Implementation Monitoring (IM)
Management Support Documents
Stream Monitoring Protocols
MIM - MONITORING STREAM CHANNELS AND RIPARIAN VEGETATION- Multiple Indicators. This document is a monitoring protocol for assessing livestock grazing effects on streambanks and riparian vegetation. Draft 2010.
(Appendices and More)
Region 1 - MEASURING BANK ALTERATION AND PROPER USE OF ANNUAL GRAZING USE INDICATORS (most up-to-date version)
Utilization Studies and Residual Measurements. This document is an
Interagency Monitoring Guide. Technical Reference 1734-3. 1996
Other helpful links and
properly select the Designated Monitoring Area.
The document provides guidance for selecting DMAs.
Monitoring Protocol Meeting -
Logan, Utah - September 21-24, 2004. This document is a summary of a field
review meeting which described steps intended to provide coordination and
structure to the ongoing process of developing, using, and refining monitoring
protocols by providing an opportunity for sharing information and ideas, and for
constructive critiques. (76 KB)
Repeatability of Riparian Vegetation Sampling Methods: How useful are these
techniques for Broad-Scale, Long-term Monitoring.
This document examines
variability among observers for riparian vegetation collection methods and data
(461 KB) December 2004.
Undaunted Stewardship, through Montana State University, created an annotated
bibliography to serve as a resource for research on the effects of grazing on riparian habitat, soil, vegetation, wildlife and weeds. The searchable database bibliography contains abstracts of research & scientific papers published between 1985 and 2007.
Findings of University of Idaho Stubble Height Study Team.
The document below provides details on
how to correctly monitor and apply herbaceous stubble height to management of
livestock grazing in riparian areas. The accompanying POWERPOINT
presentation provides stubble height guidance and a summary of the findings. (980 Kb) July
Height as a Tool for Management of Riparian Areas.
The classic literature summary for
stubble height as a monitoring tool in riparian areas – authored by Warren P.
Clary and Wayne C. Leiniger.
(4.3 Mb) November 2000
Stubble Height as a Surrogate for “utilization”.
This paper provides stubble
heights developed from height-weight curves for nine Key Riparian graminoids.
(375 Kb) March 1999
National Riparian Service Team Report, including: implementation monitoring in
the Morgan Creek Allotment.
The document below summarizes interpretations of monitoring data and trend, of
Morgan Creek and tributaries, within the Morgan Creek cattle allotment.
Kb) March 2003
Beaverhead Riparian Guidelines (or livestock move triggers) – Methods and
In the first document
(June 2003), data is provided that shows streambank alteration
is the trigger that causes pasture moves, stubble height rarely is the trigger
that initiates a move. In the
second document, livestock use levels are arrived
at by setting a desired future condition (DFC), and assessing the potential,
sensitivity, and inherent stability of the riparian area.
(139 Kb) (120
BLM’s method for determining allowable grazing use levels,
from Streambank Alteration.
Allowable livestock use levels,
reflecting streambank alteration or disturbance, are based on general hydrologic
principles, since there is little specific research listed in the literature.
(163 Kb) March 2002
Riparian Processes – Guidelines from the Caribou/Targhee National Forest.
An excellent summary of riparian processes and riparian monitoring parameters
and management systems: (1.1
Mb) April 2002
basic riparian monitoring guide: “Monitoring the Vegetation Resources in
Riparian Areas” (2000).
By: Alma H. Winward. The document below summarizes Winward’s
methods for monitoring riparian vegetation, including greenline composition and
woody species regeneration. 2000
Consistency in effectiveness monitoring attributes.
The report below summarizes
efforts to achieve common effectiveness monitoring protocols for the Northwest
Forest Plan and the PACFISH/INFISH area. (2.1
Sustainable Rangelands Roundtable Report.
This Roundtable is a collaborative which has
distilled a set of five criteria and 64 indicators for rangeland inventory and
monitoring at multiple scales – Refer to Chapter 3.
PIBO Effectiveness Monitoring protocols are
not be applicable to the IM database since they are limited to EM. These links
are provided for information purposes.
PACFISH/INFISH Biological Opinion (PIBO)
Effectiveness Monitoring (EM) program. (Reports,
The PACFISH/INFISH Effectiveness Monitoring (EM) program.
basic PIBO monitoring approach.
(3.7 Mb) March 2004
variability among samples and observers using the PIBO sampling protocols.
variability was lowest for stream habitat methods describing reach, streambank,
and cross-section variables.
Kb) March 2004
Compiled by Tim Burton,
Office; Kerry Overton, Angelica Vicente, & Emily Leavitt RMRS Boise Aquatic Sciences Lab