwes, Marc S. Coles-Ritchie, Jeffrey L. Kershner. 2005. PACFISH/INFISH Biological Opinion (PIBO): Effectiveness Monitoring Program seven-year status report 1998 through 2004. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-162. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 16 p.
2005-5 Thesis: Coffman, Joseph Seth. James Madison University. May 2005. Evaluation of a Predictive Model for Upstream Fish Passage Through Culverts.
2005-1 Article: Colyer, W.T., J.L. Kershner, and R.H. Hilderbrand. 2005. Movements of fluvial Bonneville cutthroat trout in the Thomas Fork of the Bear River, Idaho-Wyoming. North American Journal of Fisheries Management: 25: 954-963.
2005-0 Dissertation: Coles-Ritchie, Marc C. Utah State University. 2005. Evaluation of Riparian Vegetation Data and Associated Sampling Techniques. 184 p.
2004-12 Article: Coles-Ritchie, M.C., R.C. Henderson, E.K. Archer, C. Kennedy, J.L. Kershner. 2004. Repeatability of Riparian Vegetation Sampling Methods: How Useful Are These Techniques for Broad-Scale, Long-Term Monitoring? General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-138. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO. 24p.
2004-5 Thesis: Whalen, James Keith. James Madison University. May 2004. A Risk Assessment for Crayfish Conservation on National Forest Lands in the Eastern United States.
2004-3 Article: Archer, E.K., B.B. Roper, R.C. Henderson, J.L. Kershner, and S.C. Mellison. 2004. Testing common stream sampling methods: How useful are these techniques for broad-scale, long-term monitoring? General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-122. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO. 15p.
2004-3 Article: Kershner, J.L., M. Coles-Ritchie, E. Cowley, R.C. Henderson, K. Kratz, C. Quimby, D.M. Turner, L.C. Ulmer, and M.R. Vinson. 2004. Guide to Effective Monitoring of Aquatic and Riparian Resources. General Technical Report, RMRS-GTR-121, USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.
2004-1 Article: Kershner, J.L., B.B. Roper, N. Bouwes, R. Henderson, and E. Archer. 2004. An Analysis of Stream Habitat Conditions in Reference and Managed Watersheds on Some Federal Lands within the Columbia River Basin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24: 1363-1375.
2004-0 Article: Hilderbrand, R.H., J.L. Kershner. 2004. Are There Differences in Growth and Conditions Between Mobile and Resident Cutthroat Trout? Transactions of the American Fisheries Society: Notes 133:1042-1046.
2004-0 Fish & Aquatic Ecology Unit Annual Report. Kershner, J., B. B. Roper, R.C. Henderson, E.K. Archer.
2004-0 Dissertation: Rivera, Samuel. Utah State University. 2004. Testing Forestry Best Management Practices for Protecting Water Quality in Honduras. 140 p.
2004-0 Thesis: Whitacre, Heath W. Utah State University. 2004. Comparison of Protocols and Observer Precision for Measuring Physical Habitat Attributes of Streams in Oregon and Idaho. 69p.
2004-0 Article: M. Hudy, T. M. Thieling, and J. K. Whalen. 2004. A Large-scale Risk Assessment of the Biotic Integrity of Native Brook Trout Watersheds. Wild Trout VIII Symposium.
2004-0 Article: Bragg, D.C., J.L. Kershner. 2004. Sensitivity of a Riparian Large Woody Debris Recruitment Model to the Number of Contributing Banks and Tree Fall Pattern. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 19(2): 117-122.
2004-0 Article: Hilderbrand, R. H., and J. L. Kershner. 2004. Influence of habitat type on food supply, selectivity, and diet overlap of Bonneville cutthroat trout and non-native brook trout in Beaver Creek, Idaho. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 24:33-40.
2003-0 Article: Roper, B.B., J.L. Kershner, and R.C. Henderson. 2003. The value of using permanent sites when evaluating stream attributes at the reach scale. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 18: 585-592.
2003-0 Article: Bisson, P.A., B.R. Rieman, C. Luce, P.F. Hessburg, J.L. Kershner, G.H. Reeves, and R.H. Gresswell. 2003. Fire and Aquatic Ecosystems: Current Knowledge and Key Questions. Forest Ecology and Management 178:213-229.
2003-0 Article: Reich, M., J.L. Kershner, and R.C. Wildman. 2003. Restoring streams with large wood: a synthesis. Pages 355-366 in S.V. Gregory, K.L. Boyer, and A.M. Gurnell, editors. The ecology and management of wood in world Rivers. American Fisheries, Society Symposium 37, Bethesda, Maryland.
2003-0 Article: Kershner, J.L., L. MacDonald, Z. Libohova, L.M. Decker, and D. Winters. 2003. Where are aquatic ecosystems likely to be changed by the Hayman fire and how will the changes be manifested on the landscape/watershed? In R. Graham, ed., A case study analysis of the Hayman Fire. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR 114, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.
2003-0 Article: Decker, L.M., J.L. Kershner, and D. Winters. 2003. Historical Aquatic Systems. In R. Graham, ed., A case study analysis of the Hayman Fire. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR 114, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.
2002-12 Article: Roper, Brett B. , Jeffrey L. Kershner, Eric Archer, Richard Henderson, and Nicolaas Bouwes. 2002. An Evaluation of Physical Stream Habitat Attributes Used to Monitor Streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) Vol. 38, No. 6:1637-1646.
2000-1 J. Sedell, S. Maitland, D. D. Apple, M. Copenhagen, M. Furniss, M. Ash, E. Bell, T. Brown, D. Cross, E. Dickerhoof, M. E. Dix, S. Glasser, D. Hohler, J. Keys, R. LaFayette, K. McLaughlin, J. Nordin, D. Ryan, L. Schmidt, R. Swanson, P. Tittman. 2002. Water and the Forest Service. FS-660, USDA Forest Service, Washington Office
1999-6 Article: Goodwin, Craig N., Fluvial Classification: Neanderthal Necessity or Needless Normalcy. Originally published in American Water Resources Association, Proceedings of Specialty Conference on Wildland Hydrology, D.S. Olson and J.P. Potyondy (editors), Bozeman, Montana, June 30-July 2, 1999, pp. 229-236. Used with permission of the American Water Resources Association.
National Stream & Aquatic Ecology Center