Relative size of Alaska and the Region's National Forests compared to the lower 48 United States.
The Alaska Region occupies the rugged, mountainous coast of the northeast Pacific Ocean. The maze of fjords and islands, streams and mountains characterizing the Region support a wide array of vegetation types ranging from vast wetlands to luxuriant temperate rainforests to magnificent alpine ecosystems.
There are only two national forests in the Alaska Region, the Tongass National Forest and the Chugach National Forest; however, they are the largest national forests in the Country. The Chugach surrounds Prince William Sound and is near Anchorage, Alaska's largest city. The Tongass National Forest includes the islands and mainland of southeastern Alaska and surrounds the towns of Ketchikan, Sitka, Juneau, Petersburg, Wrangell, Yakutat and Skagway.
Many of the plants in the Alaska Region produce spectacular wildflowers and colorful foliage, providing excellent opportunities to enjoy native plants from spring through autumn.
Wildflower Viewing Areas for the Alaska Region
Rare Plant Conservation Success Stories
Mushrooms of the National Forests in Alaska (PDF, 2.9 MB)
The coastal temperate rainforests of the Tongass and Chugach national forests often produce prolific fruitings of mushrooms in late summer and fall. For many Alaskans, mushrooms are a source of food. For others, they are a source of pigments for dyeing wool and other natural fibers. Still others merely enjoy their beauty. However, all Alaskans should appreciate these fungi for, without them, there would be no forests here.
This brochure was prepared by the Forest Service, Alaska Region Botany Program with funding from the Forest Management Program (Special Forest Products). Text by Kate Mohatt (Chugach National Forest ecologist), Karen Dillman (Tongass National Forest ecologist) and Dr. Steven Trudell. Illustrations by Marsha Mello and photographs by Steven Trudell except where noted otherwise.
Wildflowers of the National Forests in Alaska (PDF, 1.1 MB)
Wildflowers of the National Forests in Alaska highlights 50 of the most common wildflowers found in Alaska's two National Forests, the Tongass National Forest and the Chugach National Forest.
Photographs provided by Mary Stensvold, Rick Turner, Brad Krieckhaus, Karen Dillman, Ellen Anderson, Ernest Manewal, Jay VerHoef and the USDA Forest Service Alaska Region collection.
Ferns of the National Forests in Alaska (PDF, 4.2 MB)
Ferns abound in Alaska's two national forests, the Chugach and the Tongass, which are situated on the southcentral and southeastern coast respectively. These forests contain myriad habitats where ferns thrive. Most showy are the ferns occupying the forest floor of temperate rainforest habitats. However, ferns grow in nearly all non-forested habitats such as beach meadows, wet meadows, alpine meadows, high alpine, and talus slopes. The cool, wet climate highly influenced by the Pacific Ocean creates ideal growing conditions for ferns.
This brochure was prepared by the Forest Service, Alaska Region Botany program. Text, diagrams and photographs by Mary Stensvold unless otherwise noted.
Lichens of Alaska's South Coast (PDF, 1.8 MB)
This brochure highlights 31 of the more than 1,000 lichens found across the south coast of Alaska (from Kodiak Island to Ketchikan). This region includes the Tongass and Chugach national forests, the Glacier Bay, Lake Clark, Katmai, and Wrangell-St. Elias national parks and preserves, the Klondike Gold Rush and Sitka national historical parks, Kenai Fjords National Park, and the US Fish and Wildlife Service Kodiak, Kenai, and Maritime national wildlife refuges.
This brochure was prepared by the botany program of the Forest Service, Alaska Region. Photographs are by Karen L. Dillman unless otherwise noted. Drawings are by Alexander Mikulin.
White marsh marigold (Caltha leptosepala. Kenai Peninsula, Chugach National Forest. Photo by Mary Stensvold.
Nootka Lupine (Lupinus Nootaktensis). Yakutat, Tongass National Forest. Photo by Mary Stensvold.
Forget me not (Myosotis alpestris). Alaska State Flower. Chugach National Forest. Photo by Mary Stensvold.
Devil’s club (Oplopanax horridus). Prince of Whales Island, Tongass National Forest. Photo by Mary Stensvold.
Cooley’s buttercup (Ranunculus cooleyae). Juneau alpine, Tongass National Forest. Photo by Mary Stensvold.
Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis). Sitka, Tongass National Forest. Photo by Mary Stensvold.