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Substrate controls on the longitudinal profile of bedrock channels: Implications for reach-scale roughness
Goode, Jaime R.; Wohl, Ellen. 2010. Substrate controls on the longitudinal profile of bedrock channels: Implications for reach-scale roughness. Journal of Geophysical Research-Earth Surface. 115: F03018. doi:10.1029/2008JF001188.
In this paper we examine the relationships among bedrock properties and hydraulics in shaping bedrock channel morphology at the reach scale. The Ocoee River and four other bedrock streams in the Blue Ridge province of the southeastern United States, which have reach scale differences in bedrock erodibility controlled by lithologic and structural variation, are the focus of this study. We describe a simple conceptual model for concentrated erosion in bedrock channels and test three hypotheses in order to investigate the interactions among rock erodibility, characteristics of undulating rib like bed forms, reach scale gradient, and hydraulic roughness and energy dissipation. Substrate differences correlate with variation in reach morphology (i.e., gradient, bed form orientation, and amplitude), such that less erodible substrates are associated with steeper reach gradient and with transversely oriented ribs of greater amplitude. One dimensional modeling in HEC RAS indicated that in the reach with the least erodible substrate and greatest bed slope and rib amplitude, the reach averaged hydraulic roughness was the greatest. Increased hydraulic roughness in steeper reaches points to the importance of positive and negative feedbacks in these systems: Greater substrate erosional resistance limits profile lowering, which likely creates steeper bed slopes and greater stream power, creating a self-enhancing feedback. This local increase in stream power is balanced by increased roughness resulting from the erosional processes that produce bedrock ribs, which represents a self regulating feedback. The overall result reflects quantifiable adjustments between substrate resistance and hydraulic driving forces in bedrock channels.
Keywords: bedrock properties, bedrock channel morphology, reach scale
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Publications: Substrate controls on the longitudinal profile of
bedrock channels: Implications for reach-scale roughness
Electronic Publish Date: August 16, 2010
Last Update: August 16, 2010
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