Sharkey, Brian ; Ruby, Brent ; Cox, Carla . 2002. Feeding the Wildland Firefighter. 0251 2323. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Missoula Technology and Development Center. 6 p.
Describes research on nutritional strategies to improve the health, safety, and productivity of wildland firefighters. Some male firefighters might require over 6,000 kilocalories of food daily, while some females may require more than 5,000 kilocalories. Computerized nutritional analysis of the meals provided in fire camp shows that a firefighter would receive 5,800 calories daily, assuming that the firefighter ate all of the food provided. The analysis also indicated that most meals exceed dietary recommendations for fat and were somewhat low in nutritional carbohydrates. Solid and liquid energy supplements can help firefighters get the nutrition they need. The Missoula Technology and Development Center recommends that firefighters consume one 250-kilocalorie energy bar between breakfast and lunch, another 250-kilocalorie energy bar between lunch and supper, and another 500 kilocalories of energy during the 2 hours after work. In addition, MTDC recommends that one-third to one-half of a firefighter's fluid needs during work (1 liter per hour) be met by drinking a sports beverage. Firefighters should also drink 2 quarts of a sports beverage or juice in the 2 hours immediately after work.
Keywords: beverages, electrolytes, energy bars, energy cost of activities, food products, nutrients, nutrition, nutrition research, sports beverages
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