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Releases of natural enemies in Hawaii since 1980 for classical biological control of weeds
Conant, P.; Garcia, J. N.; Johnson, M. T.; Nagamine, W. T.; Hirayama, C. K.; Markin, G. P.; Hill, R. L. 2013. Releases of natural enemies in Hawaii since 1980 for classical biological control of weeds. In: Wu, Yun; Johnson, Tracy; Sing, Sharlene; Raghu, S.; Wheeler, Greg; Pratt, Paul; Warner, Keith; Center, Ted; Goolsby, John; Reardon, Richard, eds. Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds; September 11-16, 2011; Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. Session 5: Prospects for Weed Biological Control in Pacific Islands. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Online: http://www.invasive.org/proceedings/pdfs/Conant.pdf
A comprehensive review of biological control of weeds in Hawaii was last published in 1992, covering 74 natural enemy species released from 1902 through 1980. The present review summarizes releases of 21 natural enemies targeting seven invasive weeds from 1981 to 2010. These projects were carried out by Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), USDA Forest Service (USFS), University of Hawaii (UH), and US Geological Survey Biological Resources Discipline. An appendix summarizing the chronology and outcomes of releases is included (Appendix 1).
Keywords: biological control, natural enemy species, invasive weeds
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Title: RMRS Other
Publications: Releases of natural enemies in Hawaii since 1980
for classical biological control of weeds
Electronic Publish Date: September 25, 2013
Last Update: September 25, 2013
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