2431 Joe Johnson Drive, Room 274 EPSB
University of Tennessee, Dept. of Forestry, Wild., and Fish
Contact Stacy Clark
My research primarily centers on artificial regeneration (i.e., planting) of oak (Quercus) and American chestnut (Castanea dentata). I use pedigreed material to test genetic or breeding effects on nursery seedling quality and field performance after planting. Silvicultural treatments, including prescribed burning, herbicide treatments, and commercial timber operations, are tested to develop the most effective and economically efficient prescriptions that can be used to regenerate oak and American chestnut species through planting.
Another portion of my research is to reconstruct stand history and tree-climate interactions through the use of tree-rings (i.e., dendrochronology). The study of tree-rings is a robust and powerful tool that can assist managers in understanding natural processes that developed current forest conditions. Tree-ring research can also be used to predict responses to future man-made or natural disturbances or to climate changes.
Why This Research is Important
TREE-RING RESEARCH (DENDROCHROLOGY) Through analysis of tree rings, historical documents, and stand inventory data, we have discovered that many oak forests are shifting towards non-oak species. These predicted changes will result in decreased ecological diversity and function, and forests will be less valuable to wildlife species if no management action is taken. The study of tree-rings allows us to understand how past disturbances and climate conditions created the stand conditions we see today. Managers can use this information to improve stand resiliency and adaptability to climate change, exotic pests, and other disturbances.
OAK RESTORATION RESEARCH We can maintain or restore oak species through active forest management. Sunlight and presence of large oak reproduction prior to disturbance to the overstory are important factors in oak restoration. Commercial forest management, herbicides, and prescribed fire can be used to improve the oak component by increasing light and controlling non-oak species. Tree planting of oak seedlings can supplement natural oak regeneration when it is lacking or when large oak reproduction is needed immediately. Seedlings can be improved through cultural practices and genetic selections are currently being tested. Locally adapted seedlings should be used for planting, but testing of seed sources for planting in warmer and drier environments should also be conducted.
AMERICAN CHESTNUT RESEARCH American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was once a prolific tree species in the eastern United States and was highly valued for its wood, nuts, and aesthetics. The tree has been virtually extirpated by exotic pathogens from Asia, most notably, the chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica). Advancements in genetic breeding for resistance to blight are being achieved, but no prescriptions have been accepted for planting and maintaining chestnut in natural forest communities where it once thrived. Technological advancements in commercial nursery production are in the early testing stages for this species. Early results indicate strategies for early success in planting American chestnut are similar to oak species: use high-quality seedlings, protect from deer, plant in high-light environments, and reduce hardwood competition. American chestnut appears to have fast growth after overcoming planting shock and is competitive with most native tree species; however non-native pests including root rot caused by Phythophthora cinnamomi, have negatively impacted planting success. Mitigation to for these pests is currently being tested.
- Oklahoma State University, Ph.D. Plant Science 2003
- The University of Tennessee, M.S. Forestry 1999
- The University of Tennessee, B.S. Forest Resource Management 1996
- Southern Appalachian Cooperative Ecosystems Studies Unit, Liaison (2012 - Current)
Serve as Liaison for Forest Service
- The University Of Tennessee, Adjunct Faculty (2007 - Current)
Served as committee member for M.S. and PhD students working on American chestnut research within the Foresty, Wildlife, and Fisheries Department.
- Natural Areas Association, Member (2004 - Current)
- Society Of American Foresters, Member (1997 - Current)
Served as chair of Mountain Lakes Chapter in 2007, co-chair in 2006
Featured Publications & Products
- Clark, Stacy L.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Saxton, Arnold M.; Hebard, Frederick V. 2016. Establishment Of American Chestnuts (Castanea Dentata) Bred For Blight (Cryphonectria Parasitica ) Resistance: Influence Of Breeding And Nursery Grading.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Pinchot, Cornelia C.; Anagnostakis, Sandra L.; Saunders, Michael R.; Thomas-Van Gundy, Melissa; Schaberg, Paul; McKenna, James; Bard, Jane F.; Berrang, Paul C.; Casey, David M.; Casey, Chris E.; Crane, Barbara; Jackson, Brian D.; Kochenderfer, Jeff D.; MacFarlane, Russ; Makowske, Robert; Miller, Mark D.; Rodrigue, Jason A.; Stelick, Jim; Thornton, Christopher D.; Williamson, Tyler S. 2014. Reintroduction Of American Chestnut In The National Forest System.
- Clark, Stacy; Schlarbaum, Scott; Schweitzer, Callie. 2015. Effects Of Visual Grading On Northern Red Oak (Quercus Rubra L.) Seedlings Planted In Two Shelterwood Stands On The Cumberland Plateau Of Tennessee, Usa.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Saxton, Arnold M.; Hebard, Fred V. 2012. Nursery Performance Of American And Chinese Chestnuts And Backcross Generations In Commercial Tree Nurseries.
- Pinchot, Cornelia; Clark, Stacy; Schlarbaum, Scott; Saxton, Arnold; Sung, Shi-Jean; Hebard, Frederick. 2015. Effects Of Temporal Dynamics, Nut Weight And Nut Size On Growth Of American Chestnut, Chinese Chestnut And Backcross Generations In A Commercial Nursery.
- Hart, Justin L.; Clark, Stacy L.; Torreano, Scott J.; Buchanan, Megan L. 2011. Composition, Structure, And Dendroecology Of An Old-Growth Quercus Forest On The Tablelands Of The Cumberland Plateau, Usa..
- Knapp, Benjamin O.; Wang, G. Geoff; Clark, Stacy L; Pile, Lauren S.; Schlarbaum, Scott E. 2014. Leaf Physiology And Morphology Of Castanea Dentata (Marsh) Borkh., Castanea Mollissima Blume, And Three Backcross Breeding Generations Planted In The Southern Appalachians, Usa.
- Schweitzer, Callie; Clark, Stacy L.; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Stringer, Jeff; Sitzlar, Robbie. 2014. Proactive Restoration: Planning, Implementation, And Early Results Of Silvicultural Strategies For Increasing Resilience Against Gypsy Moth Infestation In Upland Oak Forests On The Daniel Boone National Forest, Kentucky.
- McNab, W. Henry; Spetich, Martin A.; Perry, Roger W.; Haywood, James D.; Laird, Shelby Gull; Clark, Stacy L.; Hart, Justin L.; Torreano, Scott J.; Buchanan, Megan L. 2014. Climate-Induced Migration Of Native Tree Populations And Consequences For Forest Composition.
- Case, Ashley E.; Mayfield, Albert (Bud); Clark, Stacy L.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Reynolds, Barbara C. 2016. Abundance And Frequency Of The Asiatic Oak Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) And Defoliation On American, Chinese, And Hybrid Chestnut ( Castanea ).
- Varner, Julian (Morgan); Arthur, Mary; Clark, Stacy; Dey, Daniel C.; Hart, Justin; Schweitzer, Callie. 2016. Fire In Eastern North American Oak Ecosystems: Filling The Gaps.
- Sung, Shi-Jean Susana; Clark, Stacy L.; Schlarbaum, Scott; Dey, Daniel C.; Leduc, Daniel J. 2016. Performance Of Container-Grown Seedlings Of American Chestnut Backcross Hybrids Bc3 F3 Generation In Central Louisiana.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Keyser, Tara L.; Schweitzer, Callie J.; Spetich, Marty; Simon, Dean; Warburton, Gordon S. 2016. Response Of Planted Northern Red Oak Seedlings To Regeneration Harvesting, Midstory Removal, And Prescribed Burning.
- Belair, Ethan P.; Saunders, Mike R.; Clark, Stacy L. 2014. Effects Of Simulated Prescribed Fire On American Chestnut And Northern Red Oak Regeneration.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Schweitzer, Callie Jo. 2013. Red Maple (Acer Rubrum) Response To Prescribed Burning On The William B. Bankhead National Forest, Alabama.
- Wang, G. Geoff; Knapp, Benjamin O.; Clark, Stacy L.; Mudder, Bryan T. 2013. The Silvics Of Castanea Dentata (Marsh.) Borkh., American Chestnut, Fagaceae (Beech Family).
- Clark, Stacy L. 2013. The Reintroduction Of The American Chestnut.
- Dey, Daniel C.; Stambaugh, Michael C.; Clark, Stacy L.; Schweitzer, Callie J., eds. 2012. Abstracts Of The Proceedings Of The 4th Fire In Eastern Oak Forests Conference.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Mcnab, Henry; Loftis, David; Zarnoch, Stanley. 2012. American Chestnut Growth And Survival Five Years After Planting In Two Silvicultural Treatments In The Southern Appalachians, Usa.
- Pinchot, Cornelia C.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Franklin, Jennifer A.; Buckley, David S.; Clark, Stacy L.; Schweitzer, Callie J.; Saxton, Arnold M.; Hebard, Frederick V. 2012. Early Results Of A Chestnut Planting In Eastern Kentucky Illustrate Reintroduction Challenges.
- Dey, Daniel C.; Stambaugh, Michael C.; Clark, Stacy L.; Schweitzer, Callie J., eds. 2012. Extended Abstracts Of The Proceedings Of The 4th Fire In Eastern Oak Forests Conference.
- Clark, Stacy; Schlarbaum, Scott; Saxton, John; Hebard, Fred; Blanton, John; Casey, David ; Crane, Barbara; MacFarlane, Russ; Rodrigue, Jason; Jim, Stelick. 2012. Lessons From The Field: The First Tests Of Restoration American Chestnut (Castanea Dentata) Seedlings Planted In The Southern Region.
- Pederson, Neil; Tackett, Kacie; McEwan, Ryan W.; Clark, Stacy; Cooper, Adrienne; Brosi, Glade; Eaton, Ray; Stockwell, R. Drew. 2012. Long-Term Drought Sensitivity Of Trees In Second-Growth Forests In A Humid Region.
- Dey, Daniel C.; Stambaugh, Michael C.; Clark, Stacy L.; Schweitzer, Callie J., eds. 2012. Proceedings Of The 4th Fire In Eastern Oak Forests Conference.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Franzreb, Kathleen E.; Greenberg, Cathryn H.; Keyser, Tara; Loeb, Susan C.; Loftis, David L.; McNab, W. Henry; O'Keefe, Joy M.; Schweitzer, Callie Jo; Spetich, Martin. 2012. Researching Effects Of Prescribed Fire In Hardwood Forests.
- Spetich, Martin A.; Perry, Roger W.; Harper, Craig A.; Clark, Stacy L. 2011. Fire In Eastern Hardwood Forests Through 14,000 Years.
- Pinchot, Cornelia C.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Saxton, Arnold M.; Clark, Stacy L.; Schweitzer, Callie J.; Smith, David R.; Mangini, Alex.; Hebard, Frederick V. 2011. Incidence Of Craesus Castaneae (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) On Chestnut Seedlings Planted In The Daniel Boone National Forest, Kentucky.
- Grayson, Stephen F.; Buckley, David S.; Henning, Jason G.; Schweitzer, Callie J.; Clark, Stacy L. 2011. Influence Of Alternative Silvicultural Treatments On Spatial Variability In Light In Central Hardwood Stands On The Cumberland Plateau.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Saxton, A.M.; Hebard, Fred V. 2011. Making History: Field Testing Of Blight-Resistant American Chestnut (Castanea Dentata) In The Southern Region.
- Schweitzer, Callie Jo; Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Stringer, Jeff W.; Clark, Stacy L.; Loftis, David L. 2011. Using Silviculture To Sustain Upland Oak Forests Under Stress On The Daniel Boone National Forest, Kentucky.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Schweitzer, Callie J.; Schlarbaum, Scott E.; Dimov, Luben D.; Hebard, Frederick V. 2010. Nursery Quality And First-Year Response Of American Chestnut (Castanea Dentata) Seedlings Planted In The Southeastern United States.
- Zak, Joel C.; Dimov, Luben D.; Schweitzer, Callie Jo; Clark, Stacy L. 2010. Relationship Between Herbaceous Layer, Stand, And Site Variables In The Bankhead National Forest, Alabama.
- Rhoades, Chuck; Loftis, David; Lewis, Jeffrey; Clark, Stacy. 2009. The Influence Of Silvicultural Treatments And Site Conditions On American Chestnut (Castanea Dentata) Seedling Establishment In Eastern Kentucky, Usa.
- Anagnostakis, S; Clark, Stacy; Mcnab, Henry. 2009. Preliminary Report On The Segregation Of Resistance In Chestnuts To Infestation By Oriental Chestnut Gall Wasp.
- Clark, Stacy; Brosi, Sunshine; Schlarbaum, Scott; Grissino-Mayer, Henri. 2008. Dendrochronology Of Two Butternut (Juglans Cinerea) Populations In The Southeastern United States.
- Clark, Stacy; Spetich, Martin; Evans, Zander. 2008. Drought In The Southeast.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Torreano, Scott J.; Loftis, David L.; Dimov, Luben D. 2007. Twenty-Two Year Changes In Regeneration Potential In An Old-Growth Quercus Forest In The Mid-Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee.
|American Chestnut Restoration Research|
Hundreds of blight-resistant American chestnut trees planted last winter in three national forests in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia ar ...