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Disturbance Effects Related to OHV Use and Roads References

Last update June 1, 2008
( keywords searched: disturbance, habitat disturbance, human disturbance, proximity, human proximity, avoidance, habitat degradation, trampling, effect; impact, human impact )

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1285. Adams, L. W., and A. D. Geis. 1983. Effects of roads on small mammals. Journal of Applied Ecology 20: 403-415.

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707. Allen, C. D., M. Savage, D. A. Falk, K. F. Suckling, T. W. Swetnam, T. Schulke, P. B. Stacey, P. Morgan, M. Hoffman, and J. T. Klingel. 2002. Ecological restoration of Southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystems: A broad perspective. Ecological Applications 12(5): 1418-1433.

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1295. Baur, A., and B. Baur. 1990. Are roads barriers to dispersal in the land snail Arianta arbustorum? Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 613-617.

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