Sharkey, Brian . 2005. Wildland Firefighter Health & Safety Report: No. 9. 0551 2803P. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 16 p.
This issue focuses on vitamins and minerals for wildland firefighters. Generally, current scientific data do not support the need for vitamin or mineral supplements, but do support the need for a balanced and nutritious diet, which will provide all the essential vitamins and minerals. The Research section provides summaries of recent field studies of supplemental feeding and its effect on cognitive function. When firefighters consumed supplemental carbohydrates, they worked harder (even though they didn't feel they had done so) and improved their decision making skills on simple tasks. Another field study considered the influence of hydration on core temperature in wildland firefighters. The Risk Management section outlines the need for vitamins and minerals and summarizes the recommended daily intake and sources of common vitamins and minerals, as well as the functions they perform. The Field Notes section explains how servings of fruits and vegetables are measured and includes a sample food plan that would meet a wildland firefighter's vitamin and mineral needs, as well as other general nutritional needs.
Keywords: body temperature, carbohydrates, cognition, core temperature, electrolytes, fruits, guidelines, hydration, micronutrients, minerals, nutrition, performance, supplements, vegetables, vitamins, wfhsr
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