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Toward an ozone standard to protect vegetation based on effective dose: A review of deposition resistances and a possible metric
Massman, W. J. 2004. Toward an ozone standard to protect vegetation based on effective dose: A review of deposition resistances and a possible metric. Atmospheric Environment. 38: 2323-2337.
Present air quality standards to protect vegetation from ozone are based on measured concentrations (i.e., exposure) rather than on plant uptake rates (or dose). Some familiar cumulative exposure-based indices include SUM06, AOT40, and W126. However, plant injury is more closely related to dose, or more appropriately to effective dose, than to exposure. This study develops and applies a simple model for estimating effective ozone dose that combines the plant canopy's rate of stomatal ozone uptake with the plant's defense to ozone uptake. Here the plant defense is explicitly parameterized as a function of gross photosynthesis and the model is applied using eddy covariance (ozone and CO2) flux data obtained at a vineyard site in the San Joaquin Valley during the California Ozone Deposition Experiment (CODE91). With the ultimate intention of applying these concepts using prognostic models and remotely sensed data, the pathways for ozone deposition are parameterized (as much as possible) in terms of canopy LAI and the surface friction velocity. Results indicate that (1) the daily maximum potential for plant injury (based on effective dose) tends to coincide with the daily peak in ozone mixing ratio (ppbV), (2) potentially there are some significant differences between ozone metrics based on dose (no plant defense) and effective dose, and (3) nocturnal conductance can contribute significantly to the potential for plant ozone injury.
Keywords: air quality standards, effective dose, dry deposition resistances, ozone
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Publications: Toward an ozone standard to protect vegetation based
on effective dose: A review of deposition resistances and a possible
Electronic Publish Date: May 23, 2013
Last Update: May 23, 2013
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