Stark Beauty: Klamath-Siskiyou Serpentines


What plants and animals can you find on the Klamath-Siskiyou Serpentines? Select the plants and animals above to find out. Art and design by Steve Buchanan. Download PDF Version, 1.9 MB. 1. Foxtail pine (Pinus balfouriana) 2. Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi) 3. Port-Orford cedar (Cupressus lawsoniana) 4. Common juniper (Juniperus communis) 5. Pinemat manzanita (Arctostaphylos nevadensis) 6. California coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica) 7. Dwarfed tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflora ssp. echinoides) 8. Whiteleaf manzanita (Arctostaphylos viscida) 8. Whiteleaf manzanita (Arctostaphylos viscida) 9. Huckleberry oak (Quercus vaccinifolia) 10. Squirreltail grass (Elymus elymoides) 11. Copeland's speedwell (Veronica copelandii) 12. Serpentine milkweed (Asclepias solanoana) 13. Mariposa lily (Calochortus howellii) 14. Siskiyou butterweed (Packera hesperia) 15. Bolander's lily (Lilium bolanderi) 16. Heckner's stonecrop (Sedum laxum ssp. heckneri) 17. Sulphur buckwheat (Eriogonum umbellatum) 18. Siskiyou milkvetch (Astragalus whitneyi var. siskiyouensis) 19. Waldo rock-cress (Arabis aculeolata) 20. Siskiyou willow-herb (Epilobium siskiyouensis) 21. Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis var. roemeri) 21. Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis var. roemeri) 21. Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis var. roemeri) 22. Threadleaf beardtongue (Penstemon filiformis) 23. Showy Raillardella (Raillardella pringlei) 24. Bigelow's sneezeweed (Helenium bigelovii) 25. Indian paintbrush (Castilleja miniata ssp. elata) 25. Indian paintbrush (Castilleja miniata ssp. elata) 26. California lady's slipper (Cypripedium californicum) 27. Cotton-grass (Eriophorum criniger) 28. Waldo gentian (Gentiana setigera) 29. California pitcher plant (Darlingtonia californica) 30. Western bog violet (Viola lanceolata var. occidentalis) 31. Allen's hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin) 31. Allen's hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin) 32. Mardon skipper (Polites mardon) 32. Mardon skipper (Polites mardon) 33. Anise swallowtail (Papilio zelicaon)

Stark and toxic, diverse and rare, serpentines are a land of contrasts. Formed within the earth's mantle, serpentine rocks found their way to the surface. On serpentine soils, a unique flora evolved especially adapted to survive the severe hardships of drought, heavy metals, and nutrient stress. Complex islands of endemism and rarity developed in isolated plant communities on the severe landscapes.

The Klamath-Siskiyou Mountains of northwest California and southwest Oregon are the largest serpentine area in North America. Celebrating Wildflowers features the unique plant communities on the National Forests of the Klamath-Siskiyou Mountains. Discover sub-alpine communities, Jeffrey pine woodlands, and Darlingtonia wetlands. Learn how we are conserving these communities. Enjoy the stark beauty of the serpentines.

USGS plate tectonics graphicGeology
Where the Earth's crust collides, serpentine is born

Raillardella habitatPlant Communities
From Woodland to Wetland: The Diversity of Serpentine Plant Communities

Jeffrey pine savannah.Conservation
Conserving the Botanical Richness of Serpentine Communities

Darlingtonia californicaMore Information
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