T B Jain
1221 South Main Street
Moscow, ID 83843
Contact T B Jain
As a research forester in silviculture, my current research is focused on developing, implementing and evaluating management strategies that meet integrated restoration and fuels management objectives. Often management strategies do not address one objective; rather multiple objectives such as wildlife habitat, fire resilience or other objectives need to simultaneously be met. My goal is to provide options and alternatives that may address these multiple objectves and with these options report the trade-offs and benefits asscoiated with these management strategies. I use the Experimental Forest Network within the Rocky Mountains to implement these landscape studies in moist and dry mixed conifer forests. My studies are located on Priest River and Deception Creek Experimental located within moist mixed conifer forests, and Boise Basin and Black Hills Experimental Forests located within dry mixed conifer Forests. The studies range from as small as 150ha to as large as 800ha. The particular studies within each Experimental Forest, have their own set of objectives. For example, at Priest River Experimental Forest the objective is to enhance diversity and heterogeneity, restore keystone species such as western white pine, and create a diversity of surface and crown fuels from the site to the landscape using silvicultural concepts. Silviculture science is also an integrated science; thus I also conduct synthesis or develop products that integrate mutliple studies to achieve a particular outcome. For example, most recently, I was the lead author on a comprehenisive fuel synthesis of dry mixed conifer forests (RMRS-GTR-292). I also just published an indix for characterizing post-fire environments by integrating information from approximately a 100 different literature sources (see featured publications).
My interest involves discovering and describing natural phenomena but also demands that such discoveries be integrated into silvicultural methods (vegetation and forest floor treatments) and systems (planned series of treatments through time) and be tested across multiple spatial scales and within multiple forest structures and compositions. Although silvicultural methods and systems are well developed for producting forest products, they are ill defined or non-existent when it comes to treating fuels, providing sense-of-place, maintaining wildlife habitat, or managing for other societal values both known and unforeseen.
Contrary to traditional thinking that western white pine can only grow in large openings, I discovered the species can establish and grow within many different sized canopy gaps. This discovery subsequently led to developing canopy opening thresholds (i.e., establishment, competitive advantage, and free-to-grow) for the species to explicitly aid in management decisions and applications. The impact of this research has resulted in consensus building amoung the differing management philosophies of stakeholders and forest managers. I used my canopy opeing knowledge discovery to produce silvicultural systems to create a diversity of forest structures and compositions within and among landscapes. Contrary to applying treatments at a stand scale (~10 ha), the systems I designed are applicable for treating landscapes, a rarity in science of silviculture.
In this field of science, because it is so diverse, I have been involved in studies associated with maintaining long-term soil productivity, implimenting and understanding the benefits and trade-offs of mastication, and devoping treatment strategies for restoring old ponderosa pine and western larch.
Why This Research is Important
My goal in my job is not to succeed personally as a research scientist. I work for the citizens of the United State; thus I think it is very important to focus on applied science that is applicable to managers, forest landowners and the public. Thus the greatest compliment I receive is when managers or citizens come to me and say you taught me something and you are making a difference in the future of our forests. Only then do I know I am on the right track. Thus the results of my research studies are applicable for, but are not limited to, restoring forests, producing wildlife habitat, and for treating fuels to modify wildfire behavior and burn severity throughout the western United States. However, the concepts I introduce also have a wider range of application beyond the western United States; for example, some of these concepts are being included in a new document called Research to Practice through the European Research Institute.
- University of Idaho, Moscow, Bachelors Forest Management, 1982
- University of Idaho, Moscow, Masters Silviculture and soil process, 1994
- University of Idaho, Moscow, Ph.D. Silviculture, landscape ecology, and applied statistics, 2001
- Research Forester, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire, Fuels, and Smoke Research Program, Moscow, ID
2008 - 2009
- Research Forester, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Forest and Woodland Ecosystems Research Program Moscow, ID
2007 - 2008
- Research Forester, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Moscow, ID
2001 - 2007
- Forester, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Moscow, ID
1989 - 2001
- Forestry Technician, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Moscow, ID
1982 - 1989
- Forestry Trainee, USDA Forest Service, Bonners Ferry Ranger District, Bonners Ferry, ID.
1979 - 1982
- Society Of American Foresters, Forest Science, Associate Editor (2011 - Current)
I am associate editor for Forest Science in fire and silviculture.
- Ecological Society of America, Member (2010 - Current)
- Association Of Fire Ecology, Member (2008 - Current)
- Society Of American Foresters, Western Journal Of Applied Forestry, Associate Editor (2007 - Current)
I have been associate editor for the Western Journal of Applied Forestry in silviculture, forest ecology, and fire.
- Society Of American Foresters, Member (1989 - Current)
I have been an active member of the SAF; in the last 15 years; I have taken different leadership roles. These have provided opportunities to network with a variety of disciplines in the field of forest resoruces.
Awards & Recognition
- National Accessibility Honoree for Individual Commitment and Leadership, 2012
I was presented this sward for providing consistent commitment and leadership in the advancement and integration of accessibility.
- Alumni Achievement Award., 2010
This award is given to a college alumnus who has graduated within the past 10 years and has an exceptional career record with continued outstanding attainment in the future
- National Award for Outstanding Contributions in Silviculture, 2007
Outstanding contributions in the field of Silviculture at the National Silviculture workshop, Ketchikan, Alaska. This award is given bi-annually by my professional peers from throughout the United States.
- Friend of Dirt, 2006
In appreciation of your never-ending support of the Forest Soils Program on the Payette National Forest: Your efforts are greatly appreciated.
- Forester of the Year, 2005
This was given to me by people in the forestry profession within the Inland Northwest
Featured Publications & Products
- Jain, Theresa B.; Battaglia, Mike A.; Han, Han-Sup; Graham, Russell T.; Keyes, Christopher R.; Fried, Jeremy S.; Sandquist, Jonathan E. 2012. A comprehensive guide to fuel management practices for dry mixed conifer forests in the northwestern United States.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Pilliod, David S.; Graham, Russell T.; Lentile, Leigh B.; Sandquist, Jonathan E. 2012. Index for characterizing post-fire soil environments in temperate coniferous forests.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Adams, David. 2010. Carbon concentrations and carbon pool distributions in dry, moist, and cold mid-aged forests of the Rocky Mountains.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Loseke, Mark. 2009. Fuel treatments, fire suppression, and their interaction with wildfire and its impacts: the Warm Lake experience during the Cascade Complex of wildfires in central Idaho, 2007.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Gould, William A.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S.; Lentile, Leigh B.; Gonzalez, Grizelle. 2008. A soil burn severity index for understanding soil-fire relations in tropical forests.
- Jain, Theresa; Juillerat, Molly; Sandquist, Jonathan; Ford, Mike; Sauer, Brad; Mitchell, Robert; McAvoy, Scott; Hanley, Justin; David, Jon. 2007. Vegetation and soil effects from prescribed, wild, and combined fire events along a ponderosa pine and grassland mosaic.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T. 2005. Restoring dry and moist forests of the inland northwestern U.S..
Publications & Products
- Dobre, Mariana; Elliot, William J.; Wu, Joan Q.; Link, Timothy E.; Glaza, Brandon; Jain, Theresa B.; Hudak, Andrew T. 2012. Relationship of field and LiDAR estimates of forest canopy cover with snow accumulation and melt.
- Jain, Theresa B. 2012. The role of experimental forests in science and management.
- Hudak, Andrew T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Morgan, Penelope; Clark, Jess T. 2011. Remote sensing of WUI fuel treatment effectiveness following the 2007 wildfires in central Idaho.
- Fraver, Shawn; Jain, Terrie; Bradford, John B.; D'amato, Anthony W.; Kastendick, Doug; Palik, Brian; Shinneman, Doug; Stanovick, John. 2011. The efficacy of salvage logging in reducing subsequent fire severity in conifer-dominated forests of Minnesota, USA.
- Jain, Theresa; Barrett, Tara M. 2011. The western Kenai Peninsula: An opportunity to study fire and its effects on soils and trees.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Kingery, James L. 2010. Ameliorating conflicts among deer, elk, cattle and/or other ungulates and other forest uses: a synthesis.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Matthews, Susan. 2010. Fuel management in forests of the Inland West.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Sandquist, Jonathan. 2010. Integrated management of carbon sequestration and biomass utilization opportunities in a changing climate: Proceedings of the 2009 National Silviculture Workshop; 2009 June 15-18; Boise, ID..
- Jain, Theresa B. 2010. Introduction.
- Clark, Rachael; Jain, Theresa. 2009. Breakthrough at the Missouri River Breaks: A quick tool for comparing burned and unburned sites.
- Schnepf, Chris; Graham, Russell T.; Kegley, Sandy; Jain, Theresa B. 2009. Managing organic debris for forest health: Reconciling fire hazard, bark beetles, wildlife, and forest nutrition needs.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Gould, William A.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S.; Lentile, Leigh B.; Gonzalez, Grizelle. 2008. A soil burn severity index for understanding soil-fire relations in tropical forests [Chinese version].
- Dumm, Gabriel; Fins, Lauren; Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2008. Distribution of fine roots of ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir in a central Idaho forest.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2008. Learning, connecting, reconnecting: Summary of the 2007 National Silviculture Workshop.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Sandquist, Jonathan; Butler, Matthew; Brockus, Karen; Frigard, Daniel; Cobb, David; Sup-Han, Han; Halbrook, Jeff; Denner, Robert; Evans, Jeffrey S. 2008. Restoration of northern Rocky Mountain moist forests: Integrating fuel treatments from the site to the landscape.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2007. Changes in forest soils as the result of exotic diseases, timber harvest, and fire exclusion and their implications on forest restoration.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Juillerat, Molly; Sandquist, Jonathan; Sauer, Brad; Mitchell, Robert; McAvoy, Scott; Hanley, Justin; David, John. 2007. Forest descriptions and photographs of forested areas along the breaks of the Missouri River in eastern Montana, USA.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Sandquist, Jonathan. 2007. Free selection: a silvicultural option.
- Jain, Theresa; Juillerat, Molly; Sandquist, Jonathan; Ford, Mike; Sauer, Brad; Mitchell, Robert; McAvoy, Scott; Hanley, Justin; David, Jon. 2007. Photographic handbook for comparing burned and unburned sites within a dry forested and grassland mosiac: a tool for communication, calibration, and monitoring post-fire effects.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2007. Stand and fuel treatments for restoring old-growth ponderosa pine forests in the interior west (Boise Basin Experimental Forest).
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T. 2007. The relation between tree burn severity and forest structure in the Rocky Mountains.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2007. Treatments that enhance the decomposition of forest fuels for use in partially harvested stands in the moist forests of the northern Rocky Mountains (Priest River Experimental Forest).
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S. 2006. The relation between forest structure and soil burn severity.
- Halbrook, Jeff; Han, Han-Sup; Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Denner, Robert. 2006. Mastication: A fuel reduction and site preparation alternative.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2005. Application of free selection in mixed forests of the inland northwestern United States.
- Peterson, David L.; Johnson, Morris C.; Agee, James K.; Jain, Theresa B.; McKenzie, Donald; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D. 2005. Forest structure and fire hazard in dry forests of the Western United States.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2005. Ponderosa pine ecosystems.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2005. Silvicultural tools applicable in forests burned by a mixed severity fire regime.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Cannon, Phil. 2005. Stand establishment and tending in the Inland Northwest.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Boise Basin Experimental Forest (Idaho).
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Deception Creek Experimental Forest (Idaho).
- Jain, Theresa Benavidez; Graham, Russell T. 2004. Enhancing moist forest restoration opportunities in riparian systems.
- Jain, Theresa Benavidez; Graham, Russell T. 2004. Is forest structure related to fire severity? Yes, no, and maybe: Methods and insights in quantifying the answer.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa Benavidez. 2004. Past, present, and future role of silviculture in forest management.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Priest River Experimental Forest (Idaho).
- Graham, Russell T.; McCaffrey, Sarah; Jain, Theresa B. 2004. Science basis for changing forest structure to modify wildfire behavior and severity.
- Hudak, Andrew; Morgan, Penelope; Stone, Carter; Robichaud, Pete; Jain, Terrie; Clark, Jess. 2004. The relationship of field burn severity measures to satellite-derived Burned Area Reflectance Classification (BARC) maps.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Pilliod, David S. 2004. Tongue-tied: Confused meanings for common fire terminology can lead to fuels mismanagement.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Morgan, Penelope. 2004. Western white pine growth relative to forest openings.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Their, Ralph; Michael, Wilson. 2003. Fire effects assessment using FIA data in the northern and central Rocky Mountains.
- Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T. 2003. Fire severity classification: Uses and abuses.
- Peterson, David L.; Johnson, Morris C.; Agee, James K.; Jain, Theresa B.; McKenzie, Donald; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D. 2003. Fuels planning: Managing forest structure to reduce fire hazard.
- Graham, Russell T.; Harvey, Alan E.; Jain, Theresa B.; Tonn, Jonalea R. 1999. The effects of thinning and similar stand treatments on fire behavior in Western forests..
- Ferguson, Dennis E.; Applegate, Victor J.; Aune, Philip S.; Carlson, Clinton E.; Geier-Hayes, Kathleen; Graham, Russell T.; Jacobsen, Glenn L.; Jain, Theresa B.; Powell, David C.; Shepperd, Wayne D.; Sloan, John P.; Youngblood, Andrew. 1997. Communicating the role of silviculture and Forest Service silviculture research in the interior West.
- Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B. 1995. Closing remarks: A visit to Dr. Stout's and Dr. Murphy's forest health clinic.
- Graham, Russell T.; Harvey, Alan E.; Jurgensen, Martin F.; Jain, Theresa B.; Tonn, Jonalea R.; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S. 1994. Managing coarse woody debris in forests of the Rocky Mountains.
- Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Graham, Russell T.; Jain, Theresa B.; Simmerman, Dennis G. 1994. Short-term effects of prescribed fire in grand fir-white pine-western hemlock slash fuels.