Rocky Mountain Research Station Publications
RMRS Online Publication
INT-GTR-253: Silvics of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis)
Arno, Stephen F.; Hoff, Raymond J. 1989. Silvics of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis). General Technical Report INT-253. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 11 p.
Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) is a long-lived tree inhabiting the upper subalpine forest and timberline zone on high mountains of Western North America. The species' habitat, life history, growth and yield, mortality factors, special uses, and genetics are described.
Keywords: forest ecology, subalpine forests, grizzly bear habitat, krummholz, animal seed dispersal
About PDFs: For best results, do not open the PDF in your Web browser. Right-click on the PDF link to download the PDF file directly to your computer. Click here for more PDF help or order a printed copy of this publication.
The PDF below was scanned and converted to text. Some errors may occur.
PDF File Size: 580 K
Silvics of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis)
Publish Date: May 21, 2009
Last Update: May 21, 2009
RMRS Publications | Order a publication | Contact Us