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Biology of rust resistance in forest trees: Proceedings of a NATO-IUFRO Advanced Study Institute; August 17-24, 1969


Bingham, Richard T.; Hoff, Raymond J.; McDonald, Geral I., coords. 1972. Biology of rust resistance in forest trees: Proceedings of a NATO-IUFRO Advanced Study Institute; August 17-24, 1969. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1221. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 681 p.

Around the world today is a steadily growing pressure on forest resources--pressure to produce the many goods and services that such lands provide. Highly developed countries and those striving for greater social and economic gains, both look to forests for the material wealth and environment to satisfy human needs. But as efforts increase to manipulate natural forests to better serve mankind, we find that many new problems arise and old ones intensify. Forestry scientists have responded by bringing their skills to focus more effectively on a large array of critical problems. Forest geneticists and pathologists have sought for a long time to comprehend, to utilize, and to stabilize genetic resistance to rust diseases of forest trees. Rust diseases are known to be a major cause of huge timber losses in many parts of the world. Faced with substantial gaps in knowledge and problem solutions of great technical difficulty, the small band of dedicated forest biologists has made steady progress in understanding the biology of rust resistance in forest trees.

Keywords: rust diseases, rust resistance, forest trees, forest resources, stem rust, Puccinia graminis tritici, flax rust, Melampsora lini, white pine blister rust, Cronartium ribicola


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Contents
PDF File Size: 175 K

Preface
PDF File Size: 120 K

Acknowledgements
PDF File Size: 70 K

Panel I. Basic Biology of Rusts and Rust Disease Resistance
Clayton O. Person, Moderator

The Genetics of Rust Fungi
Peter R. Day
PDF File Size: 840 K

Limitations and Advantages of Conifers vs. Agronomic Crops as Resistance Breeding Materials
John W. Duffield
PDF File Size: 620 K

Specificity in Plant Disease
William Q. Loegering
PDF File Size: 700 K

Reflections on Disease Resistance in Annual Crops
J. C. Zadoks
PDF File Size: 1.3 MB

Questions of Race Differentiation Work in Cereal Rusts
Eva Fuchs
PDF File Size: 775 K

Physiology of Rust Resistance
Michael Shaw
PDF File Size: 290 K

Moderator's Summary: Basic Biology of Rusts and Rust Disease Resistance
Clayton O. Person
PDF File Size: 200 K

Panel II. Assay of the World's White Pine Breeding Materials
Richard T. Bingham, Moderator

Section A. Intrinsic Qualities, Growth-Potential, and Adaptation of Native and Introduced White Pines

Intrinsic Qualities and Growth Potential of Pinus Cembra and Pinus Peuce in Europe
Kurt Holzer
PDF File Size: 625 K

Intrinsic Qualities, Acclinatization, and Growth-Potential of White Pines Introduced into Europe, with Emphasis on Pinus Strobus
Richard Schmitt
PDF File Size: - K

White Pines of Asia: Pinus Koraiensis And Pinus Armandii
Sin Kyu Hyun
PDF File Size: 1.2 MB

Pinus Wallichiana A. B. Jackson in Pakistan
Javaid A. Ahsan and M.I.R. Khan
PDF File Size: 625 K

Intrinsic Qualities, Growth-, and Adaptation-Potential of Pinus Wallichiana
P. D. Dogra
PDF File Size: 705 K

White Pines of Japan
Haruyoshi Saho
PDF File Size: 3.8 MB

White Pines in North and Central America: Pinus Strobus and Introduced Asian and European Species
Howard B. Kriebel
PDF File Size: 3.9 MB

White Pines of Western North America and Central America
R. J. Steinhoff
PDF File Size: 4.4 MB

Section B. Relative Blister Rust Resistance of Native and Introduced White Pines

Relative Blister Rust Resistance of Native and Introduced White Pine Species in Europe
Bent F. Soegaard
PDF File Size: 320 K

Relative Blister Rust Some Parts of Europe
J. Gremmen
PDF File Size: 450 K

Relative Blister Rust Resistance of Native and Introduced White Pines in Asia
B. K. Bakshi
PDF File Size: 275 K

Relative Blister Rust Resistance of Native and Introduced White Pines Tested in Eastern North America
Carl Heimburger
PDF File Size: 480 K

Taxonomy, Crossability, and Relative Blister Rust Resistance of 5-Needled White Pines
Richard T. Bingham
PDF File Size: 515 K

Section C. Exchange and Testing of White Pine Materials

Exchanging and Conserving Tree Breeding Materials
Robert C. Callaham
PDF File Size: 425 K

International Resistance Testing of White Pines: Now or Later?
Henry D. Gerhold
PDF File Size: 440 K

Panel III. Tree Rust Resistance Progeny Test Design, Techniques, and Analysis
Walter A. Becker, Moderator

Section A. Lead Paper

The Theoretical Basis of Rust Resistance Testing-Concept of Genetic Gain in Breeding Resistant Trees
Klaus Stern
PDF File Size: 725 K

Section B. Tree Rust Inoculation Problems and Techniques
Robert F. Patton, Section Moderator

Melampsora Pinitorqua (Braun) Rostr. And Peridermium Pini (Willd.) Kleb., Inoculation Problems and Techniques
Allan Klingstrom
PDF File Size: 1.3 MB

Technique for Inoculating Pine Seedlings with Cronartium Fusiforme
Glen A. Snow and Albert G. Kais
PDF File Size: 125 K

An Inoculation System for Cronartium Fusiforme
L. David Dwinell
PDF File Size: 1 MB

Testing for Fusiform Rust Resistance in Slash Pine
Ronald J. Dinus
PDF File Size: 400 K

A Literature Review of Inoculation Techniques Used in Studies of Fusiform Rust
Robert A. Schmidt
PDF File Size: - K

Artificial Inoculation of Large Numbers of Pinus Monticola Seedlings with Cronartium Ribicola
Richard T. Bingham
PDF File Size: 3.3 MB

Inoculation Methods and Problems in Testing Eastern White Pine for Resistance to Cronartium Ribicola
Robert F. Patton
PDF File Size: 695 K

A Rapid Technique for the Determination of Cronartium Ribicola Mycelium in White Pine Bark Tissue
R. M. Rauter and Louis Zufa
PDF File Size: 1.1 MB

Tree Rust Inoculation Problems and Techniques: Section Moderator's Summary
Robert F. Patton
PDF File Size: 160 K

Section C. Design and Analysis of Progeny Tests

Computerized Mapping of Blister Rust Epidemics in Nursery Seed Beds
Roger A. McCluskey
PDF File Size: - K

Estimation of Heritability and Selection Gain for Blister Rust Resistance in Western White Pine
Walter A. Becker and Michael A. Marsden
PDF File Size: 440 K

Panel IV. Pathology and Genetics of Tree Rust Resistance
Peter Schutt, Moderator

Melampsora Pinitorqua (Bruan) Rostr. and Peridermium Pini (Willd.) Kleb. - Some Aspects
Allan Klingstrom
PDF File Size: 335 K

The State of Knowledge in Breeding Rust Resistant Poplars
Victor M. Steenackere
PDF File Size: 600 K

A Brief Conspectus of Pathology and Genetics of Cronartium Ribicola as Related to Resistance
Robert F. Patton
PDF File Size: 795 K

Genetic Variation in Resistance to Cronartium and Peridermium Rusts in Hard Pines
Bohun B. Kinloch
PDF File Size: 1 MB

Physiology and Biochemistry of Resistance to Pine Rusts
Robert C. Hare
PDF File Size: 785 K

Environment in Relation to White Pine Blister Rust Infection
Eugene P. Van Arsdel
PDF File Size: 1.5 MB

Host Response of Pines to Various Isolates of Cronartium Quercuum And Cronartium Fusiforme
Albert G. Kais and Glen A. Snow
PDF File Size: 1 MB

Testing for Pathogenic Variability within Cronartium Fusiforme and Cronartium Quercuum
Harry R. Powers, Jr.
PDF File Size: 350 K

Vegetative Propagation Experiments in White Pine
Louis Zufa
PDF File Size: 1.1 MB

Stem Rusts of Conifers and the Balance of Nature
Raymond J. Hoff and Geral I. McDonald
PDF File Size: 625 K

Pathology and Genetics of Tree Rust Resistance: Moderator's Summary
Peter Schutt
PDF File Size: 120 K

Panel V. Breeding Schemes for Mass-Production of Rust Resistant Trees
Norman E. Borlaug, Moderator

Breeding White Pines for Resistance to Blister Rust at the Interspecies Level
Carl Heimburger
PDF File Size: 420 K

The Long-Range Outlook for Production of Rust Resistant Trees by Induced Mutagenesis
S. Kedharnath
PDF File Size: 500 K

Persistence of Rust Resistance
Hans Hattemer
PDF File Size: 515 K

Mass Production of Improved Forest Tree Planting Stock Through Synthetic Varieties
Ernst J. Schreiner
PDF File Size: 1 MB

Multiple Trait Selection In White Pine Breeding Systems: Blister Rust Resistance, Weevil Resistance, Timber Yield
Henry D. Gerhold
PDF File Size: 355 K

Breeding Poplars Resistant To Various Diseases
Victor M. Steenackers
PDF File Size: 400 K

A White Pine Blister Rust Resistance Breeding Project in Northeastern Minnesota
Scott S. Pauley and Clifford E. Ahlgren
PDF File Size: 245 K

Moderator's Summary: A Cereal Breeder and Ex-Forester's Evaluation of the Progress and Problems Involved in Breeding Rust Resistant Forest Trees
Norman E. Borlaug
PDF File Size: 1.3 MB

VI. Committee Report: International Union of Forest Research Organizations, Subject Group on Genetic Resistance to Forest Diseases and Insects

Report of the 1969 Organizational Meetings of the Working Party for Resistance of White Pines to Blister Rust
Richard T. Bingham, Howard B. Kriebel, and J. Gremmen
PDF File Size: 605 K

Subject Index
PDF File Size: 960 K

Author Index and List of Study Institute Participants
PDF File Size: 620 K


Title: RMRS Other Publications: Biology of rust resistance in forest trees: Proceedings of a NATO-IUFRO Advanced Study Institute; August 17-24, 1969
Electronic Publish Date: May 17, 2010
Last Update:
May 17, 2010

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