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Stanley G. Kitchen

Research Botanist

Address: 
735 North 500 East
Provo, UT 84606
Phone: 
801-356-5108
Contact Stanley G. Kitchen

Current Research

I conduct research on historical and current disturbance processes and their effects on the composition, structure and stability of shrublands, woodlands, and forests of the Central Intermountain Region (USA). Studies include:1. Mult-century fire regime and forest reconstructions of Utah and eastern Nevada uplands.2. Fire-vegetation interactions for mountain sagebrush communities.3. Long-term interacting effects of livestock grazing practices, invasive weeds and climate variability on cold-desert ecosystems.I investigate intra-specific variation in life-history attributes for widely-adapted grass, forb and shrub species from the Intermountain West. Attributes of interest include: reproductive potential, mechanisms for seed germination regulation, requirements for seedling establishment and plant longevity.I collaborate in the testing and development of native plant germplasm for use in restoration plantings.

Research Interests

My interests are to use knowledge of past disturbance patterns and vegetation dynamics and their interactions to inform the development of present and future wildland management strategies; improve understanding of interactions between cronic disturbance processes (such as livestock grazing), invasive weeds and climate variability and change; and provide tools (including plant materials) for restoring functional, resilient plant communities.

Past Research

Successful management and restoration strategies require a thorough understanding of natural disturbance regimes and their effects on vegetation. Fire histories provide a means to describe and quantify variation in fire regimes from past eras at various scales of time and space and to assess the ecological effects of current departures from historical conditions.For management and restoration strategies to be successful into the future, improved understanding is needed of the interactions of altered patterns of disturbance, invasive species and climate change.

Why This Research is Important

I have explored within-species variation in seed dormancy and germination regulation for several widely adapted perennial forb, grass and shrub speces with numerous publications.I co-led a program to develop standardized protocols for testing seed purity, viability and germinability for numerous forb, grass and shrub species important for wildland restoration plantings.My work contributed substatially to the release of 'Anatone' bluebunch wheatgrass and Maple Grove' Lewis flax gerplasms for use in restoration plantings.

Education

  • Utah State University, B.S., Secondary Ed/Biology, 1980
  • Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, M.S., Horticulture, 1988
  • Brigham Young University Provo, Utah, Ph.D., Wildlife and Wildland Conservation, 2010
  • Featured Publications

    Publications

    Finch, Deborah M.; Boyce, Douglas A.; Chambers, Jeanne C.; Colt, Chris J.; Dumroese, Kasten; Kitchen, Stanley G.; McCarthy, Clinton; Meyer, Susan E.; Richardson, Bryce A.; Rowland, Mary M.; Rumble, Mark A.; Schwartz, Michael K.; Tomosy, Monica S.; Wisdom, Michael J., 2016. Conservation and restoration of sagebrush ecosystems and sage-grouse: An assessment of USDA Forest Service Science
    Finch, Deborah M.; Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Reeves, Matt C.; Ott, Jeffrey E.; Kilkenny, Francis; Butler, Jack L.; Ott, Jacqueline; Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Ford, Paulette L.; Runyon, Justin B.; Rumble, Mark A.; Kitchen, Stanley G., 2016. Rangeland drought: Effects, restoration, and adaptation [Chap. 8]
    Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Pendleton, Burton K.; Meyer, Susan E.; Richardson, Bryce A.; Esque, Todd; Kitchen, Stanley G., 2015. Blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima Torr.): State of our knowledge and future challenges [Chapter 10]
    Kitchen, Stanley G.; Meyer, Susan E.; Carlson, Stephanie L., 2015. Mechanisms for maintenance of dominance in a nonclonal desert shrub
    Richardson, Bryce A.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Pendleton, Burton K.; Germino, Matthew J.; Rehfeldt, Gerald E.; Meyer, Susan E., 2014. Adaptive responses reveal contemporary and future ecotypes in a desert shrub
    Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Cibils, Andres F., 2014. Humans in changing shrubland ecosystems
    McArthur, E. Durant; Kitchen, Stanley G., 2013. Desert Experimental Range: Annotated bibliography
    Zhang, Yongguang; Moran, M. Susan; Nearing, Mark A.; Campos, Guillermo E. Ponce; Huete, Alfredo R.; Buda, Anthony R.; Bosch, David D.; Gunter, Stacey A.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; McNab, W. Henry; Morgan, Jack A.; McClaran, Mitchel P.; Montoya, Diane S.; Peters, Debra P.C.; Starks, Patrick J., 2013. Extreme precipitation patterns and reductions of terrestrial ecosystem production across biomes
    McArthur, E. Durant; Richardson, Bryce A.; Kitchen, Stanley G., 2013. Great Basin Experimental Range: Annotated bibliography
    Miller, Sue; Meyer, Susan E.; Richardson, Bryce A.; Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Pendleton, Burton K.; Kitchen, Stanley G., 2013. Upwardly mobile in the western U.S. desert: Blackbrush shrublands respond to a changing climate
    Morris, C.; Morris, L. R.; Leffler, A. J.; Holifield Collins, C. D.; Forman, A. D.; Weltz, M. A.; Kitchen, Stanley G., 2013. Using long-term datasets to study exotic plant invasions on rangelands in the western United States
    Graham, John H.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Brown, Michelle L.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Emlen, John M.; Malol, Jagadish; Bankstahl, Elizabeth; Krzysik, Anthony J.; Balbach, Harold; Freeman, D. Carl, 2012. The effects of drought and disturbance on the growth and developmental instability of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)
    Wambolt, Carl L.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Fisina, Michael R.; Sowell, Bok; Keigley, Richard B.; Palacios, Patsy; Robinson, Jill, 2011. Proceedings of the 15th wildland shrub symposium; June 17-19, 2008; Bozeman, MT
    Monaco, Thomas A.; Schupp, Eugene W.; Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Palacios, Patsy K., 2011. Proceedings of the 16th Wildland Shrub Symposium: Threats to Shrubland Ecosystem Integrity; 2010 May 18-20 Logan, UT
    Kitchen, Stanley G., 2010. An 800-year fire history
    Wells, Gail; Hayes, Deborah; Krause, Katrina; Bartuska, Ann; LeVan-Green, Susan; Anderson, Jim; Gough, Tivoli; Adams, Mary; Schuler, Thomas; Kolka, Randy; Sebestyen, Steve; Kenefic, Laura; Brissette, John; Stout, Susan; Kanoti, Keith; Swanson, Fred; Greene, Sarah; Herring, Margaret; Ritchie, Martin; Skinner, Carl; Lisle, Tom; Keppeler, Elizabeth; Reid, Leslie; Wohlegemuth, Peter; Kitchen, Stanley G.; McCaughey, Ward; Guldin, Jim; Bragg, Don; Shelton, Michael; Loftis, David; Greenberg, Cathryn; Murphy, Julia, 2009. Experimental forests and ranges : 100 years of research success stories
    Kitchen, Stanley G., 2008. Cercocarpus Kunth: mountain-mahogany
    Keane II, Robert E.; Agee, James K.; Fule, Peter; Keeley, Jon E.; Key, Carl; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Miller, Richard; Schulte, Lisa A., 2008. Ecological effects of large fires on US landscapes: benefit or catastrophe?
    Kitchen, Stanley G.; Carlson, Stephanie L., 2008. Great Basin cold desert shrublands and the Desert Experimental Range
    Kitchen, Stanley G.; Monsen, Stephen B., 2008. Kochia Roth: kochia
    Kitchen, Stanley G.; Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Monaco, Thomas A.; Vernon, Jason comps., 2008. Proceedings-Shrublands under fire: disturbance and recovery in a changing world; 2006 June 6-8; Cedar City, UT
    Pendleton, Rosemary L.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; McArthur, E. Durant; Mudge, Joann E., 2008. The 'Appar' flax release: Origin, distinguishing characteristics, and use; and a native alternative
    Whittaker, Alison; Roundy, Bruce; Chambers, Jeanne C.; Meyer, Susan E.; Blank, Robert; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Korfmacher, John L., 2008. The effect of herbaceous species removal, fire and cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) on soil water availability in sagebrush steppe
    Kitchen, Stanley G.; McArthur, E. Durant, 2007. Big and black sagebrush landscapes [Chapter 5]
    Sosebee, Ronald E.; Wester, David B.; Britton, Carlton M.; McArthur, E. Durant; Kitchen, Stanley G., 2007. Proceedings: Shrubland dynamics -- fire and water
    Monsen, Stephen B.; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Memmott, Kelly; Shaw, Nancy L.; Pellant, Mike; Young, Stanford; Ogle, Dan; St. John, Loren, 2003. Notice to release Anatone germplasm bluebunch wheatgrass (selected class natural population)
    Kitchen, Stanley G.; Jorgensen, Gary L., 2001. Winterfat decline and halogeton spread in the Great Basin
    McArthur, E. Durant; Kitchen, Stanley G.; Uresk, Daniel W.; Mitchell, J. E., 2000. Applicability of Montreal Process Criterion 2: Productive capacity--to rangeland sustainability
    Big sagebrush plants are easily killed by fire, thus post-fire recovery must be from seeds that either survive fire or are spread from unburned areas, and recovery rate is dependent upon how fast new sagebrush plants are able to establish after fire.
    View of the Desert Experimental Station and administrative buildings after a summer rain.
    The Desert Experimental Range (DER) became an outdoor laboratory representative of a prominent ecosystem under stress with expectations that the research conducted there would have broad application.
    The distribution of plant species and populations will likely be reshaped as climate changes. In the intermountain West, shrub species play critical roles in desert and semi-desert ecosystem function.
    Multi-century fire and forest histories are reconstructed using dendrochronological techniques to assess past variation in fire regimes at various scales of time and space.
    Variation in composition, structure,  recruitment history, and genetic heterozygosity are being assessed for Great Basin bristlecone pine stands across the full geographic and ecological range of distribution.