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Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook

Selected References

Beckley, Bob. 2005. Using the BMS Micro-Blaster for trail work. Tech. Rep. 0567-2338-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 6 p. (Available to Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management employees at http://fsweb.mtdc.wo.fs.fed.us/php/library_card.php?p_num=0567%202338)

Birchard, William, Jr.; Proudman, Robert D. 2000. Appalachian Trail design, construction, and maintenance. 2d ed. Harpers Ferry, WV: Appalachian Trail Conference. ISBN 1-917953-72-X. 237 p. (Copies for sale by calling 888-287-8673.)

Birkby, Robert C. 2005. Lightly on the land: the SCA manual of backcountry work skills. 2d ed. Student Conservation Association and The Mountaineers. ISBN 0-89886-4848-3. 304 p. (Copies for sale by calling 206-223-6303, ext 135.)

Davies, Mary Ann; Outka-Perkins, Lisa. 2006. Building mountain bike trails: sustainable singletrack. DVD. 0623-2D01-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. (Order the DVD from the Federal Highway Administration, http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/rectrails/trailpub.htm)

Demrow, Carl; Salisbury, David. 1998. The complete guide to trail building and maintenance. 3d ed. Boston, MA: Appalachian Mountain Club. ISBN 1-878239-54-6. 256 p. (Copies for sale by calling 800-262-4455.)

Didier, Steve; Herzberg, Diane. 1996. Stock-drawn equipment for trail work. Tech. Rep. 9623-2802-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 22 p. (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/96232802/)

Eriksson, Merv. 2000. Trail bridge catalog. Web site. 0023-2W01-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. (Available to Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management employees at http://fsweb.mtdc.wo.fs.fed.us/bridges/)

Groenier, James Scott; Eriksson, Merv; Kosmalski, Sharon. 2006. A guide to fiber-reinforced polymer trail bridges. Tech. Rep. 0623-2824-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 98 p. (Available http://www.fs.fed.us/eng/php/library_card.php?p_num=0623%202824P)

Groenier, James Scott; LeBow, Stan. 2006. Preservative-treated wood and alternative products in the Forest Service. Tech. Rep. 0677-2809-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 44 p. (Available http://www.fs.fed.us/eng/php/library_card.php?p_num=0677%202809P)

Hallman, Richard. 1988 (rev. 2005). Handtools for trail work. Tech. Rep. 8823-2601-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 54 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/05232810/)

International Mountain Bicycling Association. 2004. Trail solutions: IMBA's guide to building sweet singletrack. ISBN: 0-9755023-0-1. Boulder, CO: International Mountain Bicycling Association. 272 p.

Kilroy, Bill; Tour, Jim. 1998. Boulder buster: breaking rocks without explosives. 9867-2840-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/98672840/)

Kuhn, Tyler; Vachowski, Brian. 2006. Improved MTDC trail rake for ATVs. Tech. Rep. 0623-2320-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 6 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/06232320/)

Meyer, Kevin G. 2002. Managing degraded off-highway vehicle trails in wet, unstable, and sensitive environments. Tech. Rep. 0223-2821-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 48 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/02232821/)

Michael, David; Vachowski, Brian. 2004. Saws that sing: a guide to using crosscut saws. Tech. Rep. 0423-2822-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 64 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/04232822/)

Miller, Warren. 1977 (rev. 2003). Crosscut saw manual. Tech. Rep. 7771-2508-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 28 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/77712508/)

Monlux, Steve; Vachowski, Brian. 2000 (rev. 2008). Geosynthetics for trails in wet areas: 2000 edition. Tech. Rep. 0023-2838-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 18 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/00232838/)

Mrkich, Dale; Oltman, J. 1984. Hand drilling and breaking rock for wilderness trail maintenance. Tech. Rep. 8423-2602-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 26 p. (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/84232602/)

Parker, Troy Scott. 2004. Natural surface trails by design: physical and human design essentials of sustainable, enjoyable trails. ISBN: 0-9755872-0. Natureshape LLC. (http://www.natureshape.com)

Steinholtz, Robert T.; Vachowski, Brian. 2007. Wetland trail design and construction. Tech. Rep. 0723-2804-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 90 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/recreational_trails/publications/fs_publications/07232804/)

Therrell, Lisa; Cole, David; Claassen, Vic; Davies, Mary Ann. 2006. Wilderness and backcountry site restoration guide. Tech. Rep. 0623–2815–MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 394 p. (Available http://fsweb.mtdc.wo.fs.fed.us/pubs/htmlpubs/htm06232815/)

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 1999. Health and safety code handbook. FSH 6709.11. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 514 p. (http://www.fs.fed.us/im/directives/fsh/6709.11/FSH6709.pdf)

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Forest Service trail reports 2004. CD with 28 reports in HTML and PDF formats. 0423-2C03-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/rectrails/trailpub.htm)

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 1991. Trails management handbook. FSH 2309.18. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. (http://www.fs.fed.us/cgi-bin/Directives/get_dirs/fsh?2309.18)

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 1996. Forest Service National trail drawings and specifications. EM-7720-103. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. (http://www.fs.fed.us/.ftproot/pub/acad/dev/trails/trails.htm)

U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 2005. Signs and poster guidelines for the Forest Service. EM-7100-15. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. (Reference copies available at Forest Service offices Nationwide.)

Vachowski, Brian. 1995. Gravel bags for packstock. Tech. Rep. 9523-2840-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 9 p. (http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/95232840/)

Vachowski, Brian; Maier, Neal. 1998. Off-highway vehicle trail and road grading equipment. Tech. Rep. 9823-2837-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 20 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/98232837/)

Watson, L'Tanga. 2005. Anchoring trail markers and signs in rocky areas. Tech. Rep. 0523-1202-SDTDC. San Dimas, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, San Dimas Technology and Development Center. 13 p. (Available http://www.fs.fed.us/eng/pubs/pdf/05231202.pdf)

Weisgerber, Bernie; Vachowski, Brian. 1999. An ax to grind: a practical ax manual. Tech. Rep. 9923-2823-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 60 p. (Available http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/fspubs/99232823/)

Wernex, Joe. 1994. Off-highway motorcycle & ATV trails guidelines for design, construction, maintenance and user satisfaction. 2d ed. Pickerington, OH: American Motorcyclist Association. 58 p. (http://www.ama-cycle.org/legisltn/downloads/WernexReport.pdf )

Zeller, Janet; Doyle, Ruth; Snodgrass, Kathleen. 2006. Accessibility guidebook for outdoor recreation and trails. Tech. Rep. 0623-2801-MTDC. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. (Available to Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management employees at http://fsweb.mtdc.wo.fs.fed.us/php/library_card.php?p_num=0623%202801)