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Provo Shrub Sciences Lab
Contact Information
  • Provo Shrub Sciences Lab
  • 735 North 500 East
  • Provo, UT 84606-1856
  • (801) 356-5100
  • (801) 375-6968 (fax)
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Stanley Kitchen
Stanley Kitchen

USDA Forest Service,

Rocky Mountain Research Station, Shrub Sciences Laboratory

735 North 500 East, Provo, Utah 84606

ph: (801) 356-5109; FAX: (801) 375-6968, e-mail: skitchen@fs.fed.us

Professional Background

Education:

M.S. 1988 Horticulture Brigham Young University Provo, Utah

B.S. 1980 Secondary Ed./Biology Utah State University

Logan, Utah

Employment:

2002-present Research Botanist, USFS, Rocky Mountain Research Station

1988-2002 Botanist, USFS, Rocky Mountain Research Station

1986-1988 Biological Technician, Utah Division of Wildlife Resources

1980-1986 Science Instructor, North Sanpete School District, Mt. Pleasant, Utah, DODDS, Balboa, Panama, Snow College, Ephraim, Utah.

Professional Affiliations:

Society for Range Management (1988-present), Association for Fire Ecology (2000-present), Tree Ring Society 2001-present

Current Position Description:

The scientist is a research botanist assigned to Rocky Mountain Research Station Research Work Unit RMRS-4253 (Shrubland Biology and Restoration), located at the Shrub Sciences Laboratory in Provo, Utah.

Stan Kitchen manages the Desert Experimental Range (DER). Stan Kitchen has served as the Station Research Natural Area (RNA) Coordinator for Region 4 since March 2000. He has been an active member of the Utah Interagency Plant Materials Committee since 1989. Since 1997 he has functioned as the laboratory representative to the Association of Official Seed Analysts (AOSA), representing RWU interests on AOSA subcommittees regarding the development of testing protocols for seed used in reclamation and restoration plantings.

Kitchen conducts research investigations related to aspects of life-history strategy for Intermountain shrub, grass, and forb species for which basic auto-ecological information is lacking. Specific attention is given to elucidating patterns of intra-specific variability for widely adapted species. Major objectives of his research include: (1) examining aspects of reproductive potential (fecundity) including flower/seed production and seed/fruit maturation rates, (2) identifying mechanisms for seed germination regulation (e.g. seed dormancy and germination rates), (3) determining seedling establishment requirements, (4) plant longevity, and (5) evaluating plant responses to drought and fire. Results have direct practical application, and are used by the researcher and others in species selection and development programs essential for providing seed sources for shrubland restoration . Results are used to develop seed testing protocols in support of seed commerce regulatory requirements.

Active studies:

· Investigation of seed dormancy and germination requirements in four globemallow (Sphaeralcea) species (lead role).

· Investigation of seed dormancy and germination requirements for needle-and-thread (Hesperostipa comata) and Thurber needlegrass (Achnatherum thurberianum) (lead role).

· Enhancement of seedling vigor and establishment attributes of bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata) ecotypes (co-lead role).

· Evaluation of forage kochia (Kochia prostrata) ecotypes for salt-desert adaptation, burning tolerance, stature, and seed characteristics (co-lead role).

· Evaluation of seed production and culture techniques for selections of Lewis flax (Linum lewisii), Palmer and thickleaf penstemons (Penstemon palmeri and P. pachyphyllus), and forage kochia (Kochia prostrata) (lead role).


· Development of reliable standards for testing water content, purity, and viability of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentate) seed (lead role).

Kitchen also conducts collaborative research on the impacts of disturbance on the composition, structure, and stability of shrublands, woodlands, and forests of the Great Basin. Major objectives of his research include: (1) reconstructing temporal and spatial aspects of fire regimes for Southern Utah and Eastern Nevada woodland and forest communities and elucidating related effects on plant community structure and composition, (2) investigating interacting relationships between fire and weed invasibility for big sagebrush and pinyon-juniper communities in the Great Basin, (3) assessing long-term effects of grazing season and intensity by domestic livestock on diversity and stability of salt-desert shrublands, and (4) examining effects of invasive introduced weeds on salt-desert shrubland stability.

Results will provide land managers with currently unavailable information regarding historic and modified roles of fire across a broad range of inter-connected cover types found in Southern Utah and Eastern Nevada.

Work on objective 3 and 4 is accomplished primarily as part of long-term studies conducted at the Rocky Mountain Research Station, Desert Experimental Range (DER), Millard County, Utah for which the incumbent has a lead programmatic and administrative role. Results are used by various agency and private land managers to evaluate successional patterns and management options for salt-desert shrublands of North America. Active studies related to Problem 3 include:

· Ponderosa pine fire histories for isolated Southeastern Great Basin stands (lead role).

· Fire regimes across an elevational gradient in Great Basin National Park (lead role.)

· Fire regimes and forest structure across landscapes of Southern Utah: a multi-scale history from tree rings (co-lead role).

· Winterfat decline and halogeton spread in the Great Basin (lead role).

· Restoration of shrublands to weed infested, salt-desert sites (lead role).

*for previous publications please see Shrub Sciences Laboratory Publications.

Click here to see Stan Kitchen's Publications