Aspen Biology and Ecology
Aspen's inner bark can be peeled and eaten. It is often quite bitter but is more palatable in the spring. This inner bark layer is the food transportation network for the tree, so it contains a fair amount of sugar. Deer and elk like it too!
- Aspen Delineation Project
- Beynus, Janine. 1999. The field guide to wildlife habitats of the western United States. Simon and Schuster, Inc.
- Biogeography of Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides) by Douglas W. Johnson
- Colorado Plateau: Land Use History of North America: Biotic Communities of the Colorado Plateau
- DeByle, Norbert V., and Robert P. Winokur, editors. 1985. Aspen: Ecology and management in the western United States. (PDF, 22 MB)
USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM-119, 283 p. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.
- Holms, Bonnie. 1999. Quaking Aspen. Carolrhoda Books.
- Plant Guide: Quaking Aspen (PDF, 130KB)
United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.
- PLANTS Profile - Populus tremuloides, quaking aspen
- Plants to Color From the Aspenforest (PDF, 0.4 MB)
USDA Forest Service Celebrating Wildflowers.
- Populus tremuloides Michx., Quaking Aspen
Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, tech. coords. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 p.
- Bartos, D. and R. Campbell, Jr. Decline of quaking Aspen in the Interior West-Examples from Utah. Society for Range Management vol.20, No.1, Feb 1998.
- Colorado Plateau: Land Use History of North America: Changed Southwestern Forests: Resource effects and management remedies
- Managing Aspen in Western Landscapes Conference 2004
- Quaking in Their Roots: The Decline of the Quaking Aspen
Natural Enquirer. Rocky Mountain Edition Vol. 2 No. 1 FS-666.
- Restoring the West Conference 2006: Aspen Restoration
- Summary: Aspen Decline in the West? (PDF, 368 KB)
- Shepperd, W. D.; Binkley, D.; Bartos, D. L.; Stohlgren, T. J.; Eskew, L. G., comps. Sustaining aspen in western landscapes; symposium proceedings; 2000 June 13-15; Grand Junction, CO; RMRS-P-18. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
- Shepperd, Wayne D.; Rogers, Paul C.; Burton, David; Bartos, Dale L. 2006. Ecology, biodiversity, management, and restoration of aspen in the Sierra Nevada. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-178. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station 122 p.
- USDA Forest Service: Forest Health Management, Rocky Mountain Region:
- USDA Forest Service: Southwestern Region: Natural Resources: Forest Health: Aspen Decline in Northern Arizona
- Lertxun Marrak Basque Tree Carvings (University of Nevada, Reno)
- Managing Aspen in Western Landscapes 2004 Proceedings: Talking Trees: Basque Sheepherder Arborglyphs
- USDA Forest Service: Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit: Cultural Heritage: History Told on Trees: The Basque Shepherds
- USDA Forest Service: Stanislaus National Forest: Heritage Resources: Trees Can Talk - Barn Meadow Arborglyph Recording 2003