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Forest Sustainability Reporting in the United States
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Criteria & Indicators for Forest Sustainability

This section presents each of the 64 indicators included in the Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators set (MP C&I)—the factual data that constitute the nuts and bolts of sustainability reporting.

The main goal in presenting all of this data is to provide a better foundation for assessing the sustainability of our Nation’s forests. More than 30 Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, scientists and collaborators were involved in assembling the information in this report, all experts in their respective fields. As a result, the indicator briefs presented in this report should be seen as windows into broad areas of forest science and research. Moreover, because of the comprehensive nature of the MP C&I and its explicit hierarchical structure, the information presented in this section of the report constitutes a reference resource for forests in the United States that is unparalleled in terms of its breadth and easy accessibility.

Figure 2-1

Click on each of the criteria below to view their related indicators. Some criteria may have subcriteria, as they have been grouped together by the Montréal Process.

Criterion 1: Conservation of Biological Diversity

Describes the types of forest found in the United States, the area they inhabit, and the diversity of plants and animals found within them (9 indicators; view Criterion 1)

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Criterion 2: Maintenance of Productive Capacity of Forest Ecosystems

Describes the capacity of our forests to produce products that are valued by society (5 indicators; view Criterion 2)

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Criterion 3: Maintenance of Ecosystem Health and Vitality

Describes the health or our forests and the various disturbance processes that occur in them (2 indicators; view Criterion 3)

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Criterion 4: Conservation and Maintenance of Soil and Water Resources

Describes the condition of soil and water in our forests and the steps we are taking to sustain these resources (5 indicators; view Criterion 4)

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Criterion 5: Maintenance of Forest Contribution to Global Carbon Cycles

Measures the amount of carbon stored in our forests and in long-lasting wood products, and the amount of carbon emissions avoided through the use of wood for energy (3 indicators; view Criterion 5)

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Criterion 6: Maintenance and Enhancement of Long-Term Multiple Socioeconomic Benefits To Meet the Needs of Societies

Describes the various social and economic aspects of forests in the United States, including (1) production and consumption of forest outputs; (2) investments in forests and the forest sector; (3) employment and forest communities; (4) recreation and tourism; and (5) the cultural and spiritual values associated with forests (20 indicators; view Criterion 6)

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Subcriterion. Production & Consumption

Subcriterion. Investment in the Forest Sector

Subcriterion. Employment & Community Needs

Subcriterion. Recreation & Tourism

Subcriterion. Cultural, Social & Spiritual Needs & Values

Criterion 7: Legal, Institutional, and Economic Framework for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Management

Describes the laws, policies and institutions that help determine forest management in the United States (20 indicators; view Criterion 7)

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Subcriterion. Extent to Which the Legal Framework Supports Sustainable Forest Management

Subcriterion.

Subcriterion. Extent to Which the Economic Framework Supports Sustainable Management

Subcriterion. Capacity To Measure and Monitor Changes in Sustainable Management of Forests

Subcriterion. Research and Development Capacity Aimed at Improving Forest Management

Source: National Report on Sustainable Forests — 2010