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Joseph A. Burns CWB
National Transportation Ecology Program Leader
Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air, Rare Plants
1400 Independance Ave SW - MS1121
Washington, D.C. 20250-1121
(202) 205-0919
jaburns@fs.fed.us

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USDA Forest Service
Pacific Southwest Research Station
(541) 678-5240
sjacobson@fs.fed.us

 

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Edge Effects Related to OHV Use and Roads References

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1129. Cameron, R. P. 2006. Protected area - working forest interface: ecological concerns for protected areas management in Canada. Natural Areas Journal 26(4): 403-407.

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139. Chalfoun, A. D., M. J.  Ratnaswamy, and F. R. Thompson. 2002. Songbird nest predators in forest-pasture edge and forest interior in a fragmented landscape. Ecological Applications 12(3): 858-867.

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159. Fahrig, L. 1997. Relative effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on population extinction. Journal of Wildlife Management 61(3): 603-610.

160. Fahrig, L. 2002. Effect of habitat fragmentation on the extinction threshold: a synthesis. Ecological Applications 12(2): 346-353.

428. Fletcher, Robert J., and R. R. Koford. 2002. Habitat and landscape associations of breeding birds in native and restored grasslands. Journal of Wildlife Management 66(4): 1011-1022.

541. Forman, Richard T. T., and Robert D. Deblinger. 2000. The ecological road-effect zone of a Massachusetts (U.S.A.) suburban highway. Conservation Biology 14(1): 36-46.

500. Forman, Richard T. T., Daniel Sperling, John A. Bissonette, Anthony P. Clevenger, Carol D. Cutshall, Virginia H. Dale, Lenore Fahrig, Robert France, Charles R. Goldman, Kevin Heanue, Julia A. Jones, Frederick J. Swanson, Thomas Turrentine, and Thomas C. Winter. 2003. Road Ecology: Science and Solutions. Island Press, Washington DC.

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321. Freilich, J. E., and E. L. LaRue Jr. 1998. Amphibian movements in response to forest edges, roads, and streambeds in southern New England. Journal of Wildlife Management 62(2): 590-595.

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1124. Gibbs, J. P. 1998. Amphibians movements in response to forest edges, roads, and streambeds in southern New England. Journal of Wildlife Management 62(2 Suppl.): 584-589.

1099. Giroux, Wendy, Pierre Blanchette, Claude Bourgeois, and Gilbert Cabana. 2007. Ruffed grouse brood habitat use in mixed Softwood-Hardwood Nordic-Temperate forests, Quebec, Canada. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(1): 87-95.

1134. Gutzwiller, Kevin J. 1995. Recreational disturbance and wildlife communities. Pp. 169-182 in: R. L. Knight and K. J. Gutzwiller (editors), Wildlife and Recreationists: Coexistence through Management and Research. Island Press, Washington D. C.

1427. Hannah, D. H. 1992. Fragmentation in the Ocala National Forest: a GIS Analysis. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 

175. Harper, K. A., and S. E. Macdonald. 2002. The critical values program for assessing edge influence. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 83(1): 61-62.

176. Harper, Karen A., S. Ellen MacDonald, Philip J. Burton, Jiquan Chen, Kimberley D. Brosofske, Sari C. Saunders, Eugenie S. Euskirchen, Dar Roberts, Malanding S. Jaiteh, and Per-Anders Esseen. 2005. Edge influence on forest structure and composition in fragmented landscapes. Conservation Biology 19(3): 768-782.

1428. Harris, L., and G. Silva-Lopez. 1992. Forest fragmentation and the conservation of biological diversity. Pp. 197-237 in: P. Fiedler and S. Jain (editors), Conservation Biology, the Theory and Practice of Nature Conservation. Chapman and Hall, New York, NY.

179. Haskell, D. G. 1995. A reevaluation of the effects of forest fragmentation on rates of bird-nest predation. Conservation Biology 9(5): 1316-1318.

833. Hessburg, P. F., B. G. Smith, and R. B. Salter. 1999. Detecting change in forest spatial patterns from reference conditions. Ecological Applications 9(4): 1232-1252.

332. Huijser, M. P., and P. J. M. Bergers. 2000. The effect of roads and traffic on hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) populations. Biological Conservation 95: 111-116.

399. Jimerson, Thomas M., and Lisa D. Hoover. 1991. Old growth forest fragmentation: changes in amount, patch size, and edge as a result of logging. Pp. 168-174 in: R. R. Harris, D. C. Erman and H. M. Kerner (editors), Wildlife Resource Center Report No. 29. Santa Rosa, CA.

401. Jules, Erik. S., Evan J.  Frost, L. Scott Mills, and David A. Tallmon. 1999. Ecological consequences of forest fragmentation in the Klamath Region. Natural Areas Journal 19(4): 368-378.

186. Jules, Erik S., and B. J. Rathcke. 1999. Mechanisms of reduced trillium recruitment along edges of old-growth forest fragments. Conservation Biology 13(4): 784-793.

506. Knapp, Shannon M., Carola A. Haas, Douglas N. Harpole, and Roy L. Kirkpatrick. 2003. Initial effects of clearcutting and alternative silvicultural practices on terrestrial salamander abundance. Conservation Biology 17(3): 752-762.

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