Susan C. Loeb
233 Lehotsky Hall, Clemson University
Clemson, SC 29634
My research goals are to understand the biology and ecology of eastern forest bats to develop methods and guidelines for their conservation and recovery. Areas of current research include ecology of threatened and sensitive species such as the Indiana bat and Rafinesque’s big-eared bat, effects of forest management practices on bat habitat use and community structure, and developing and testing methods to monitor bat populations across the landscape.
I am interested in the ecology, evolution, and conservation of mammalian species in natural systems and how these species adapt to anthropogenic changes. I am also interested in developing and testing new techniques for furthering our knowledge of mammalian species.
My previous research addressed interactions between the southern flying squirrel (Glaucomys volans) and the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis). I also studied the importance of coarse woody debris and other forest structural characteristics on small mammals of southeastern forests.
Why This Research is Important
Bats are important components of healthy forest ecosystems and provide critical ecological services in forests, agroecosystems, and urban areas. Bat populations throughout the world have been declining for decades due to habitat disturbance, destruction and fragmentation. However, in recent years bat species have experienced even higher rates of mortality due to collisions with wind turbines and White-nose Syndrome, an emerging disease that has decimated bat populations throughout the eastern U.S. Further, some bat species will likely suffer negative effects due to climate change although other species may benefit from changing climates. Unfortunately, our knowledge and understanding of bat biology and ecology is not sufficient to allow managers to develop comprehensive conservation and recovery plans for most of these species.
- University of California, Davis, Ph.D. Ecology, 1987
- University of California, Davis, M.S. Ecology, 1981
- Stanford University, B.A. Human Biology, 1976
Awards & Recognition
- USDA Forest Service, Wings Across the Americas Award, 2010
Bat Conservation Award
- USDA Forest Service, Wings Across the Americas Award, 2008
Bat Conservation Award
Featured Publications & Products
- Loeb, S.; Britzke, E. 2010. Intra- and interspecific responses to Rafinesque’s big-eared bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) social calls.
- Britzke, E.; Slack, B.; Armstrong, M; Loeb, S. 2010. Effects of Orientation and Weatherproofing on the Detection of Bat Echolocation Calls.
- Britzke, Eric R.; Loeb, Susan C.; Hobson, Keith A.; Romanek, Christopher S.; Vonhof, Maarten J. 2009. Using hydrogen isotopes to assign origins of bats in the eastern United States.
Publications & Products
- Greenberg, Cathryn H.; Perry, Roger W.; Franzreb, Kathleen E.; Loeb, Susan C.; Saenz, Daniel; Rudolph, D. Craig; Winters, Eric; Fucik, E.M.; Kwiatkowski, M.A.; Parresol, B.R.; Austin, J.D.; Tanner, G.W. 2014. Climate change and wildlife in the southern United States: potential effects and management options.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Winters, Eric A. 2013. Indiana bat summer maternity distribution: effects of current and future climates.
- Loeb, Susan. 2013. One fell swoop.
- Britzke, E.R.; Loeb, S.C.; Romanek, C.S.; Hobson, K.A.; Vonhof, M.J. 2013. Variation in catchment areas of Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) hibernacula inferred from stable hydrogen (δ2H) isotope analysis..
- Loeb, Susan C.; Reid, Shawna L.; Lipscomb, Donald J. 2012. Habitat and Landscape Correlates of Southern Flying Squirrel Use of Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Clusters.
- Clark, Stacy L.; Franzreb, Kathleen E.; Greenberg, Cathryn H.; Keyser, Tara; Loeb, Susan C.; Loftis, David L.; McNab, W. Henry; O'Keefe, Joy M.; Schweitzer, Callie Jo; Spetich, Martin. 2012. Researching effects of prescribed fire in hardwood forests.
- Amelon, Sybill; Brooks, Robert T.; Glaeser, Jessie; Friggens, Megan; Lindner, Daniel; Loeb, Susan C.; Lynch, Ann; Minnis, Drew; Perry, Roger; Rowland, Mary M.; Tomosy, Monica; Weller, Ted. 2012. U.S. Forest Service Research and Development (USFS R/D) national science strategy on White Nose Syndrome (WNS).
- Hanula, J.L.; Wade, D.D.; O'Brien, J.; Loeb, S.C. 2009.
Ground-dwelling arthropod association with coarse woody debris following long-term dormant season prescribed burning in the longleaf pine flatwoods of north Florida..
- O'Keefe, Joy M.; Loeb, Susan C.; Lanham, J. Drew; Hill, Hoke S., Jr. 2009.
Macrohabitat factors affect day roost selection by eastern read bats and eastern pipistrelles in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA..
- O'Keefe, Joy M.; Loeb, Susan C.1; Lanham, J. Drew; Hill, Hoke S. Jr. 2009.
Macrohabitat factors affect day roost selection by eastern red bats and eastern pipstrelles in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA.
- Hanula, James L; Wade, Dale; O'Brien, Joseph; Loeb, Susan. 2009. Ground-dwelling arthropod association with coarse woody debris following long-term dormant season prescribed burning in the longleaf pine flatwoods of North Carolina.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Post, Christopher J.; Hall, Steven T. 2009. Relationship between urbanization and bat community structure in national parks of the southeastern U.S..
- Bennett, Frances M.; Loeb, Susan C.; Bunch, Mary S. 2009. Use and selection of bridges as day roosts by Rafineque’s big-eared bats.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Waldrop, Thomas A. 2008. Bat activity in relation to fire and fire surrogate treatments in southern pine stands.
- Bennett, Frances M.; Loeb, Susan C.; Bunch, Mary S.; Bowerman, William W. 2008. Use and selection of bridges as day roosts by rafinesque's big-eared bats.
- Hinkelman, Travis M.; Loeb, Susan C. 2007. Effect of woody debris abundance on daytime refuge use by cotton mice.
- Loeb, Susan C.; O'Keefe, Joy M. 2006. Habitat use by forest bats in South Carolina in relation to local, stand, and landscape characteristics.
- Laves, Kevin S.; Loeb, Susan C. 2005. Differential estimates of southern flying squirrel (Glaucomys volans) population structure based on capture method.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Wike, Lynn D.; Mayer, John J.; Danielson, Brent J. 2005. Nongame mammals.
- Hooper, Robert G.; Taylor, William E.; Loeb, Susan C. 2004. Long-term efficacy of artificial cavities for red-cockaded woodpeckers: Lessons learned from hurricane Hugo.
- Risch, Thomas S.; Loeb, Susan C. 2004. Monitoring interactions between red-cockaded woodpeckers and southern flying squirrels.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Ruth, Deanna L. 2004. Seasonal use of red-cockaded woodpecker cavities by southern flying squirrels.
- Sallee, Rod; Owen, Wayne; Kenna, Karen; Kauffman, Gary; Emery, Marla; Johnson, Tony; Araman, Phil; Stratton, Dan; Reams, Greg; Sheffield, Ray; Rudis, Vic; Loeb, Susan; White, David; Chamberlain, Jim. 2004. Special Forest Products: A Southern Strategy for Research & Technology Transfer.
- Asaro, Christopher; Loeb, Susan C.; Hanula, James L. 2003. Cone consumption by southeastern fox squirrels: A potential basis for clonal preferences in a loblolly and slash pine seed orchard.
- Britzke, Eric R.; Harvey, Michael J.; Loeb, Susan C. 2003. Indiana Bat, Myotis Sodalis, Maternity Roosts in the Southern United States.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Chapman, Gregg L.; Ridley, Theodore R. 2001. Sampling small mammals in southeastern forests: the importance of trapping in trees.
- Hanula, James L.; Lipscomb, Donald; Franzreb, Kathleen E.; Loeb, Susan C. 2000. Diet of nestling red-cockaded woodpeckers at three locations.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Tainter, Frank H.; Cázares, Efren. 2000. Habitat associations of hypogeous fungi in the Southern Appalachians: implications for the endangered northern flying squirrel (Glaycomys sabrinus coloratus).
- Laves, Kevin S.; Loeb, Susan C. 1999. Effects of southern flying squirrels Glaucomys volans on red-cockaded woodpecker Picoides borealis reproductive success.
- Loeb, Susan C. 1999. Responses of small mammals to coarse woody debris in a southeastern pine forest.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Lennartz, Michael R.; Szaro, Robert C. 1998. The role of fish, wildlife, and plant research in ecosystem management.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Hooper, Robert G. 1997. An experimental test of interspecific competition for red-cockaded woodpecker cavities.
- Yates, Mark D.; Loeb, Susan C.; Guynn, David C., Jr. 1997. The effect of habitat patch size on small mammal populations.
- Loeb, Susan C. 1996. Effectiveness of flying squirrel excluder devices on red-cockaded woodpecker cavities.
- Edwards, John W.; Loeb, Susan C.; Guynn, David C., Jr. 1994. Use of Multiple Regression and Use-Availability Analyses in Determining Habitat Selection by Gray Squirrels (Sciurus Carolinensis).
- Edwards, John W.; Guynn, David C., Jr..; Loeb, Susan C. 1993. Seasonal Mast Availability for Wildlife in the Piedmont Region of Georgia.
- Loeb, Susan C.; Pepper, William D.; Doyle, Arlene T. 1992. Habitat Characteristics of Active and Abandoned Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Colonies.
In a recent study on the Nantahala National Forest in western North Carolina, Forest Service scientists investigated the importance of riparian ...