Tour, Jim ; Bradshaw, Sunni . 1995. Static Bonding and Grounding When Handling Flammable and Combustible Fuels. 9551 2323. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center.
Build-up of static electricity must be minimized during agitation, dispensing spraying or pouring), and transporting of flammable fuels on or around containers and dispensing equipment. The most effective safeguard is to bleed off any static charge to prevent sparking. Fire and explosion can result when static electricity discharges at or near the mouth of a container of highly flammable fuel such as gasoline. Unbonded 5-gallon gasoline cans that were being filled have exploded in plastic lined pick-up trucks. There have also been explosions when plastic cans were being filled with gasoline in unlined pickups. There are two basic techniques for protecting against the dangers of static electricity: bonding and grounding. These techniques should be strictly followed in areas where flammable and combustible liquids are stored, dispensed, or used.
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