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District Handling and Storage


[photo] Forest regeneration Successful regeneration efforts require that a multitude of steps be done correctly, from collecting cones through maintaining a plantation. Failure can result from a single major event or an accumulation of small events when managers do not attend to basic reforestation principles. Tree seedlings are living, breathing organisms sensitive to the same injuries that affect other life forms. Their tolerance for improper care outside their natural environment is very limited. Improper care may cause stress, injury, or mortality. Handling injuries are not easily identified. They occur mostly in needles, stems, and roots. Identifying causes of regeneration failure from improper handling is a difficult job that almost always requires careful review based on incomplete information.

The following overview describes the operational procedures for receiving and storing coniferous tree seedlings at ranger districts. The basic principles apply to most coniferous trees; however, some of the material may not apply in your forest or district. The basic shipping and handling procedures apply to all conifer seedlings throughout the U.S., though procedures used for southern conifer seedlings differ slightly from those used in the western and northern regions. Therefore, a special section is devoted to receiving and storing of southern species. The topic is divided into five main headings:

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