Jack L. Butler
Supervisory Research Ecologist
8221 South Highway 16
Rapid City, SD 57702
Contact Jack L. Butler
1. Biology, ecological impact, and management of invasive plants.2. Long-term evaluation of patterns of vegetation recovery following successful suppression of invasive plants.3. Establishing ecological thresholds for managing grassland vegetation, especially in reference to managing prairie dog colonies as habitat for black-footed ferrets.
My research interests focuses on the ecology and management of the vegetation associated with the grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and forests of the Northern Great Plains. This includes the effects of invasive plants on the ecosystem structure, function, and sustainability, and vegetation management in relation to natural and anthropogenic distubances.
The Northern Great Plains contains some of the largests undisturbed tracts of native grasslands in the United States. These diverse ecosystems provide a wide variety of consumptive and non-consumptive resources. Research is needed to develop the innovative tools and techniques that provide a range of sustainable alternatives consistent with the compromises that are often inherent in simultaneously managing for multiple use.
Why This Research is Important
1. I have published several papers on the ecology and management on probably the most endangered plant community in the Northern Great Plains, the Green-Ash Draw.2. I was heavily involved the National Vegetation Mapping Program in the Northern Great Plains where I worked on team mapping and classifying a wide variety of plant communities.3. I was part of large-scale research and demonstration project funded and administered by the Agricultural Research Service. The Project, called TEAM (The Ecological Area-wide Management) Leafy Spurge evaluated the ecology and management of leafy spurge on a regional basis (ND, SD, WY, and MT).
- Southeastern Oklahoma State University, BS Wildlife Conservation, 1979
- North Dakota State University, MS Botany, 1983
- Texas A&M University, Ph.D. Range Science, 1986
Featured Publications & Products
- Butler, Jack L.; Wacker, Stefanie D. 2010. Lack of native vegetation recovery following biological control of leafy spurge.
- Butler, Jack; Pearson, Dean; Kim, Mee-Sook. 2009. Invasive Species Working Group: Research Summary and Expertise Directory.
- Kim, Mee-Sook, Coord..; Butler, Jack, ed. 2009. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 3).
- Kim, Mee-Sook, coord.; Butler, Jack, ed. 2008. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 2).
- Kim, Mee-Sook, coord.; Butler, Jack, ed. 2008. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 1).
Publications & Products
- Piya, Sarbottam; Nepal, Madhav P.; Butler, Jack L.; Larson, Gary E.; Neupane, Achal. 2014. Genetic diversity and population structure of sickleweed (Falcaria vulgaris; Apiaceae) in the upper Midwest USA.
- Butler, Jack L.; Wacker, Stefanie D. 2013. Sickleweed on the Fort Pierre National Grasslands: An emerging threat.
- Helms, Emily R.; Xu, Lan; Butler, Jack L. 2012. Contributions of seed bank and vegetative propagules to vegetation composition on prairie dog colonies in western South Dakota.
- Roemmich, Aurora R.; Butler, Jack L.; Larson, Gary E.; Turnipseed, E. Brent. 2012. Germination response of prairie dropseed and hairy goldaster to stratification and temperature.
- Piya, Sarbottam; Nepal, Madhav P.; Neupane, Achal; Larson, Gary E.; Butler, Jack L. 2012. Inferring introduction history and spread of Falcaria vulgaris Bernh. (Apiaceae) in the United States based on herbarium records.
- Runyon, Justin B.; Butler, Jack L.; Friggens, Megan M.; Meyer, Susan E.; Sing, Sharlene E. 2012. Invasive species and climate change (Chapter 7).
- Pearson, Dean; Sutherland, Steve; Butler, Jack; Smith, Jane; Sieg, Carolyn. 2011. I. Plants.
- Pearson, D. E.; Kim, M.; Butler, J. 2011. Rocky Mountain Research Station invasive species visionary white paper.
- Nosshi, Maged Ikram; Butler, Jack; Trlica, M. J. 2007. Soil nitrogen mineralization not affected by grass species traits.
- Butler, Jack L.; Parker, Matthew S.; Murphy, John T. 2006. Efficacy of flea beetle control of leafy spurge in Montana and South Dakota.
- Wacker, Stefanie D.; Butler, Jack L. 2006. Potential impact of two Aphthona spp. on a native, nontarget Euphorbia species.
- Butler, Jack L.; Cogan, Daniel R. 2004. Leafy spurge effects on patterns of plant species richness.