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RM-GTR-264: Biodiversity and management of the madrean archipelago: the sky islands of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico


DeBano, Leonard H.; Ffolliott, Peter H.; Ortega-Rubio, Alfredo; Gottfried, Gerald J.; Hamre, Robert H.; Edminster, Carleton B., tech. coords. 1995. Biodiversity and management of the madrean archipelago: the sky islands of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. 1994 Sept. 19-23; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-264. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 669 p.

This conference brought together scientists and managers from government, universities, and private organizations to examine the biological diversity and management challenges of the unique "sky island" ecosystems of the mountains of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. Session topics included: floristic resources, plant ecology, vertebrates, invertebrates, hydrology and riparian systems, aquatic resources, fire, conservation and management, human uses through time, and visions for the future.

Keywords: biodiversity, madrean archipelago, sky islands, southwestern United States, northwestern Mexico, "sky island" ecosystems, floristic resources, plant ecology, vertebrates, invertebrates, hydrology and riparian systems, aquatic resources, fire


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Contents
PDF File Size: 405 K

The Sky Island Conference: Looking Back, Looking Ahead
Peter F. Ffolliott and Leonard F. DeBano
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PLENARY SESSION

The Madrean Sky Island Archipelago: A Planetary Overview
Peter Warshall
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Prominence of the Sierra Madre Occidental in the Biological Diversity of Mexico
Robert Bye
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The USDA Forest Service Perspective on Ecosystem Management
David G. Unger
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Relationship of Research to Management in the Madrean Archipelago Region
Peter F. Ffolliott, Leonard F. DeBano, and Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
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Northern Sierra Madre Occidental and Its Apachian Outliers: A Neglected Center of Biodiversity
Richard S. Felger and Michael F. Wilson
PDF File Size: 2.3 MB

FLORISTIC RESOURCES

An Overview of the Flora of the Sky Islands, Southeastern Arizona: Diversity, Affinities, and Insularity
Steven P. McLaughlin
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Trees of the Northern Sierra Madre Occidental and Sky Islands of Southwestern North America
Richard S. Felger and Matthew B. Johnson
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Geographic Variation in Plant Species Richness: Lessons from the Sonoran Desert, USA and Mexico, and Northern Territory, Australia
Tony L. Burgess, Julio L. Betancourt, and John R. Busby
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Landscape Complexity, Soil Development, and Vegetational Diversity within a Sky Island Piedmont: A Field Trip Guide to Mt. Lemmon and San Pedro Valley
Joseph R. McAuliffe and Tony L. Burgess
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A Classification System and Map of the Biotic Communities of North America
David E. Brown, Frank Reichenbacher, and Susan E. Franson
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Another Jewel in the Crown: A Report on the Flora of the Sierra de los Ajos, Sonora, Mexico
Mark Fishbein, Richard Felger, and Florentino Garza
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Flora of the Huachuca Mountains, Cochise County, Arizona
Janice E. Bowers and Steven P. McLaughlin
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Flora of the Woodlands of the Sierra de la Laguna, Baja California Sur, Mexico
Jose Luis Leon de la Lu, Raymundo Donlinguez Cadena, Miguel Dominguez Leon, and Rocio Coria Benet
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PLANT ECOLOGY

Forests and Woodlands of the Sky Islands: Stand Characteristics and Silvicultural Prescriptions
Gerald J. Gottfried, Peter F. Ffolliott, and Leonard F. DeBano
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Temperate Pines of Northern Mexico: Their Use, Abuse, and Regeneration
James T. Fisher, Patrick A. Glass, and John T. Harrington
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Dynamics of the Landscape Patches in the Old Growth Forest on Mount Graham (Pinaleno Mountains), Arizona
Duncan T. Patten and Juliet C. Stromberg
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Potential Effects of Climate Change on Lower Treelines in the Southwestern United States
Jake F. Weltzin and Guy R. McPherson
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Factors Affecting the Distribution, Pollination Ecology, and Evolution of Agave chrysantha Peebles and A. palmeri Engelm. (Agavaceae)
Liz Slauson
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Conservation of Madrean Archipelago and Regional Forest Development Projects in Mexico
Luis A. Bojorquez-Tapia, L. A. Pena, C. Alvarez, Ivan Azuara, M Alquicira, and A. Ramirez
PDF File Size: 690 K

Persistence of Uncommon Cryopedic Plants in the Chiricahua Mountains Spruce Forest Island
W. H. Moir
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Characteristics and Consequences of Invasion by Sweet Resin Bush into the Arid Southwestern United States
Elizabeth A. Pierson and Joseph R. McAuliffe
PDF File Size: 1.4 MB

VERTEBRATES

One Hundred Years of Vicissitude: Terrestrial Bird and Mammal Distribution Changes in the American Southwest, 1890 -1990
David E. Brown and Russell Davis
PDF File Size: 1 MB

The Decline of Bighorn Sheep in the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona
Paul R. Krausman, William W. Shaw, Richard C. Etchberger, and Lisa K. Harris
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Introduced Aquatic Vertebrates in the Chiricahua Region: Effects on Declining Native Ranid Frogs
Philip C. Rosen, Cecil R. Schwalbe, DavidA. Parizek Jr., Peter A. Holm, and Charles H. Lowe
PDF File Size: 1.3 MB

Aspects of the Life History and Ecology of the Sonoran Mud Turtle in Southeastern Arizona
Richard C. van Loben Sels, Justin D. Congdon, and Josiah T. Austin
PDF File Size: 550 K

Unisexual Lizards (Genus Cnemidophorus) of the Madrean Archipelago
Charles J. Cole and Herbert C. Dessauer
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Bats of the Madrean Archipelago (Sky Islands): Current Knowledge, Future Directions
Sarah L. Schmidt and David C. Dalton
PDF File Size: 1.5 MB

Ecological Relationships of the Thick-Billed Parrot with the Pine Forests of Southeastern Arizona
Noel F. R. Snyder, Susan Koenig, and Terry B. Johnson
PDF File Size: 755 K

Use of Species/Area Equations to Estimate Potential Species Richness of Bats on Inadequately Surveyed Montane Islands
Ronnie Sidner and Russell Davis
PDF File Size: 685 K

INVERTEBRATES

Diversity and Importance of Native Bees from the Arizona/Mexico Madrean Archipelago
Stephen L. Buchmann
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Temporal Variation in Pollinator Abundance and Pollinator Foraging Behavior in Response to Robbed Flowers
Sarah C. Richardson
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Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Land Snail, Sonorella, in the Madrean Archipelago
Robert D. McCord
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Helminths of Yarrow's Spiny Lizard in the Madrean Archipelago
Stephen R. Goldberg, Charles R. Bursey, and Robert L. Bezy
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HYDROLOGY AND RIPARIAN SYSTEMS

Hydrology and Watershed Management in the Madrean Archipelago
Malchus B. Baker, Jr., Leonard F. DeBano, and PeterF. Ffolliott
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Riparian Zones: Neither Mountain nor Desert
Jack Whetstone
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The Research Program of the Southwest Watershed Research Center
Kenneth G. Renard and Leonard J. Lane
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A Growth and Yield Model of Emory Oak: Applications on Watersheds in Southwestern United States
William Patrick Fowler and Peter F. Ffolliott
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AQUATIC RESOURCES

Sky Island Aquatic Resources: Habitats and Refugia for Native Fishes
John N. Rinne
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Status of Gila Topminnow, and Results of Monitoring the Fish Community in Redrock Canyon, Coronado National Forest, 1979 - 1993
Jerome A. Stefferud and Sally E. Stefferud
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Yaqui River Fishes Relevant to the Madrean Province: U.S. - Mexico Collaborations
Francisco J. Abarca, Kirk L. Young, Buddy L. Jensen, Ivan Parra, Robert H. Bettaso, and Kevin Cobble
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Conservation and Management of Madrean Populations of the Chiracahua Leopard Frog
Michael J. Sredl and Jeffrey M. Howland
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FIRE

Fire Management in the Sky Islands (Luncheon Address)
Larry S. Allen
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Fire and Vegetation in a Madrean Oak Woodland, Santa Catalina Mountains, Southeastern Arizona
Anthony C. Caprio and Malcolm J. Zwolinski
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Fire History in the Pinaleno Mountains of Southeastern Arizona: Effects of Human-Related Disturbances
Henri D. Grissino-Mayer, Christopher H. Baisan, and Thomas W. Swetnam
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Comparison of Fire Regimes and Stand Structures in Unharvested Petran and Madrean Pine Forests
Peter Z. Fule and W. Wallace Covington
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Forest Stand Structure in Mountains of Sonora, Mexico and New Mexico, USA
Jose Villanueva-Diaz and Guy R. McPherson
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Postfire Regeneration in Arizona's Giant Saguaro Shrub Community
R. C. Wilson, M. G. Narog, A. L. Koonce, and B. M Corcoran
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CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT

The National Center of Sustainable Agriculture in Mexico
Ramon Claveran Alonzo
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Ecological Impacts of Cattle Grazing on the Vegetation, Soils, and Wildlife of the Mountains of Sonora
Donald Johnson
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Biodiversity Versus Mining: A Collision of Priorities in Cave Creek Canyon
Noel F. R. Snyder, Karen A. Hayes, and David A. Mullon, Jr.
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Comparison of Methods for Assessing Genetic Diversity in Plants: Applications in Conservation Biology
Glenn R. Furnier
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Obstacles to Achieving Federal Land Management Goals: The Disjunction Between Planning and Funding: A Case Study of the Coronado National Forest, Arizona
Paul W. Hirt
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Management Practices to Benefit Gould's Turkeys in the Peloncillo Mountains, New Mexico
Sanford D. Schemnitz and Mark L. Zornes
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Management and Conservation at the Most Important Sky Island of Baja California Sur
Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
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Prescribed Burning as a Management Tool for Sky Island Bioregion Wetlands, with Reference to the Management of the Endangered Orchid Spiranthes delitescens
Mark Fishbein, Dave Gori, and Donya Meggs
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A Conservation Agreement for the Wet Canyon Talussnail, Graham County, Arizona
Jerome A. Stefferud and Debra T. Bills
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The Formation and History of The Malpai Borderlands Group
Bill McDonald
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HUMAN USES THROUGH TIME

Sky Islands: Gloom or Glory
Ervin H. Zube
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From Casas Grandes to Casa Grande: Prehistoric Human Impacts in the Sky Islands of Southern Arizona and Northwestern Mexico
Patricia M. Spoerl and John C. Ravesloot
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Ethnoecology of the Lone Mountain/San Rafael Valley Ecosystem
Thomas E. Sheridan and Diana Hadley
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Ecotourism and the Madrean Archipelago
David A. King and Brian Czech
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Fuelwood Harvesting in the Sky Islands of Southeastern Arizona
Duane A. Bennett
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VISIONS FOR THE FUTURE

Preserve Design for Maintaining Biodiversity in the Sky Island Region
Dale S. Turner, Susan Brandes, Mark Fishbein, and Paul W. Hirt
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Ecosystem Management Planning in the Forest Service's Southwestern Region
Arthur S. Briggs and Cathy Dahms
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A Nature Reserve System for the Gila River - Sky Island Region of Arizona and New Mexico: Some Preliminary Suggestions
Tony Povilitis
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Ecosystem Planning in the Upper Watersheds of the San Pedro and Santa Cruz Rivers of the Coronado National Forest
Jeanne Wade, Jennifer M. Ruyle, and Paul T. Deecken
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Conservation Opportunities in Borderlands: The Arizona-Sonora Perspective
Francisco J. Abarca, Raymond M. Lee, and James C. de Vos, Jr.
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Wolves and Grass: A Watershed Perspective on the Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan
Jim Tolisano
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POSTER PRESENTATIONS

Ecosystem Management for Lands in Northern Mexico: A Research - Management Partnership
Celedonio Aguirre-Bravo and David R. Betters
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Mexican Legislation for Productive Projects in Sky Islands
Laura Pimentel-Gonzalez, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio, and Heidi Romero-Schmidt
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Research and Conservation Literature and Database for the Borderlands Region
Leonard F. DeBano, Silvia Manzanilla-Naim, Roy R. Pollisco, and Peter F. Ffolliott
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Soil-Climate-Vegetation Relationships in the Sierra de la Laguna, Component of the Sierra Madrean Woodland Element
Yolanda Maya
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Emergence of Aquatic Insects During March-April 1993 from Streams in the Chiricahua National Monument
E. C. Masteller
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Restoration Alternatives for Mexico's Sky Islands: Examples from Guatemalan Forestry
R. Phillips, J. G. Mexal, and R. Beltranena-Orive
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Ecological Conditions in the Overlap Areas of the Pinyon-Juniper and Encinal Woodlands
Roy R. Pollisco, Peter F. Ffolliott, and Gerald J. Gottfried
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Land in the Balance: A Guide to Ecosystem Management
George Ruyle, Lynn Ketchem, Jennifer Ruyle, and Jeanne Wade
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Seed Bank and Tree Fall Gaps in a Mexican Temperate Forest
Carmen Mercado and Laura Arriaga
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The Coronado National Forest's Copper Canyon Drainage: A Picture of Biodiversity
William E. Van Pelt
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Sustainable Development and Sky Islands: The Baja California Sur Experience
Alfredo Ortega-Rubio, Heidi Romero-Schmidt, and Cerafina Arguelles-Mendes
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Simulation of Changes in Stand Structure of Woodlands in the Madrean Archipelago Region
Peter F. Ffolliott and D. Phillip Guertin
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Effects of Grazing History on Insect Communities of a Semi-Arid Grassland
Sandra J. DeBano
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Water Requirements and Potential Uses of Pigeonpeas in Agroforestry Systems Appropriate for Sky Islands Management
Enrique Troyo-Dieguez and Federico Salinas-Zavala
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The Tropical Dry Forest of the Sierra de la Laguna: A Phytogeographical Analysis
Aurora Breceda, Jose Luis Leon de la Luz, and Laura Arriaga
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Life Histories and Demographics of Long-Lived Organisms: Implications for Management and Conservation
Justin D. Congdon, Arthur E. Dunham, Richard C. van Loben Sels, and Josiah T. Austin
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Dendroclimatological Study in the Sierra de La Laguna, B.C.S., Mexico
Sara Diaz-Castro, Laura Arriaga-Cabrera, Daniel Lluch-Cota, and Cesar Salinas-Zavala
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Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems Research in Southeastern Arizona
D. P. Guertin, M. R. Kunzmann, G. L. Christopherson, L. A. Graham, G. L. Ball, H. R.
Gimblett, and C. A. Wissler
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Lizards of the Sierra de La Laguna, Baja California Sur, Mexico
Patricia Galina-Tessaro, Sergio Alvarez-Cardenas, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio, and Alberto Gonzales-Romero
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Multiscale Analysis in Ecosystem Managment for the Lone Mountain/San Rafael Valley Ecosystem Management Area
Carrie Christman and William J. Krausman
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Title: RM-GTR-264: Biodiversity and management of the madrean archipelago: the sky islands of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico
Electronic Publish Date: May 8, 2009
Last Update:
July 7, 2009

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