Threatened, Endangered, and Proposed (TEP) Plant Profile
Helonias bullata, swamp pink
Helonias bullata is an obligate wetland species occurring along streams and seepage areas in freshwater swamps and other wetland habitats.
Visit the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Species Profile link below for links to listing and other USFWS documents.
- Listed Threatened 1988
- Recovery Plan 1991 (PDF, 5.3 MB)
- The major threat to the species is loss and degradation of its wetland habitat due to encroaching development, sedimentation, pollution, succession, and wetland drainage.
- The species exhibits extremely low seedling establishment, which appears to be a significant limitation to the colonization of new sites.
- Other threats include plant collection and trampling.
National Forest and Grassland Occurrence
- Chattahoochee National Forest
- George Washington National Forest
- National Forests in North Carolina
- Nantahala National Forest
- Pisgah National Forest