Rocky Mountain Research Station Publications

RMRS Online Publication
RMRS-P-36: Connecting mountain islands and desert seas: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago II

Gottfried, Gerald J.; Gebow, Brooke S.; Eskew, Lane G.; and Edminster, Carleton B., compilers. 2005. Connecting mountain islands and desert seas: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago II. 2004 May 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Proceedings RMRS-P-36. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 631 p.

The Madrean Archipelago, or Sky Island, region of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico is recognized for its great biological diversity and natural beauty. This conference brought together scientists, managers, and other interested parties to share their knowledge about the region and to identify needs and possible solutions for existing and emerging problems. It provided a forum to update the state-of-knowledge acquired since the first conference in 1994. The proceedings contains over 100 articles and additional abstracts from the plenary sessions and from concurrent sessions covering biogeography, ecosystem monitoring, science-based management, cultural resources/history, invasive species, hydrology and biodiversity, conservation planning, ecology, fire, conservation practice, and global climatic change. Abstracts in Spanish are included. The summary of an open forum at the end of the conference provides additional thoughts about current and future needs for the Madrean Archipelago.

Keywords: Madrean Archipelago, Sky Island, southwestern United States, northern Mexico

About PDFs: For best results, do not open the PDF in your Web browser. Right-click on the PDF link to download the PDF file directly to your computer. Click here for more PDF help or order a printed copy of this publication.

Download RMRS-P-36

PDF File Size: 17.5 MB

Download RMRS-P-36 by individual papers

PDF File Size: 60 K

Gerald J. Gottfried, David Hodges
PDF File Size: 100 K

Closing Remarks: Biodiversity and Management of the Madrean Archipelago II: Summary of Discussions During the Concluding Session
Gerald J. Gottfried, Peter F. Ffolliott, Brooke S. Gebow, Shelley Danzer, Laura Arriaga, Daniel G. Neary, and Thomas R. Van Devender
PDF File Size: 165 K

Plenary Sessions

Ecosystem Management in the Madrean Archipelago: A 10-Year (1994-2004) Historical Perspective
Leonard F. DeBano and Peter F. Ffolliott
PDF File Size: 130 K

Landholding Systems and Resource Management in the Sky Island Borderlands
Diana Hadley
PDF File Size: 320 K

Ghostly Grazers and Sky Islands
Paul S. Martin
PDF File Size: 570 K

Fire Histories From Pine-Dominant Forests in the Madrean Archipelago
Thomas W. Swetnam
PDF File Size: 750 K

Plenary Abstracts
PDF File Size: 100 K

Ecological responses to climate variability in time and space: a Southwestern synopsis
Julio L. Betancourt

The dance between science, decision making, and public education for natural resource management
D.C. Goodrich

Insects as agents of change in the Sky Islands
Ann M. Lynch

Biocultural diversity and its conservation in the Mother Mountains
Gary Nabhan


Sexual Differentiation in the Distribution Potential of Northern Jaguars (Panthera onca)
Erin E. Boydston, Carlos A. López González
PDF File Size: 310 K

Predicting Habitat Suitability for Wildlife in Southeastern Arizona Using Geographic Information Systems: Scaled Quail, a Case Study
Kirby D. Bristow, Susan R. Boe, and Richard A. Ockenfels
PDF File Size: 680 K

The Tectonic Evolution of the Madrean Archipelago and Its Impact on the Geoecology of the Sky Islands
David Coblentz
PDF File Size: 570 K

A Quantitative Topographic Analysis of the Sky Islands: A Closer Examination of the Topography-Biodiversity Relationship in the Madrean Archipelago
David Coblentz, Kurt Riitters
PDF File Size: 345 K

Occurrence, Structure, and Nitrogen-Fixation of Root Nodules of Actinorhizal Arizona Alder
J. O. Dawson, G. J. Gottfried, D. Hahn
PDF File Size: 160 K

Distribution of Birds and Plants at the Western and Southern Edges of the Madrean Sky Islands in Sonora, Mexico
Aaron D. Flesch, Lisa A. Hahn
PDF File Size: 350 K

Chiricahua Leopard Frog Status in the Galiuro Mountains, Arizona, With a Monitoring Framework for the Species' Entire Range
Lawrence L. C. Jones, Michael J. Sredl
PDF File Size: 230 K

Flora of the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area, Cochise County, Arizona
Elizabeth Makings
PDF File Size: 435 K

Variation in Populations of Yarrow's Spiny Lizard, Sceloporus jarrovii, in the Northern Madrean Archipelago Region
George Middendorf, Jack Frankel, Douglas Ruby
PDF File Size: 225 K

Lowland Riparian Herpetofaunas: The San Pedro River in Southeastern Arizona
Philip C. Rosen
PDF File Size: 150 K

Herpetofauna of Lowland Bottomlands of Southeastern Arizona: A Comparison of Sites
Philip C. Rosen, William R. Radke, Dennis J. Caldwell
PDF File Size: 250 K

A Preliminary Floristic Inventory in the Sierra de Mazatán, Municipios of Ures and Mazatán, Sonora, México
José Jesús Sánchez-Escalante, Manuel Espericueta-Betancourt, Reyna Amanda Castillo-Gámez
PDF File Size: 255 K

Refugia, Biodiversity, and Pollination Roles of Bumble Bees in the Madrean Archipelago
Justin O. Schmidt, Robert S. Jacobson
PDF File Size: 130 K

First Records of Two Species of Mammals in the Huachuca Mountains: Results of Ecological Stewardship at Fort Huachuca
Ronnie Sidner, H. Sheridan Stone
PDF File Size: 130 K

Historical Biogeography of Longhorn Cactus Beetles: The Influence of Pleistocene Climate Changes on American Desert Communities
Christopher Irwin Smith, Brian Dorsey Farrell
PDF File Size: 140 K

Biogeography of Amphibians and Reptiles in Arizona
Eric W. Stitt, Theresa Mau-Crimmins, Don E. Swann
PDF File Size: 0 K

The Arizona Striped Whiptail: Past and Present
Brian K. Sullivan, Paul S. Hamilton, Matthew A. Kwiatkowski
PDF File Size: 200 K

In Search of the Madrean Line: Biogeography of Herpetofauna in the Sky Island Region
Don E. Swann, Theresa M. Mau-Crimmins, Eric W. Stitt
PDF File Size: 310 K

Floristic Comparison of an Arizona Sky Island and the Sierra Madre Occidental in Eastern Sonora: the Huachuca Mountains and the Yécora Area
Thomas R. Van Devender, Ana L. Reina G.
PDF File Size: 130 K

The Forgotten Flora of la Frontera
Thomas R. Van Devender, Ana Lilia Reina
PDF File Size: 145 K

Hummingbird Conservation: Discovering Diversity Patterns in Southwest U.S.A.
Susan M. Wethington, George C. West, Barbara A. Carlson
PDF File Size: 360 K

Ecosystem Monitoring

An Overview of the Floristic Richness and Conservation of the Arid Regions of Northern Mexico
Laura Arriaga, Elizabeth Moreno, Claudia Aguilar
PDF File Size: 310 K

High-Resolution Climate Monitoring on a Mountain Island: The Saguaro National Park Pilot Study
Michael A. Crimmins
PDF File Size: 820 K

Challenges to Managing Natural Resource Information
William L. Halvorson
PDF File Size: 110 K

Wild Cats of the Sky Islands: A Summary of Monitoring Efforts Using Noninvasive Techniques
Lisa Haynes, Zoe Hackl, Melanie Culver
PDF File Size: 120 K

How Do Humans Restructure the Biodiversity of the Sonoran Desert?
Diane Hope, Corinna Gries, Paige Warren, Madhu Katti, Glenn Stuart, Jake Oleson, Jason Kaye
PDF File Size: 410 K

Using Cluster Analysis and a Classification and Regression Tree Model to Developed Cover Types in the Sky Islands of Southeastern Arizona
Jose M. Iniguez, Joseph L. Ganey, Peter J. Daugherty, John D. Bailey
PDF File Size: 150 K

Long-Term Ecosystem Monitoring and Change Detection: The Sonoran Initiative
Robert Lozar, Charles Ehlschlaeger
PDF File Size: 190 K

Phenology and Trend Indicators Derived From Spatially Dynamic Bi-Weekly Satellite Imagery to Support Ecosystem Monitoring
Barron J. Orr, Grant M. Casady, Daniel G. Tuttle, Willem J. D. van Leeuwen, Laura E. Baker, Colleen I. McDonald, Stuart E. Marsh
PDF File Size: 700 K

Community Based Monitoring: Engaging and Empowering Alberta Ranchers
Michael S. Quinn, Jennifer E. Dubois
PDF File Size: 240 K

Water Quality Monitoring for High-Priority Water Bodies in the Sonoran Desert Network
Terry W. Sprouse, Robert M. Emanuel, Sara A. Strorrer
PDF File Size: 110 K

Vegetation in Transition: The Southwest's Dynamic Past Century
Raymond M. Turner
PDF File Size: 635 K

Science-Based Management

Landscape-Level Impacts of Livestock on the Diversity of a Desert Grassland: Preliminary Results From Long-Term Experimental Studies
Charles G. Curtin
PDF File Size: 300 K

The Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station's Southwestern Borderlands Ecosystem Management Project: Building on 10 Years of Success
Gerald J. Gottfried, Carleton B. Edminster
PDF File Size: 140 K

The Research Ranch - What Do You Do With a Grassland Besides Raise Cows?
Linda Kennedy, Jane H. Bock
PDF File Size: 125 K

Management and Conservation of Tree Squirrels: The Importance of Endemism, Species Richness, and Forest Condition
John L. Koprowski
PDF File Size: 150 K

The Development of Landscape-Scale Ecological Units and Their Application to the Greater Huachuca Mountains Fire Planning Process
Larry E. Laing, David Gori, James T. Jones
PDF File Size: 230 K

Analysis of Landscape Fragmentation in the Peloncillo Mountains in Relation to Wildfire, Prescribed Burning, and Cattle Grazing
John Rogan, Kelley O'Neal, Stephen Yool
PDF File Size: 250 K

Ecosystem Management and Its Role in Linking Science, Policy, and Management
Matthew Skroch
PDF File Size: 140 K

Environmental Change at Kartchner Caverns: Trying to Separate Natural and Anthropogenic Changes
Rickard S. Toomey III, Ginger Nolan
PDF File Size: 660 K

Cultural Resources/History

Natural Setting as Cultural Landscapes: The Power of Place and Tradition
Roger Anyon, T. J. Ferguson, Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh
PDF File Size: 120 K

CHI CH' IL (Acorns): Dissolution of Traditional Dilzhe'e Gathering Practice(s) Due to Federal Control of the Landscape
Christopher Coder, Vincent Randall, Elizabeth Smith-Rocha, Rozella Hines
PDF File Size: 130 K

The Western Apache Home: Landscape Management and Failing Ecosystems
Seth Pilsk, Jeanette C. Cassa
PDF File Size: 375 K

Varmint Control in Cochise County Over the Years
Barbara Tellman
PDF File Size: 160 K

Invasive Species

Changes in the Pinacate Reserve Ecosystems: Invasion of Non-Native Plants
Denise Z. Avila-Jiménez
PDF File Size: 115 K

Monitoring Invasive Plants Using Hand-Held GIS Technology
Theresa M. Mau-Crimmins, Barron J. Orr
PDF File Size: 125 K

Tamarisk and River Restoration Along the San Pedro and Gila Rivers
Juliet Stromberg, Sharon Lite, Charles Paradzick
PDF File Size: 180 K

Hydrology and Biodiversity

The Lower San Pedro River-Hydrology and Flow Restoration for Biodiversity Conservation
Jeanmarie Haney
PDF File Size: 490 K

Hydrology, Ecology, and Management of Riparian Areas in the Madrean Archipelago
Daniel G. Neary, Peter F. Ffolliott, Leonard F. DeBano
PDF File Size: 115 K

Comparing Ecosystem Water and Carbon Exchange Across a Riparian Mesquite Invasion Gradient
Russell L. Scott, Travis E. Huxman
PDF File Size: 315 K

Conservation Practice

Citizens' Council Protecting Sky Island Wildlife Corridor
Roseann Hanson, Emily Brott
PDF File Size: 100 K

Herpetology of the American Madrean Archipelago and Adjacent Valleys
Lawrence L. C. Jones
PDF File Size: 120 K

Herpetology of the Coronado National Forest: Managing Our Natural Heritage
Lawrence L. C. Jones, Charles W. Painter
PDF File Size: 125 K

Coyote Abundance in Relation to Habitat Characteristics in Sierra San Luis, Sonora, México
Eduardo Ponce Guevara, Karla Pelz Serrano, Carlos A. Lopez González
PDF File Size: 680 K

Prospects for Mexican Gray Wolf Recovery in the Sky Islands
Michael J. Robinson
PDF File Size: 100 K

Return of the Tarahumara Frog to Arizona
James C. Rorabaugh, Stephen F. Hale, Michael J. Sredl, Craig Ivanyi
PDF File Size: 200 K

Rangeland Degradation and Restoration in the "Desert Seas": Social and Economic Drivers of Ecological Change Between the Sky Islands
Nathan F. Sayre
PDF File Size: 120 K

Threats to Cross-Border Wildlife Linkages in the Sky Islands Wildlands Network
Kim Vacariu
PDF File Size: 120 K

Conservation Planning

An Assessment of the Spatial Extent and Condition of Grasslands in the Apache Highlands Ecoregion
Carolyn A. F. Enquist, David F. Gori
PDF File Size: 220 K

Building Effective International, Multicultural Alliances for Restoration of Ejido Forests in the Sierra Madre Occidental
Randall Gingrich
PDF File Size: 260 K

History, Extent, and Future of Arizona BLM-Managed Roadless Areas in the Madrean Archipelago
Trevor Hare, Cory Jones
PDF File Size: 125 K

Conservation Priorities in the Apache Highlands Ecoregion
Dale Turner, Rob Marshall, Carolyn Enquist, Anne Gondor, Dave Gori, Eduardo Lopez, Gonzalo Luna, Rafaela Paredes Aguilar, Chris Watts, Sabra Schwartz
PDF File Size: 300 K

Proceedings of Border Institute VI: Transboundary Ecosystem Management
D. Rick Van Schoik
PDF File Size: 135 K


Characterization of Mexican Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis lucida) Habitat in Madrean Sky Island Ecosystems
Shelley Danzer
PDF File Size: 355 K

Safe Harbor: A Tool to Help Recover Topminnow and Pupfish in Arizona
Douglas K. Duncan, Jeremy Voeltz
PDF File Size: 120 K

Kleptoparasitic Behavior and Species Richness at Mt. Graham Red Squirrel Middens
Andrew J. Edelman, John L. Koprowski, Jennifer L. Edelman
PDF File Size: 150 K

Vegetative Characteristics of Oak Savannas in the Southwestern United States: A Comparative Analysis With Oak Woodlands in the Region
Peter F. Ffolliott, Gerald J. Gottfried
PDF File Size: 165 K

Watershed Improvement Using Prescribed Burns as a Way to Restore Aquatic Habitat for Native Fish
David Gori, Dana Backer
PDF File Size: 200 K

Effects of the Chytrid Fungus on the Tarahumara Frog (Rana tarahumarae) in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico
Stephen F. Hale, Philip C. Rosen, James L. Jarchow, Gregory A. Bradley
PDF File Size: 280 K

A Dearth of Data on the Mammals of the Madrean Archipelago: What We Think We Know and What We Actually Do Know
John L. Koprowski, Andrew J. Edelman, Bret S. Pasch, Debbie C. Buecher
PDF File Size: 210 K

Abundance and Food Habits of Cougars and Bobcats in the Sierra San Luis, Sonora, México
Hugo Luna Soria, Carlos A. López González
PDF File Size: 250 K

Post-Fire Saguaro Community: Impacts on Associated Vegetation Still Apparent 10 Years Later
Marcia Narog, Ruth Wilson
PDF File Size: 285 K

Correlates of Vulnerability in Chiricahua Fox Squirrels
Bret S. Pasch, John L. Koprowski
PDF File Size: 140 K

Habitat and Conservation Status of the Beaver in the Sierra San Luis Sonora, México
Karla Pelz Serrano, Eduardo Ponce Guevara, Carlos A. López González
PDF File Size: 225 K

Ecology and Natural History of the Green Rat Snake at Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge, Cochise County, Arizona
William R. Radke, Jacob W. Malcom
PDF File Size: 200 K

GIS and Path Analysis: Examining Associations Between the Birds, the Bees, and Plant Sex in Echinocereus coccineus (Cactaceae)
Summer Scobell, Stewart Schultz
PDF File Size: 380 K

Black Bear Abundance, Habitat Use, and Food Habits in the Sierra San Luis, Sonora, México
Rodrigo Sierra Corona, Ivan A. Sáyago Vázquez, M. del Carmen Silva Hurtado, Carlos A. López González
PDF File Size: 310 K


Effects of Fire on Sonoran Desert Plant Communities
Eddie J. Alford, John H. Brock, Gerald J. Gottfried
PDF File Size: 180 K

Madrean Pine-Oak Forest in Arizona: Altered Fire Regimes, Altered Communities
Andrew M. Barton
PDF File Size: 250 K

Greater Huachuca Mountains Fire Management Group
Brooke S. Gebow, Carol Lambert
PDF File Size: 260 K

No Positive Feedback Between Fire and a Nonnative Perennial Grass
Erika L. Geiger, Guy R. McPherson
PDF File Size: 210 K

An On-line Interface for Integrated Modeling of Wildfire, Climate, and Society for Strategic Planning for the Sky Islands
Barron J. Orr, Wolfgang Grunberg, Amanda B. Cockerham, Anne Y. Thwaits, Heather S. Severson, Noah M. D. Lerman, Rachel M. Miller, Michael Haseltine, Barbara J. Morehouse, Jonathan T. Overpeck, Stephen R. Yool, Thomas W. Swetnam, Gary L Christopherson
PDF File Size: 355 K

Changes in Forest Species Composition and Structure After Stand-Replacing Wildfire in Mountains of Southeastern Arizona
Ronald D. Quinn, Lin Wu
PDF File Size: 240 K

Proposed Wildland Fire Amendment to the Coronado National Forest Land and Resource Management Plan
Sherry A. Tune, Erin M. Boyle
PDF File Size: 110 K

Global Climate Change

Shifts in the Potential Distribution of Sky Island Plant Communities in Response to Climate Change
John A. Kupfer, Jeff Balmat, Jacqueline L. Smith
PDF File Size: 555 K

Climate Mitigation Potential of the San Pedro River Riparian Zone
Dean A. Martens, Jean E. T. McLain
PDF File Size: 245 K

Studies of Methane Fluxes Reveal That Desert Soils Can Mitigate Global Climate Change
Jean E. T. McLain and Dean A. Martens
PDF File Size: 300 K

Poster Papers

The Effects of Fire Events on Soil Geochemistry in Semi-Arid Grasslands
Thomas H. Biggs, Lisa N. Florkowski, Philip A. Pearthree, Pei-Jen L. Shaner
PDF File Size: 460 K

Assessing Indicators of Rangeland Health With Remote Sensing in Southeast Arizona
Jared Buono, Philip Heilman, David Williams, Phillip Guertin
PDF File Size: 130 K

Status of Black-Tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) in Sonora, Mexico
Reyna A. Castillo-Gamez, Rafael Arenas-Wong, Luis Castillo-Quijada, Verónica Coronado-Peraza, Abigail Enríquez-Munguia, Mirna Federico-Ortega, Alejandra García-Urrutia, Alba Lozano-Gámez, Romeo Méndez-Estrella, Laura Ochoa-Figueroa, J.R. Romo-León, Guy Kruse-Llergo, Iván Parra-Salazar
PDF File Size: 320 K

Cultural Resource Management and the Necessity of Cultural and Natural Resource Collaboration
Roderick Kevin Donald, Kara Kusche, Collin Gaines
PDF File Size: 160 K

International Arid Lands Consortium's Contributions to Madrean Archipelago Stewardship
Peter F. Ffolliott, Jeffrey O. Dawson, Itshack Moshe, Timothy E. Fulbright, W. Carter Johnson, Paul Verburg, Muhammad Shatanawi, Donald F. Caccamise, Jim P. M. Chamie
PDF File Size: 105 K

Abundance of Birds in the Oak Savannas of the Southwestern United States
Wendy D. Jones, Carlton M. Jones, Peter F. Ffolliott, Gerald J. Gottfried
PDF File Size: 105 K

Defining Boundaries Across Borders: A Case Study Extending a Major Land Resource Area Into Mexico
Rebecca MacEwen, Roy S. Mann, Philip Heilman, Jeffry Stone, Alicia Melgoza Castillo, D. Phillip Guertin
PDF File Size: 600 K

Pollination of Pima Pineapple Cactus (Coryphantha scheeri var. robustispina): Does Pollen Flow Limit Abundance of This Endangered Species?
Christopher J. McDonald, Guy R. McPherson
PDF File Size: 170 K

Monitoring Post-Fire Vegetation Regeneration in a Madrean Ecosystem
Kelley J. O'Neal, John Rogan, Stephen R. Yool
PDF File Size: 145 K

Evaluation of Post-Wildfire Runoff and Erosion on Semiarid Ecological Sites
Ginger B. Paige, Jeffry J. Stone, D. Phillip Guertin
PDF File Size: 165 K

Vegetation-Environment Relations of the Chisos Mountains, Big Bend National Park, Texas
Helen M. Poulos, Ann E. Camp
PDF File Size: 670 K

Management of Thinned Emory Oak Coppice for Multiple Resource Benefits
D. Catlow Shipek, Peter F. Ffolliott
PDF File Size: 110 K

Vascular Plants and Vertebrate Inventories in Sonoran Desert National Parks
Cecilia A. Schmidt, Eric W. Albrecht, Brian F. Powell, William L. Halvorson
PDF File Size: 120 K

Short-Term Effects of Fire on Sky Island Ant Communities
Elliot B. Wilkinson, Edward G. Lebrun, Mary Lou Spencer, Caroline Whitby, Chris Kleine
PDF File Size: 235 K

Abstracts and Resúmenes
(Presenters who submitted only abstracts, which are listed alphabetically by lead author in the Abstracts section.)
PDF File Size: 700 K

Title: RMRS-P-36: Connecting mountain islands and desert seas: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago II
Electronic Publish Date: December 12, 2005
Last Update:
January 29, 2010

RMRS Publications | Order a publication | Contact Us