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Agencies agree to share staff positions for different reasons: for efficiency, for improved customer service and/or to fund a position that neither agency can afford on its own. Often, shared positions evolve from an informal arrangement between two agencies. However, when one person is designated to be a shared staff for a particular function, the agencies must formalize the arrangement.

Shared staff positions are most successful when:

Delegation of Authority

When supervisors and managers are given dual delegation (sometimes called "dual hatting", "cross delegation", or "reciprocal delegation", they are authorized to perform duties for more than one agency, including supervising another agency's employees. They may also be authorized to make decisions regarding another agency's land, sign decision documents (e.g., grazing permits, application for permit to drill, etc.), and obligate or expend funds. At public meetings, dual delegated managers can speak as decision maker for the land managed by either agency.

There are multiple benefits. Dual delegation has been done for efficiency (not filling a vacancy), to improve coordination and communications, to promote customer service (customers no longer have to shop to find the person authorized to answer their questions), and to develop integrated operations in certain administrative and natural resource areas.

Sample Delegation of Authority Letters

Delegation of Authority Checklist:

Examples of Shared Staff Positions

Interagency Administrative Officer, Oregon

Bureau of Land Management

Forest Service

National Park Service

US Fish and Wildlife Service