Many scientists within the Wildlife and Terrestrial Ecosystems Program focus on species considered at risk. These species, often top predators, provide important ecosystem services where they occur, and are often characterized by either small and fragmented populations, specialized habitat requirements, or both. Understanding their habitat requirements and factors limiting their abundance is key to incorporating their needs in land management plans. RMRS scientists and their partners have been instrumental in developing much of the scientific information used in managing these species, and have worked closely with land managers to transfer that information and ensure that it is incorporated in management. In addition to this focus on species autecology, RMRS scientists have led efforts to develop better methods for monitoring Species at Risk, including incorporating genetic methods, and to incorporate food webs and habitat requirements of important prey species in management recommendations. Particular areas of emphasis within this Team include: forest carnivores, Northern goshawks, Mexican spotted owls, bald eagles, black-backed woodpeckers, population and landscape genetics, and developing better methods for monitoring populations of species at risk.