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Human Factors & Risk Management
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Human Factors & Risk Management (HFRM) is engaged in a wide variety projects.

Project Title Focal Areas
Conduct Studies Synthesize Knowledge Build Theory Advance Leadership
Project Title Focal Areas
Conduct Studies Synthesize Knowledge Build Theory Advance Leadership
click/enter to expand or collapse Agency Safety Learning Journeys Agency Safety Learning Journeys

In 2010, Forest Service's National Leadership Council set its sight on a new level of safety. The first activity was to conduct a series of "safety learning journeys" to see how other leading organizations have developed an effective safety culture. HFRM staff is assisting this effort in a variety of ways. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Benchmarking High Reliability Practices in Wildland Fire Benchmarking High Reliability Practices in Wildland Fire

Teams and organizations that excel at operating safely in disaster-prone circumstances – like wildfire – organize and behave in specific ways. They think and act differently than other organizations. These processes and actions are called 'high reliability practices'. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Communicative Construction of Safety in Wildland Firefighting Communicative Construction of Safety in Wildland Firefighting

This Joint Fire Science Program funded and HFRM sponsored PhD research explores communication practices within wildland firefighting crews to understand what facilitates and inhibits member-learning (and thus high reliability operations) at the crew level. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Comprehensive Wellbeing Comprehensive Wellbeing

A foundational theory for high performance in the Forest Service includes the importance of stress-recovery cycles, coaching & mentoring, and comprehensive wellbeing. HFRM has been benchmarking programs being offered in other organizations, sending employees to assess existing training, and developing a proposal for the National Leadership Team. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Fire Reviews Fire Reviews

We engage in a variety of experimental action-research projects (i.e., in partnership with management) to incorporate the latest science and best practices on learning from events and safety into actual reviews. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Human Performance Improvement Human Performance Improvement

Human Performance Improvement (HPI) was selected by the National Leadership Council as the fourth strategic investment. The Associate Deputy Chief of National Forest Systems leads the effort to staff out what it would take to fully implement HPI, with assistance from HFRM staff and collaborators.

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Incident Management Organization Succession Incident Management Organization Succession

In 2011 HFRM staff led an effort to gain feedback from the interagency fire community concerning how to best organize and manage national wildland fire Incident Management Teams. The effort was requested by the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) Executive Board. The team collected feedback from nearly 900 respondents across the country (858 on-line survey respondents and 57 who submitted email comments). Results show strong support for the status quo in some areas, such as maintaining a strong role for the militia, but also strong support for change, such as increasing support for managers who allow their non-fire employees (militia) to engage in incident activities.More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Key Decision Log Key Decision Log

In 2008-2009 HFRM worked with National Fire and Aviation Management and the National Incident Management Organization teams to develop, test, and deliver the Key Decision Log (KDL).

The conceptual foundation of the KDL rests on theories of organizational performance, safety, and organizational learning. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Learning from Escaped Prescribed Fire Reviews Learning from Escaped Prescribed Fire Reviews

HFRM leads a Joint Fire Science Project to understand and improve individual and organizational learning when a review is conducted of an escaped prescribed fire. This work is a collaborative effort that draws on subject matter experts (Thomas, Renoveling), academic researchers (Ziegler, Notre Dame and Valparaiso University), and interagency fire leaders (field and headquarters).

Five dialogue sessions have been held throughout the US, receiving high compliments from attendees. Analysis of data has begun and podcasts are being planned. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Mindfulness & Self-compassion in Wildland Fire: Developing Leaders Mindfulness & Self-compassion in Wildland Fire: Developing Leaders

This HFRM and National Fire Plan funded dissertation research "investigates the roles of mindfulness and self-compassion in wildland fire as they pertain to the development of leadership with the aim of improving decision-making abilities." More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse National Incident Management Organization (NIMO) National Incident Management Organization (NIMO)

HFRM co-led the mid-course evaluation of the National Incident Management Organization 'Continuous Improvement in Wildland Fire' program.

HFRM provided the contractor with background context on the organization, assisted in refining the survey sample population and sample development, reviewed draft survey materials, participated in trainings, served as the co-reader and Subject Matter Expert for all responses, assisted in interpretation and developing report of results.

    
click/enter to expand or collapse National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) Consultations National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) Consultations

In 2011 HFRM lead the stakeholder feedback effort for National Wildfire Coordinating Group's Incident Management Organization Succession Planning Team. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Northern Rockies Fire Science Network Northern Rockies Fire Science Network

HFRM staff serve as the Principal Investigator for The Northern Rockies Fire Science Network, which "seeks to enhance communication between managers and scientists about fire management issues and research products". For more information, please visit: http://nrfirescience.org/

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Operationalizing Strategic Risk Management Operationalizing Strategic Risk Management

HFRM staff - by request of National Wildlife Coordinating Group (NWCG) Fuels Committee - led an effort in 2012 to revise and update the Interagency wildland fire implementation guide. The purpose was to incorporate decision aids and processes from long-duration resource benefit fires with those of protection objective fires to produce a single, integrated document aligning strategic, tactical and operational risk management. This three month effort was fully integrated with the NWCG training revision of the Advanced Fire Management Applications course.

    
click/enter to expand or collapse RMRS Safety Practitioner's Team RMRS Safety Practitioner's Team

HFRM staff serves on the Rocky Mountain Research Station's innovative 'Safety practitioner/learning team', charged with modeling an open, positive approach to understanding events, their consequences, and facilitating shared learning. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Regional Safety Engagement Sessions Regional Safety Engagement Sessions

The first step of the internal Safety Learning Journeys included Regional leadership trips to the field to build skills and understanding in the proposed engagement sessions. HFRM staff participated in four of five Region 1 leadership's day-long Safety Engagement Sessions, and served as Cadre I and II trainers for the agency-wide roll-out in which every US Forest Service employee participated.

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Safety Systems Design Safety Systems Design

HFRM staff and collaborators played a major role in designing a national meeting in 2011 with agency safety leaders and member of the NLC to explore the latest science of complex systems safety in order to begin design work on the Forest Service safety systems. Leading experts David Woods from Ohio State University and Sidney Dekker from Griffith University in Australia participated in the meeting. Members of the Safety Learning Journey (Los Alamos, Coast Guard, URS) also joined the meeting.

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Serious Accident Investigation Reform Serious Accident Investigation Reform

Serious Accident Investigation Guide

HFRM provided critical review for the Department of Interior's proposed revision of the Serious Accident Investigation Guide.

Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM)

Current protocols for providing psychological first-aid to affected employees lag current neurological and psychological research findings. HFRM staff have met with the national leader for CISM to discuss future development of CISM and peer-support teams. Contracting barriers have been identified as a major problem and potential solutions are being explored.

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Serious Accident Investigation Support Serious Accident Investigation Support

Our experience and work provide strong evidence for the need to reform the process and products of serious accident investigations, as well as models of how to do it better. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Staff Rides Staff Rides

The Staff Ride, an organizational learning tool adapted from the US Army, is a premier experiential learning event that the wildland fire community has adopted. HFRM staff participate in the development and review of wildland fire Staff Rides. For instance, in 2012, they assisted as human factors reviewers of the new Cramer Staff Ride. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Support for Advanced Degrees Support for Advanced Degrees

Leadership in risk management and high performance requires an on-going investment in developing subject matter expertise. HFRM sponsors advanced studies at a variety of Universities, and works to integrate this new expertise back into on-going projects and programs. More »

    
click/enter to expand or collapse Support for Advanced Skill Development Support for Advanced Skill Development

Leadership in risk management and high performance requires an on-going investment in leadership development. More »