We do not have an adequate understanding of the factors and processes regulating composition, growth, development, and function of forest vegetation.
Korol, Ronni L. 2001. Physiological attributes of 11 northwest conifer species.
Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-73. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture,
Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 9 p.
McCaughey, Ward W., Tombeck, Diana F. The natural regeneration process. In:
Tomback, Diana F.; Arno, Stephen F.; Keane, Robert E., eds. Whitebark Pine
Communities: Ecology and Restoration. Washington, DC: Island Press: 105-120.
Carlson, Clinton E.: Weldon, Leslie. 2000. The Bitterroot Ecosystem Management
Research Project: How did it happen? In: Smith, Helen Y., ed. Proc. RMRS-P-17. The
Bitterroot Ecosystem Management Research Project: What We Have Learned-Symposium
Proceedings; 1999 May 18-20; Missoula. MT. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of
Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 3-5.
Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy. 2000. Research in progress: Disturbance regimes in the
riparian zones of western Montana. In: ECO-Report. Winter, 2000-01: 6.
Long-term and new research progresses on ecology, disturbance, and management
approaches in western larch. Douglas-fir, and lodgepole pine forests. With
Fire Plan funding and a biobased products initiative, we initiated several new
studies. At the Tenderfoot Creek Experimental Forest (TCEF), we are testing
innovative silvicultural treatments in lodgepole pine forests that can be
extrapolated throughout the Northern Rockies. We completed experimental thinning
treatments and prepared sites for prescribed burning treatments. We valuated
those thinnings, which resulted in an above-cost sale and an additional sale of
firewood. New studies include information on lodgepole pine physiology,
quantification of canopy fuels, noxious weed inventories, and bee population
dynamics. Baseline data were collected on vegetation, climate, and hydrologic
parameters in lodgepole pine communities. The Natural Resources Conservation
Service, for their national SNOTEL network, installed two automated weather
stations including fire weather instrumentation used by fire specialists. Further
information can be found at the Tenderfoot Research Project .
Whitebark pine studies focused on stand composition and cone production,
regeneration probabilities on varying site conditions, and age distributions, and
plantation success on different habitat types. State of the knowledge information
on whitebark pine was published recently in a book, "Whitebark Pine Communities -
Ecology and Restoration".
We performed final measurements in a western larch spacing study initiated in
1961. Estimates of runoff following thinning at different densities will result,
an information need specifically identified by our partners on the Flathead
National Forest. We took final measurements of larch regeneration studies
evaluating the effectiveness of natural and artificial regeneration approaches.
Demonstration studies installed at Lick Creek continue to demonstrate the value of
thinning and prescribed burning. Miller Creek Demonstration Forest illustrates
the influence of thinning/slashing on shrub succession and conifer growth.
Computer models under development enable land managers to analyze management
scenarios and determine tradeoffs.